Food safety of bivalves from the South Vietnam: organochlorine compounds and heavy metals as risk factors for human health

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Abstract

The aim of the work is to study the accumulation of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls and heavy metals in the soft tissues of commercial bivalves from continental reservoirs of the south Vietnam and to assess health risks for population.

Materials and methods. Four genera of bivalves from the Mekong Delta — Corbicula sp., Geloina sp., Ensidens sp., Scabies sp. — were studied. Organic pollutants were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, heavy metals – by atomic absorption in flame and flameless atomizers. Health risks were assessed by determining the hazard quotient (HQ) and the incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR).

Results. To minimize the risk of poisoning when consuming Corbicula sp., Geloina sp., Ensidens sp. and Scabies sp. maximum consumption levels should be 83, 15, 1 and 6 pcs/day, respectively. The risk of developing cancer can be increased with the consumption of Corbicula sp. Ensidens sp. and Geloina sp. in an amount of 2–12 pcs/day.

Conclusion. The maximum consumption levels of four bivalves genera were determined, at which there is no health risks for the population of South Vietnam. All risks are associated with α-HCH, PCBs, Mn and Fe. Safety assessment of local food (in particular, not traditional for tourists) is an urgent task to ensure the safety of life and health of Russian citizens abroad.

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About the authors

Maxim M. Donets

Far Eastern Federal University

Author for correspondence.
Email: maksim.donecz@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2108-4448
SPIN-code: 9023-6473
Scopus Author ID: 57205716388
ResearcherId: W-8730-2018

laboratory assistant at the Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, 4th year student of the Department of Food Sciences and Technologies of the School of Biomedicine

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Vasily Yu. Tsygankov

Far Eastern Federal University

Email: tsig_90@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5095-7260
SPIN-code: 5047-8410
Scopus Author ID: 56150726400
ResearcherId: J-4069-2013

PhD, Associate Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, of the Department of Food Sciences and Technologies of the School of Biomedicine

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Veronika I. Kulshova

Far Eastern Federal University

Email: veronikakulshova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0745-8252
SPIN-code: 7944-6020

3rd year student of the Department of the Food Sciences and Technologies of the School of Biomedicine

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Joseph Elkhoury

Far Eastern Federal University

Email: khoury.joseph1998@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0745-8252
SPIN-code: 6953-4040

3rd year student of the Department of Fundamental Medicine of the School of Biomedicine

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Margarita D. Boyarova

Far Eastern Federal University

Email: boyarova.m@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0496-7000
SPIN-code: 8872-8933

PhD, Associate Professor, Department of the Food Sciences and Technologies of the School of Biomedicine

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Alexander N. Gumovsky

Far Eastern Federal University

Email: gumovskii.an@dvfu.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3414-2010
SPIN-code: 4319-4728

researcher of the Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, Engineer of the Training Department of the School of Biomedicine

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Yulia P. Gumovskaya

Far Eastern Federal University

Email: nedobylskaya.yp@dvfu.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5791-5493
SPIN-code: 8381-4723

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, D.Sc., principal investigater, Laboratory of Freshwater Hydrobiology

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Victor V. Bogatov

Federal Scientific Center of the East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity FEB RAS

Email: vibogatov@mail.ru
SPIN-code: 1475-6781

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, D.Sc., principal investigater, Laboratory of Freshwater Hydrobiology

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Larisa A. Prozorova

Federal Scientific Center of the East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity FEB RAS

Email: lprozorova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2174-815X
SPIN-code: 9054-2471

PhD, leading researcher, Laboratory of Freshwater Hydrobiology

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Elena N. Chernova

Far Eastern Federal University; Pacific Geographical Institute FEB RAS

Email: elena@tigdvo.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4200-6278
SPIN-code: 1026-1383

канд. биол. наук, старший научный сотрудник лаборатории геохимии Тихоокеанского института географии ДВО РАН, доцент базовой кафедры химических и ресурсосберегающих технологий ШЕН ДВФУ

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Eugenia V. Lysenko

Pacific Geographical Institute FEB RAS

Email: lysenko_tig@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3192-9862
SPIN-code: 7787-4592

PhD, researcher, Laboratory of Geochemistry

Russian Federation, Vladivostok

Хuan Quang Ngo

Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology

Email: ngoxuanq@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2587-1999

PhD, Head of Department, Institute of Tropical Biology

Viet Nam, Ho Chi Minh

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Copyright (c) 2020 Donets M.M., Tsygankov V.Y., Kulshova V.I., Elkhoury J., Boyarova M.D., Gumovsky A.N., Gumovskaya Y.P., Bogatov V.V., Prozorova L.A., Chernova E.N., Lysenko E.V., Ngo Х.

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