Character of feeding newborns in perinatal center. Problems of first week

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Abstract


The key to shaping the health of the future generation are the start timing of breastfeeding. In a single-center observational study in the Department of physiology of the newborn Perinatal Center, the nature of breastfeeding and problems in breast-feeding in mothers of healthy newborns in the first days after birth were evaluated. An analysis of the promotion and support of breastfeeding in 103 pairs (mother – infant) during hospital stay in accordance with WHO recommendations was conducted. Women were polled on socio-demographic issues (age, marital status, education, method of delivery), gestational age of infants, antropometry, Apgar score and infant feeding method. 71% of newborn were exclusively breastfed. Problems with breastfeeding were found in 41.7% of women. The most often meet: hypogalactia (17.48%) and cracked nipples (8.74%). All women received advice on how to eliminate their causes. The importance of providing permanent specialized professional support in breastfeeding to overcome the difficulties of matters after discharge from the hospital has been proved.


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About the authors

Elena N. Berezkina

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: berez@list.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Master’s Degree

Dmitry O. Ivanov

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Email: doivanov@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Professor, Rector

Valeria P. Novikova

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Email: novikova-vp@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Medical and Social Problems in Pediatrics, Head of the Department of Propedeutics of Childhood Diseases

Annа N. Zavyalova

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Email: anzavjalova@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of General Medical Practice

Aleksander V. Gostimskii

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Email: gostimsky@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Head, Department of General Medical Practice

Alina M. Susanina

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Email: frambuesa-a@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

4th year student of faculty General Medicine, specialty Nursing

Oleg V. Lisovskii

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Email: oleg.lisovsky@rambler.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of General Medical Practice

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1.
Fig. 1. The time of the first breastfeeding

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2.
Fig. 2. Вreastfeeding options of newborns in the physiological department

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3.
Fig. 3. Difficulties by mothers in the first days of lactation

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4.
Fig. 4. Sources of information for pregnant women on infant feeding

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Fig. 5. Special devices and accessories for use for breastfeeding

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Fig. 6. The prevalence of types of feeding newborns at the time of discharge from the Perinatal Center

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Copyright (c) 2020 Berezkina E.N., Ivanov D.O., Novikova V.P., Zavyalova A.N., Gostimskii A.V., Susanina A.M., Lisovskii O.V.

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