Minimally invasive treatment of spinal compression fractures in multiple myeloma (review)

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Abstract


Multiple myeloma is a rare oncohematological disease that affects 70% of the vertebral body, causing its compression fractures. The aim of the article was to analyze the literature data concerning the results of minimally invasive treatment of patients with multiple myeloma complicated by compression fractures of the spine. A small percentage of complications and rapid postoperative recovery contributed to the active introduction of percutaneous vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty in practical medicine. Analysis of literature showed that percutaneous minimally invasive surgery aimed at increasing the height and stability of the vertebral bodies, relief of pain due to the elimination of radiculopathy. In combination with other therapeutic methods it can achieve the best result of complex palliative treatment of patients with multiple myeloma with metastases to the spine which ultimately allows to achieve a better quality of life of this group of patients.


Anna A. Nagajtseva

The First Sechenov Moscow State Medical University under Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: ffma0@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Moscow

Student of Medical Faculty

Yury O. Zharikov

The First Sechenov Moscow State Medical University under Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: dr_zharikov@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9636-3807

Russian Federation, Moscow

Cand. of Med. Sci., Associate Professor of the Department of Human Anatomy Medical Faculty

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