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Vol 24, No 3 (2022)

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The history of the celebration of the International Day of the Nurse through the eyes of medical students

Potupchik T.V., Korman Y.V.


It is known that the founder of modern nursing and the first professional nurse is Florence Nightingale, who first created the service of nurses. Since 1993, the International Day of the Nurse has been celebrated annually in the Russian Federation on May 12. In this connection, at the Pharmaceutical college of the Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, among the students of the Nursing department, events dedicated to the International Day of the Nurse are held annually. One of such events is a conference, which is held in the form of a project competition among first-year students on the basis of secondary general education and second-year students on the basis of basic general education. In 2022, a study was conducted at the college among 135 students of the 1st-4th year of the Nursing department, the purpose of which was to identify the degree of awareness of students in the field of the history of the creation of the Sisters of Mercy service and the International Day of the Nurse. The results of the survey showed good awareness among 76–97% of students.

Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):4-6
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Dosrochnaya strakhovaya pensiya

Drozdova A.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):7-7
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Experience of training in the specialty «nursing» on the basis of a large medical university: Voronezh state medical university named after N.N. Burdenko

Kryuchkova A.V., Panina O.A., Kondusova Y.V.


The article introduces the experience of teaching nurses on the basis of the Institute of Nursing Education at the Voronezh State Medical University named after N.N. Burdenko. During the existence of the Institute of Nursing Education in Voronezh, 950 specialists have been trained. The article shows the experience of teaching in the specialty «Nursing» within the framework of a large institution of higher medical education, presents the main activities of the institute of nursing education.

Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):8-10
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Sosnowski’s hogweed and photochemical dermatitis

Kutsenko V.P., Kovaleva D.D., Mironova N.R., Ledentsova S.S., Peresada E.I., Seliverstov P.V.


The article presents general information about the pathogenesis, clinical picture, diagnosis, as well as the treatment of phytophotodermatitis that occurs upon contact with the juice of Hogweed Sosnowski. The features of the course of the disease are described. The main preventive measures when working with cow parsnip are outlined.

Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):11-14
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Multiple myeloma in nurse practice

Skvortsov V.V., Rodionova I.V., Gorbach A.N., Ponomareva A.R., Matveev N.D.


Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell tumor, the development of which is associated with the proliferation and accumulation of immunoglobulin-secreting terminally differentiated monoclonal B cells. A characteristic feature of the disease is the production by myeloma cells of a pathological protein – paraprotein. In developed countries, myeloma annually affects an average of 4 people per 100,000 populations. This disease develops due to the proliferation of myeloma cells in the bone marrow in the form of tumor growths. Bone tissue degradation occurs, as well as the accumulation of paraproteins in the blood, which leads to protein stasis in the vessels, increased blood viscosity and paraproteinemic coma. Clinical manifestations may be the result of bone damage, impaired immune function, changes in the kidneys, anemia, increased blood viscosity. A frequent clinical sign of multiple myeloma is the susceptibility of patients to bacterial infections due to hypogammaglobulinemia, a decrease in the production of normal antibodies. Obvious diagnostic signs of multiple myeloma are: foci of destruction, «target skull» and osteoporosis on the x-ray, typing of paraproteins in the blood and urine by immunofixation, determination of kappa and lambda light chains in the urine. A complete cure is impossible; they try to transfer the disease to the stage of remission. Alkylating cytostatic drugs are used: sarcolysin and cyclophosphamide; corticosteroid hormones (increase the effectiveness of chemotherapy), analgesic drugs. Radiation therapy may be used.

Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):15-19
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Congratulations on International Nurses’ Day

- -.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):19-19
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Physical methods of treatment of children with diseases of the biliary tract

Grigoriev K.I., Grigorieva O.K., Mazurina S.V., Solovieva A.L., Vartapetova E.E.


Physiotherapy treatment can be given to any child with an acute or chronic disability. Being the most important component of the rehabilitation complex, physiotherapy is actively used after an acute illness or exacerbation of a chronic illness, or in order to provide rehabilitation after a surgical operation on the biliary tract. The publication describes the actual possibilities of physiotherapy, obtained as a result of national practice. Attention is paid to both the methods of hardware physiotherapy and the use of natural physical factors. The role of training specialized medical personnel in accordance with regulatory documents is emphasized. The variety of existing techniques and their effectiveness make physiotherapy a truly unique specialty, including in relation to biliary pathology in children.

Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):20-29
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Sotsial'naya vyplata na vakhte pri bolezni

Kudryashev M.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):30-30
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Risk factors for cardiovascular complications in COVID-19 patients

Kovalchuk A.N.


Objective of the study. To study literature data on cardiovascular complications risk assessment, their prevention and treatment in patients with new coronavirus infection (COVID 19) and various comorbid diseases.

Material and methods. The authors analyzed 19 Russian and 11 foreign publications that addressed the issues of risk assessment of cardiovascular complications, their prevention and treatment in patients with new coronavirus infection (COVID 19) and various comorbid conditions.

