Pathogenesis of ovarian dysfunction in women with diabetes mellitus 1 type

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Abstract


The main ideas about the pathogenesis of ovarian dysfunction in women with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1 are presented. The role of increased opioid and dopaminergic tone in the pathogenesis of reducing the synthesis of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone by the hypothalamus in women with type 1 diabetes was analyzed. Presented the data of relationship between ovarian hormonal insufficiency in women with type 1 diabetes with possible damage of positive feedback mechanism of the ovaries and the pituitary gland, which intactness is necessary for the maturation of the dominant follicle and ovulation. The results of studies, suggested that the high doses of exogenously administered insulin in type 1 DM lead to stimulation of androgen synthesis in teca cells and ovarian stroma and the development of ovarian  hyperandrogenemia, as well as polycystic ovary syndrome, are reduced. In addition to exogenous hyperinsulinemia, in the pathogenesis of ovarian dysfunction, the value of the deficiency of endogenous insulin, leading to a violation of steroidogenesis in the tissues of the ovary and anovulation, is proved. The role of insulin deficiency and hyperglycemia in the development of metabolic stress lead to ovarian dysfunction in patients with type 1 diabetes was analyzed.


Margarita G. Tolpygina

Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O. Ott

Author for correspondence.
Email: chetmar@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

PhD, student

Elena I. Abashova

Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O. Ott

Email: abashova@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

PhD, senior researcher at the Department of Endocrinology

Natalia V. Borovik

Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O. Ott

Email: Borovik1970@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

PhD, Department of Endocrinology

Alena V. Tiselko

Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology named after D.O. Ott

Email: alenadoc@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

PhD, senior researcher at the Department of Endocrinology

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