Dmitry Oscarovich Ott — the foundator of endoscopy in gynecology

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Abstract

On April 19, 1901, at a meeting of the St. Petersburg Obstetric and Gynecological Society, Professor Dmitry Oskarovich Ott for the first time made a report on the method he developed for illuminating the abdominal cavity when performing operations with a vaginal access. He called the proposed method ventroscopy (ventroscopia; Latin venter stomach + Greek skopeo consider). The latter used terms such as celioscopy, abdominoscopy, pelvioscopy, etc. At present, it is customary to call the examination of the abdominal organs using an endoscope inserted through the anterior abdominal wall, the method of laparoscopy, and when the endoscope is introduced through the posterior vaginal fornix - cultoscopy.

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About the authors

E. K. Ailamazyan

Research Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology named after D.O. Ott, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences; Military Medical Academy

Author for correspondence.
Email: info@eco-vector.com
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

E. F. Kira

Research Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology named after D.O. Ott, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences; Military Medical Academy

Email: info@eco-vector.com
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Yu. V. Tsvelev

Research Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology named after D.O. Ott, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences; Military Medical Academy

Email: info@eco-vector.com
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

V. F. Bezhenar

Research Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology named after D.O. Ott, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences; Military Medical Academy

Email: info@eco-vector.com
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

A. A. Bezmenko

Research Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology named after D.O. Ott, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences; Military Medical Academy

Email: info@eco-vector.com
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

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1. D.O. Ott

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