Vulnerability of the modern criminal legal system of Russia from the methods and means of conducting hybrid wars

Cover Page
Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


The features of the manifestations of hybrid wars were investigated by examples of its action in certain sectors of science, education, economics, finance, and criminal law. Certain characteristics of actions and events have been identified as elements of a hybrid war and not as random events.

The Criminal Code of the Russian Federation does not contain the necessary articles that would allow sufficient legal protection of the rights of citizens and the interests of the state from the actions and consequences of hybrid wars. In general, the criminal law system is not ready to identify and classify events as elements of a hybrid war, repel hybrid war attacks and waging confrontation, and work on the initial preemption and prevention of hybrid wars.

This article, which is proposed to be introduced into the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, reveals the concept of hybrid war and provides its full definition in a new article.

In conclusion, criminal legal measures and the possibilities of only the criminal legal system cannot solve the problems of confrontation in hybrid wars, and involvement of all the forces and resources of the state is necessary.

A proposal was made on the need to move to organizing the work of Russian law enforcement agencies on new principles: preemptive and prevention of hybrid wars instead of merely identifying their consequences and fragmentary application of criminal punishment for actions that are insignificant in comparison to the scale and damage caused by a hybrid war.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

Leonid V. Goloskokov

Moscow academy of the Investigative Committee
of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4113-1571
SPIN-code: 8675-9376

Russian Federation, Russia, 125080, Moskow, st. Vrubel 12.

Doctor of Law, Leading Researcher of the Research Department




  1. Lao-tszy. Dao de tsin. Drevnekitayskaya filosofiya. Sobraniye tekstov v dvukh tomakh. T. 1. Moscow: Mysl', 1972. P. 114-138. (In Russ.).
  2. Sun'-tszy. Glava odinnadtsataya. «Devyat' mestnostey». Drevnekitayskaya filosofiya. Sobraniye tekstov v dvukh tomakh. T. 1. Moscow: Mysl'., 1972. P. 206-211. (In Russ.).
  3. Tsygankov P.A. Gibridnaya voyna: politicheskiy diskurs i mezhdunarodnaya praktika. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 18. Sotsiologiya i politologiya. 2015;(4):253-258. (In Russ.).
  4. Yusupov M.R., Minin A.Ya. Protivodeystviye korruptsii institutami grazhdanskogo obshchestva. Metodologiya i organizatsionno-pravovyye aspekty podderzhki obshchestvennykh nachalakh v sfere predprinimatel'stva. Ed. by prof. A.Ya. Minina Moscow: MTPP, 2009. 346 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Izyumov D.B., Kondratyuk Ye.L. Grazhdanskiye setetsentricheskiye voyny. Innovatics and Expert Examination. 2016;3(18):81-86. (In Russ.).
  6. Raskin A.V. Setevyye tekhnologii v gibridnoy voyne. Informatsionnyye voyny. 2016;1(37):2-4. (In Russ.).
  7. Luneyev V.V. Prestupnost' XX veka. Mirovyye, regional'nyye i rossiyskiye tendentsii. Moscow, 1999. 912 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Aganbegyan A.G. O dinamicheskom ekonomicheskom roste. Trudy ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossii. 2019;218(4):180-209. (In Russ.).
  9. Glaz'yev S.Yu. Problemy i perspektivy rossiyskogo finansovogo rynka v usloviyakh strukturnykh izmeneniy mirovoy ekonomiki. Finance: Theory and Practice. 2020;24(3):6-29. doi: 10.26794/2587-5671-202024-3-6-29. (In Russ.).
  10. Yani P.S. Voprosy kvalifikatsii vyvoza kapitalov. Zakonnost'. 2019;(1):40-44. (In Russ.).
  11. Wu, J.T., Leung, K., Bushman, M. et al. Estimating clinical severity of COVID-19 from the transmission dynamics in Wuhan, China. Nat Med. 2020;(26):506-510. doi:
  12. Lyuy shi Chun' tsyu. Glava trinadtsataya. Chast' vtoraya. Otklik odinakov. Drevnekitayskaya filosofiya. Sobraniye tekstov v dvukh tomakh. T. 2. Moscow: «Mysl'», 1973. P. 300-302. (In Russ.).
  13. Kochetkov V.V. Kul'turnoye gibridnykh voyn. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 18. Sotsiologiya i politologiya. 2015;(4):263-267. (In Russ.).
  14. Voroshilov S.Ya., Lozovitskaya G.P. Oruzhiye, porazhayushcheye izlucheniye, kak sredstvo soversheniya prestupleniy. Trudy Akademii upravleniya MVD Rossii. 2017;4(44):174-179. (In Russ.).
  15. Pechegin D.A. Object And Subject Of Foreign Exchange Crimes Involving Avoidance Of Repatriation Obligation Discharge // Financial law. 2017. № 11. P. 39-42.



Abstract - 28

PDF (Russian) - 0

PDF (English) - 0


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Goloskokov L.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies