Description of the modern combat acoustic trauma

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Abstract

A study was conducted to analyze the characteristics of combat acoustic trauma in modern armed conflicts and the experience of providing medical care for this pathology. The urgency of the problem of specialized otorhinolaryngological care in case of combat acoustic trauma is associated with an increase in the proportion of such victims in the overall structure of sanitary losses and the importance of the auditory analyzer for the professional activities of military personnel. During the hostilities in the North Caucasus (1999-2002), combat acoustic trauma accounted for 42.9% of all sanitary losses of the ENT profile. There was a predominance of mine - explosive wounds and an increase in the number of combined injuries of the ENT organs, an increase in the number of concussion lesions, and above all, contusion of the ear with rupture of the tympanic membrane. The information obtained is the fundamental source data for the application of computational and analytical methods for determining the need for appropriate forces and means of medical service, including personnel of otolaryngology surgery specialists.

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