The use of optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with chiasmal compression (literature review)

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Abstract

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is currently the leading method for the observation and evaluation of microstructural changes in the retina in vivo. In recent years, OCT has been used in clinical practice to monitor the progression of compressive optic neuropathy in patients with chiasmal-sellar region neoplasms. The results obtained in the course of the studies opened up new opportunities for studying the pathogenesis of the development of compressive optic neuropathy in patients of this group. The advent of OCT-angiography (OCTA), developed on the basis of OCT, made it possible to study changes in the blood flow of the radial peripapillary capillary network, superficial and deep capillary plexuses, which opens up many opportunities for further research into the pathogenesis of visual impairment in this group of patients, prognosis of the development of the disease, and selection optimal terms of treatment. The literature review presents and analyzes the currently available results of the use of OCTA in patients with chiasmal compression.

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About the authors

Natalia A. Gavrilova

A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry

Email: n.gavrilova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0368-296X

Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor, Head of the Department of Eye Diseases

Russian Federation, Moscow

Anastasiia V. Kuzmina

A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry

Author for correspondence.
Email: vi_ola92@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3065-1563

Postgraduate Student

Russian Federation, Moscow

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Copyright (c) 2022 Gavrilova N.A., Kuzmina A.V.

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