Environmental DNA: history of studies, current and perspective applications in fundamental and applied research

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Abstract


This review article is dedicated to a relatively young, actively developing approach to biodiversity assessment – analysis of environmental DNA (or eDNA). Current views on the nature of eDNA, a brief overview of the history of this approach and methods of eDNA analysis are presented. Major research directions, utilizing eDNA techniques, and perspectives of their application to the study of biodiversity are described. Key issues in development of eDNA approach, its advantages and drawbacks are outlined.


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About the authors

Daria V. Pinakhina

Russian ITMO University

Author for correspondence.
Email: acanthodasha@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9896-6556
SPIN-code: 3163-7275
Scopus Author ID: 55551638800

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

PhD, master’s degree program student, Faculty of Information Technologies and Programming

Elena M. Chekunova

Saint Petersburg State University

Email: elena_chekunova@mail.ru
SPIN-code: 2788-6386
Scopus Author ID: 6701797455

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Dr. Sci. (Biol.), Senior Researcher

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Supplementary files

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1.
Figure: 1. The main general steps of environmental DNA analysis

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2.
Figure: 2. The main areas in which DNA analysis of the environment is used, and links to examples of research in these areas

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