Results. Cardiovascular disease is the most common comorbid pathology in COVID 19 patients. Fatal complications in COVID-19 are associated with pulmonary embolism, acute coronary syndrome, and acute cerebral circulation disorder. Respiratory failure and worsening of the clinical course of existing cardiovascular diseases in patients could be the cause of death in patients with new coronavirus infection. The presence of previous myocardial infarction in men and women with COVID-19 increased the risk of death by 3-fold.

Conclusion. The lethality of patients with COVID-19 in the presence of coronary heart disease, arterial hypertension, obesity, and diabetes mellitus was higher than in the absence of the above pathology. COVID-19 disease is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular complications. The examination of patients with COVID-19 requires thorough analysis of cardiovascular and comorbid risk factors with subsequent correction of therapeutic, preventive and rehabilitative measures.

Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):31-34
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Prevention of accelerated aging and «diseases of civilization» with the help of natural geroprotectors BioChaga and BioDihydroquercetin

Usoltseva O.N.


Purpose of the study. Systematization of the obtained literature data on the mechanisms of aging and the administration of BioChaga and Biodihydroquercetin in different categories of persons. Based on this, description the mechanism of action and effectiveness of administration of BioChaga, Biodihydroquercetin of the trademark «Baikal Legend» for prevention of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, oncological diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus, as age-related diseases. Drawing relationship between accelerated aging and «diseases of civilization», determination of BioChaga and BioDihydroquercetin role for prevention of these phenomena and evaluation of their impact on life quality and integral health indicators in elderly men and women.

Material and methods. Completed: analysis of 10 Russian and 5 foreign publications. Reflected: the composition, pharmacological properties, mechanism of action of BioChaga, BioDihydroquercetin of the trade mark «Baikal Legend», their administration for prevention of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, oncological diseases, diabetes mellitus, their complications. We evaluated the contribution of BioDihydroquercetin (study at the Irkutsk State Medical University) in elderly people who are engaged in a health group and have an aggravated cardiovascular history.

Results. BioChaga and BioDihydroquercetin have pronounced antioxidant, antiradical and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as high bioavailability. This makes them effective in combating excess free radicals and confirms their effectiveness in slowing down the aging process at the cellular level, according to the free radical theory of aging.

In elderly patients, those involved in health groups while taking BioDihydroquercetin for 2 months showed a significant decrease in body weight by 1 kg (p=0.0004); BMI - by 2.6 kg/m2 (p=0.0005); SBP - by 3 mm Hg. (p=0.0092); DBP - by 10 mm Hg (p=0.0262); fat mass - by 1.1% (p=0.0262). There was a statistically significant increase in integral health indicators: FFI - by 2% (p=0.0147); mental reserves - by 10% (p=0.0278) and general reserves - by 2.1% (p=0.0279).

Administration of BioChaga and BioDihydroquercetin reduces influence of risk factors for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases; improves quality of life indicators.

The positive effect of BioChaga and BioDihydroquercetin in patients with diabetes mellitus was associated with a decrease in blood sugar by 15-30%, and BioDihydroquercetin - with an increase in tissue sensitivity to glucose, and a decrease in vascular complications of diabetes mellitus. For oncological patients, BioChaga and BioDihydroquercetin are effective due to a pronounced detoxifying and protective effect.

Conclusion. BioChaga and BioDihydroquercetin are natural products with proven high antioxidant, antiradical, anti-inflammatory activity. The risk factors for accelerated aging and «diseases of civilization» according to the redox theory of aging are the same. Administration of natural antioxidants BioChaga and BioDihydroquercetin is associated with a decrease in the influence of risk factors for cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, oncological diseases, diabetes mellitus, which are characteristic of «diseases of civilization»and age-associated diseases.

Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):35-39
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Dopolnitel'nyy oplachivaemyy otpusk

Kudryashev M.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):40-40
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Use of bioregulatory osteoprotectors in the elderly to reduce the drug load in diseases of the musculoskeletal system

Elistratov D.G.


By the example of the use of bioregulatory nutraceutical «Osteomed Forte» shows the possibility of reducing the drug load on the body in the treatment of comorbid pathologies of the elderly-osteoporosis, sarcopenia, arthritis, arthrosis, periodontitis, etc.

Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):41-45
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Semashko N.A.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):47-47
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Nadbavka za meditsinskiy stazh pri rabote v apteke

Voronova E.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):48-48
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The relationship between professional activity and family life satisfaction among female medical school teachers

Atiunina P.K., Ostrovskaya I.V.


The article is devoted to the results of the study of the relationship between professional activity and family life satisfaction of female teachers of medical institutes. The study examined: career satisfaction, satisfaction with family life, as well as satisfaction from combining professional activity and family life among female teachers of the RUDN Medical Institute. The paper describes the trends towards changing the relationship between professional activity and family life, factors contributing to the violation of the relationship between professional activity and family life, as well as the features of a teaching career at a medical institute.

Meditsinskaya sestra. 2022;24(3):49-53
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