Polymorphism C/T-13910 of the LCT gene regulatory region and lactase deficiency in Eurasian populations

  • Authors: Sokolova M.V1, Vasilyev E.V2, Kozlov A.I3, Rebrikov D.V4, Senkeeva S.S5, Kozhekbaeva Z.M3, Lundup A.V6, Svechnikova N.S6, Ogurtsov P.P6, Khusnutdinova E.K7, Yankovsky N.K3, Borinskaya S.A3
  • Affiliations:
    1. M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, RF
    2. Institute of Immunology, Moscow, RF
    3. N.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics RAS, Moscow, RF
    4. DNA-Technology SRC CJSC, Moscow, RF
    5. Auezov Tuberculosis Dispensary, Almaty, Kazakhstan
    6. People's Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, RF
    7. Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics, Ufa Research Scientific Center RAS, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostanб RF
  • Issue: Vol 5, No 3 (2007)
  • Pages: 25-34
  • Section: Articles
  • URL: https://journals.eco-vector.com/ecolgenet/article/view/5463
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.17816/ecogen5325-34
  • Cite item
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Abstract


Genetically determined deficiency of the lactase enzyme in adults (primary hypolactasia) is a recessive trait. As shown earlier, in some European populations primary hypolactasia is determined by carrying the CC genotype at the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) LCT*С/T-13910. In this work allele and genotype frequencies were estimated for the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) LCT*C/ T-13910 in 7 samples (346 individuals in total), representing Eurasian populations (Saami, Mari, Russians from the Volga-Ural Area, Kazakhs, Uyghurs, Buriats, Arabs). For part of these groups and for some of the earlier studied groups the frequencies of the CC genotype are similar to the epidemiological-clinical data on hypolactasia frequency reported for respective or closely located populations (in Russians, Ukrainians, Byelorussians, Kola Saami, Mari, Komi-Permyaks, Udmurts, Pamir Mountain dwellers, and in Chukchi, Iranians and Arabs). For the Asian populations, the data are contradictory, and evaluation of genetic determination of hypolactasia in these populations requires further studies of larger samples. Considering association of primary hypolactasia with CC genotype in the Russian sample found by us earlier, the obtained results point that the CC genotype at SNP LCT*C/ T-13910 is the main genetic determinant of primary hypolactasia for populations of the European part of Russia.

About the authors

Maria V Sokolova

M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, RF

Eugene V Vasilyev

Institute of Immunology, Moscow, RF

Andrey I Kozlov

N.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics RAS, Moscow, RF

Email: dr.kozlov@gmail.com 125009, Moscow, Mokhovaya St., 11, bld. 1. Russia

Denis V Rebrikov

DNA-Technology SRC CJSC, Moscow, RF

Svetlana S Senkeeva

Auezov Tuberculosis Dispensary, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Zhanna M Kozhekbaeva

N.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics RAS, Moscow, RF

Aleksey V Lundup

People's Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, RF

Natalia S Svechnikova

People's Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, RF

Pavel P Ogurtsov

People's Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, RF

Elsa K Khusnutdinova

Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics, Ufa Research Scientific Center RAS, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostanб RF

Email: ekkh@anrb.ru

Nikolay K Yankovsky

N.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics RAS, Moscow, RF

Email: yankovsky@vigg.ru

Svetlana A Borinskaya

N.I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics RAS, Moscow, RF

Email: borinskaya@gmail.com

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Copyright (c) 2007 Sokolova M.V., Vasilyev E.V., Kozlov A.I., Rebrikov D.V., Senkeeva S.S., Kozhekbaeva Z.M., Lundup A.V., Svechnikova N.S., Ogurtsov P.P., Khusnutdinova E.K., Yankovsky N.K., Borinskaya S.A.

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