Vacuum extraction of the fetus: the version and controversy

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Actuality. Although in the developed countries of the surgical vaginal delivery by a vacuum extraction of the fetus the widespread introduction, this method is not sufficiently popular in our country, due to the unfounded opinion of the highest injury to the mother and fetus. However, due to the improvement of models and the obvious advantages of simplicity and ease of use, the application of this operation becomes reality.

Aim. The assessment of the surgical vaginal delivery by a vacuum extraction of the fetus on the shape of parturient women and newborns.

Materials and methods. Made a retrospective analysis of the outcome of the 192 vaginal operative deliveries by using a single use vacuum system KIWI according to the labor histories and stories of newborns for 2014-2015 in regional perinatal center, Kursk. We studied the anamnestic data and the results of monitoring the pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum and newborn state. The calculations were made using the package of standard programs.

Results. In the majority of cases the postpartum period was uneventful, the cases of severe obstetric injury was not revealed. 80.21% of the children were recovered in a satisfactiry condition, although acute fetal hypoxia was observed in 90.1% of cases, suggesting the efficacy of using the vacuum extraction. Clinically significant lesions, such as subgaleal hematoma, skull fracture are not registered.

Conclusions. Analyzing the consequences of this method, we can confidently say that the operation of vacuum extraction with timely and correct use of a technical execution has no negative impact on the organisms of mother and child and is justified by positive outcomes in emergency situations.

Irina N Medvedevа

Author for correspondence.
Kursk State Medical University
Russian Federation

сandidate of med. sciences, docent of obstetrics and gynecology, faculty of postgraduate education

Ksenia S Svyatchenko
Kursk State Medical University
Russian Federation

post-graduate student of department of obstetrics and gynecology faculty of postgraduate education

Yulia Y Barbashova
State Clinical Hospital No 4
Russian Federation


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