Features of anxiety, vegetative manifestations and adaptation of children of elementary school at different cognitive level of development

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Abstract

Purpose. To study the features of the nature and level of anxiety, vegetative manifestations and adaptation of primary school students with different cognitive development.

Material and methods. The research group consisted of 631 children from secondary schools in Rostov-on-Don and Lugansk. Depending on the cognitive development, the children were divided into 2 groups; the main group was made up of highly intelligent schoolchildren. The study evaluated the features of school anxiety manifestations (according to Beeman N. Phillips questionnaire), autonomic disorders and adaptive potential depending on the level of IQ.

Results. The data analysis showed that younger schoolchildren with high cognitive development showed higher school anxiety, which prevailed in the fourth grade, combined with the stress of adaptation mechanisms. Highly intelligent children are significantly more likely to have autonomic disorders.

Conclusion. The revealed features of adaptive mechanisms that are closely related to psycho-autonomic disorders in highly intellectual children require the development and implementation of preventive measures in educational institutions.

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About the authors

Alexander A. Lebedenko

Rostov State Medical University

Email: leb.rost@rambler.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4525-1500

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Professor, Head, Department of Children's Diseases # 2, Vice-Rector (Director) NRIOP

Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don

Artem M. Levchin

Rostov State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: temalg@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2016-2616

Candidate of Medical Sciences Assistant of the Department of Children's Diseases No. 2

Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don

Irina B. Ershova

Lugansk State Medical University named after St. Luke, Lugansk People’s Republic

Email: irina-ershova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9780-9436

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Professor, Head, Department of Pediatrics and Children's Infections

Lugansk, Lugansk People’s Republic

Yulia V. Glushko

Lugansk State Medical University named after St. Luke, Lugansk People’s Republic

Email: 10kopee4ka01@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3225-2603

ассистент кафедры педиатрии и детских инфекций

Ukraine, Lugansk, Lugansk People’s Republic

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
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1. Fig. 1. Dynamics of anxiety levels in children of the studied groups. * statistical difference in the indicators of the main group with the ones of the control group at р < 0.05

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2. Fig. 2. Dynamics of different types of adaptive potential in the children of the studied groups. * statistical difference in the indicators of the main group with the ones of the control group at р < 0.05

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Copyright (c) 2020 Lebedenko A.A., Levchin A.M., Ershova I.B., Glushko Y.V.

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