The assessment of micronucleus frequency in lymphocytes in the cohort of coal-miners characterized by different polymorphisms of double strand break reparation genes

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Background: Coal-miners are exposed to a lot of number of harmful factors (chemical agents, ionizing radiation, heavy metals, coal dust etc.). Material and methods: Venous blood samples extracted from 129 coal-miners. Assessment of cytogenetic damage was performed using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay (CBMN) on peripheral blood lymphocytes. PCR and gel electrophoresis were used to determine polymorphisms in the genes Lig4 (rs1805388) and XRCC4 (rs6869366). Results: We found a significant increase in the frequency of binucleated lymphocytes with micronuclei (MN) and protrusions in carriers of the Ile/ Ile genotype of the Lig4 gene Thr9Ile polymorphism in comparison to Thr/Thr and Thr/Ile genotypes. Conclusions: Thr9Ile polymorphism within Lig4 gene can be used as potential molecular genetic markers of increased individual susceptibility to the complex of harmful factors in coal-mining conditions.

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About the authors

Maxim Yur'yevich Sinitsky

Kemerovo State University

PhD student, Biology Faculty, Department of Genetics

Valentin Pavlovich Volobaev

Kemerovo State University

PhD student, Biology Faculty, Department of Genetics

Maxim Aydarovich Asanov

Kemerovo State University

Student, Biology Faculty, Department of Genetics


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Copyright (c) 2015 Sinitsky M.Y., Volobaev V.P., Asanov M.A.

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