Theoretical and Legal analysis of Modern Approaches to the Concept of International Crime

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Abstract

The article attempts to study the political and legal essence (nature) of international crime as a negative impact of social reality in the analysis of various approaches. It is concluded that the concept of “international crime” in the context of modern trends in globalization and transformation of social relations is relevant by its definition. It is argued that in the theory of international criminal law, there are four approaches, different defining factors that comprise the contextual element of an international crime — violations of international peremptory norms (jus cogens); the special nature of the external expression of such acts indicating the inherent danger of the phenomenon (as, for example, the direction of intent, seriousness and scale, special attitude on the part of the international community); functional relationship with an agent acting as a criminal policy; and encroachment on international peace and human security. Modern methods of development of the international community are applied in modern literature) as are torture, encroachments on persons enjoying international immunity, international terrorism, piracy, illegal circulation of weapons of mass destruction, etc. The option of criminalizing acts that infringe on international peace and human security and are committed as international crimes is also not excluded. An international crime is a complex affair committed in the context of institutional politics, infringing on international peace and security, and challenging the concept of the international community, thus, falling under universal jurisdiction.

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About the authors

Dmitriy V. Lobach

Far Eastern Law Institute (branch) of the University of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: dimaved85@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7229-439X
SPIN-code: 3450-7023
ResearcherId: U-1713-2019

PhD in law, associate professor

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

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