Justification of the choice of predecessors of rice at drip irrigation on light- chestnut soils of the privolzhian extraction

Cover Page

Abstract


The article presents an analysis of the research results of the All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture, obtained in 2014 - 2016. in conditions of the southern slope of the Volga Upland, allowed to enrich the studied problem with new knowledge confirming the possibility of cultivating rice on innovative water-saving technology in general-purpose irrigation systems, including a different set of crops as precursors in field and other crop rotations. To assess the preference for the choice of rice precursors, we selected a legume soybean culture, a row crop potatoes and a narrow-crop culture rice.Studies have shown that, for all predecessors, rice crops with a small time difference have completed the vegetation period and formed a yield close to the planned without negative impact on soil, phytosanitary condition, growth and development of rice. All this makes it possible to recommend them for inclusion in rice crop rotations on general-purpose irrigation systems, to be used as rice precursors with periodic irrigation in the following ranking order: soybean ® potatoes ® rice.


About the authors

I. P. Kruzhilin

All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture

Author for correspondence.
Email: vniioz@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, 400002, Volgograd, Timirjaseva St., 9

академик РАН

N. N. Doubenok

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University

Email: vniioz@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, 49, Timiryazev street, Moscow, 127550

академик РАН

M. A. Ganiev

All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture

Email: vniioz@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, 400002, Volgograd, Timirjaseva St., 9

кандидат технических наук

V. V. Melichov

All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture

Email: vniioz@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, 400002, Volgograd, Timirjaseva St., 9

член-корреспондент РАН

K. A. Rodin

All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture

Email: vniioz@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, 400002, Volgograd, Timirjaseva St., 9

кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук

A. G. Bolotina

All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture

Email: vniioz@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, 400002, Volgograd, Timirjaseva St., 9

кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук

A. B. Nevezhina

All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture

Email: vniioz@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, 400002, Volgograd, Timirjaseva St., 9

References

  1. Falkenmar K.M., Rockström J. Balancing water for humans and nature: the new approach in ecohydrology // London (UK): Earthscan, – 2004. – 247 p.
  2. Rosegrant M.W. Food, Agriculture and the Environment Discussion // Paper 20, IFPRI, Washington, DC, USA. – 1997. – 27 – p.
  3. Dawe D. Increasing water productivity in rice-basedsystems in Asia-past trends, current problems, and future prospects // Plant Prod. Scence. – 2005. – V. 8. – P. 221 –230.
  4. World commission on dams report / Earthscan Publications Ltd, London and Sterling, VA. – 2000. –Р. 404.
  5. Дубенок Н.Н., Кружилин И.П., Абду Н.М., Ганиев М.А., Родин К.А. Продуктивность суходольного риса при капельном орошении// Научно-теоретический журнал: Известия ТСХА. – 2015.– № 6. – С. 91-101.
  6. Кружилин И.П., Дубенок Н.Н., Ганиев М.А., Абду Н.М., Мелихов В.В., Болотин А.Г., Родин К.А. Водосберегающая технология возделывания аэробного риса при капельном орошении. Научно-теоретическийжурнал: Известия ТСХА.– 2015. – №3. – С. 47-56.
  7. Balasubramanian R., Krishnarajan J. Weed population and biomass in direct- seeded rice (Oryza sativa) as influenced by irrigation// Indian J. Agron. – 2001. – V. 46. – P.101-106.
  8. Choudhury B.U., B.A. Bouman, Singh A.K. Yield and water productivity of rice-wheat on raised beds at New Delhi, India // Field Crops Res. – 2007. – V. – 100. – P. 229-339.
  9. Kruzhilin I. P., Doubenok N. N., Ganiev M. A., Melikhov V.V., Abdou N.M., RodinK. A. Combination of the natural and antropogenically-controlled for obtaining various rice yield using drip irrigation sistemem // Russian Agricultural Sciences. – 2016. – V. 42. – P. 460-464.
  10. Kruzhilin I. P., Doubenok N.N., Ganiev M. A., Ovchinnikov A.S., Melikhov V.V., Abdou N.M., Rodin K. A., FominS.D. Mode of rice drip irrigation // Engineering and Applied Sciences. – 2017. –V. 24.– P. 7118 – 7123.
  11. Дубенок Н.Н., Сухарев В.И. Водный баланс Агроландшафтов Центрального Черноземья и его регулирование. М.: Колос. – 2010. – 163с.
  12. Кружилин И.П., Ганиев М.А., Родин К.А. Скороспелый длиннозёрный сорт риса // Хлебопродукты. – 2008. – С 63 – 68.
  13. Неунылов Б.А. Повышение плодородия почв рисовых полей Дальнего Востока. Владивосток. –1961. –239 с.
  14. Тулякова З.Ф.Рисна Северном Кавказе. Ростов-на-Дону. – 1973. –116 с.
  15. Сидоренко О.Д. Эффективность химической мелиорации засоленых почв под рисом в условиях Ставропольского края // Повышение продуктивности почв рисовых полей. М.: Наука– 1985. – С. 71 - 81.
  16. Филин В.И. Справочная книга по растениеводству с основами программирования урожая. Волгоград. – ВГСХА. – 1994. – 274 с.
  17. Костяков А.Н. Избранные труды. М.: Сельхозгиз. – 1961. –Т 1, 2. – 807 с., 743 с.
  18. Доспехов Б.А. Методика полевого опыта (с основами статистической обработки результатов исследований / 5-е изд., доп. и перераб. М. – Агропромиздат – 1985. – 351 с.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 105

PDF (Russian) - 84

Cited-By


PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Russian Academy of Sciences

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies