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Vol 331, No 4 (2010)


Directions of improvement of psycho-physiological supply of professional activity of specialists of manipulation of spacecrafts

Belevitin A.B., Tsygan V.N., Blaginin A.A., Kotov O.V., Tayanovsky V.Y.


Were determined components of systems of guarantee of security of activity of specialists of manipulation of spacecrafts (SC): abidance by general organizational-methodological rules and principles of work, excluding violations in organization of duty, preventing of nonfulfillment and failure of sessions of control by SC, determination and deleting negative factors of operative activity, guarantee of safety of system «man-mechanism-environment». Were determined peculiarities of activity of specialists of manipulation of spacecrafts, their professionally important qualities, which had to be considered in effectuating of professional psycho-selection. Were shown regularities of changes in functional state and professional working capacity of operators of command-measured complexes during daily duty and during cycle of a year. Was made a conclusion about necessity of improvement of system of psychophysiological accompaniment of activity of specialists of manipulation of SC.

Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):4-6
pages 4-6 views

Mental disorders at hypertensive illness at military men of young age (analysis of a condition of a problem)

Belevitin A.B., Nikitin A.E., Shamrey V.K., Kurasov E.S.


The review of the modern literature on the mental disorders arising at hypertensive illness at military men of young age is spent. The basic clinical forms of themental pathology Arising at different stages of hypertensive illness are investigated. Neuroendocrinological, neuromediatorical, neurophysiological, immunological and behavioural mechanisms of infringements of anxiety, depressive disorders and an arterial hypertensia at persons of young age are shown, them reciprocal mutual relations, influence on a current and the forecast of main illness.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):7-12
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Frequency and character of violations of cardiac rhythm according to data of intraday monitoring among healthy military servicemen of young age

Kuchmin A.N., Golius O.A., Shustov S.B., Kitsyshin V.P.


For investigation of character and frequency of detection of violations of rhythm and conductivity there was effectuated monitoring of ECG using Holter monitor. In investigation were included 238 military servicemen of young age (23-35 years old), situated in similar conditions of life, chosen according to practical health. Normative indexes of daily variation of arrhythmia were determined using method of non-parametric analyze of qualitative data. On the base of this method, acceptable for using in elaboration of normative values of physiological indexes, the norm could be called isolated cases of ectopic complexes of 5 ventricular and of 24 supraventricular extrasystoles (SVE) for a day. Venticular extrasystoles (VE) are monotypic, SVE could be polytypic, also could be singular paired complexes. Also could be combination of VE and SVE. Other, more complicated violations of rhythm could be referred either to pathological evidence or to premorbid conditions. Violations of conductivity should be absent in norm.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):13-19
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Endothelial dysfunction on initial stages of arterial hypertension among men of young age and it’s connection with vascular risk factors

Shmorgun T.S., Bovtyushko P.V., Shakhnovich P.O., Nikitin A.E., Filippov A.E., Zubenko A.I.


Frequency of display endothelial dysfunction, arising on the initial stages of development arterial hypertension is investigated, depending on vascular risk factors. The main group was made by 86 men with arterial hypertension I-II stage, group of the control - practically healthy 50 men. Vasomotor endothelial function defined on a degree of vasodilatation a humeral artery in reply to reactive hyperemia. Damage signs of endothelial monolayer estimated by quantity of free circulating endothelial blue blood cells. It is established, that the simultaneous combination of functional or structural vascular infringements among persons with normal blood pressure was registered in 3 times less often in comparison to patients with an arterial hypertension (p<0,01). At the main group at a simultaneous combination inadequate vasodilatation and endotheliaemia occurrence risk factors in 1,5 times is higher, than at their isolated display (p>0,05).
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):20-26
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Modern approaches to diagnostics and treatment of influenza in pandemic period

Shubin I.V., Raicheva M.V., Bashtovoy M.A., Chuchalin A.G.


Clinical displays of influenza and influenzal pneumonia, and also main principles antiviral and antibacterial therapy with use Ingavirin® are described.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):27-32
pages 27-32 views

Sportsmanship and physical preparedness of junior physicians to work in extreme conditions

Timofeev D.A., Madzigon L.K.


Were examined characteristics of physical development and preparedness of physicians with different value of successfulness of activity in extreme conditions for the period of their first specialization in internship training. Was shown that to the end of study physiological resources of physicians decrease, it could have negative consequences on their activity in extreme conditions. Was made a conclusion that it’s necessary to add lessons of physical preparedness, when the main attention would be paid to development of force qualities.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):33-34
pages 33-34 views

Capabilities of telemedicine in conditions of selfcontained shipping

Soroka A.K., Sementsov V.K., Apollonov A.A.


Was analyzed a capability of effectuating of telemedicine between a ship in automized navigation and specialists of board medical service using different variants of technical supporting and communication channels. During trial session of telemedicine was effectuated flbergastroduodenoscopy in operation room of cruiser, situated near a quay. Then session was effectuated when the ship was in sea. Was made a conclusion that effectuating sessions of telemedicine of physicians of board medical service and physicians of a ship in automized navigation is capable and advisable, but variants of technical realization need a development.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):35-37
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Condition and perspectives of development of vehicle-park of medical evacuation in the Armed Forces

Petrovsky G.V., Gamaliy V.N., Varfolomeev V.A., Pozdnyakov A.V., Stremedlovsky N.V., Tushnova L.K., Kiselev N.V.


The article presents an observe of vehicles of medical evacuation (VME), existing in medical service of the Armed Forces of RF, intended for transporting of ill and wounded persons with delivery of emergency care in passing. Were presented perspective examples of CMV «Aybolit» and VME of middle and grand evacocapacity, pertained to elaboration. There was made a conclusion that the new generation of VME on chassis of the army all-wheel-drive vehicles, having an armor defense (complex of local defense), system of smooth transporting and loading-unloading system, permits solve questions of evacuation of ill and wounded persons from battle field more effectively.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):38-45
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Brief reports

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Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):46-60
pages 46-60 views

From the foreign medical publications

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Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):61-64
pages 61-64 views

Medical service of the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War

Belevitin A.B., Shelepov A.M., Kryuchkov O.A.


The article presents an analyze of contribution of military medicine in victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945. Nevertheless big difficulties the medical service has effectuated deployment of network of medical units and institutes, organization of effective work of delivery of medical care on frontline and in rear of country. For the first time in the history of official military-medical service, it transformed from service of regard for ill and wounded persons in service of securing by men resources of active army. Experience of medical securing is as well actual nowday, as years ago. In a big quantity of questions the service saves it’s practical value in complex solving of questions of modern military medicine.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):65-70
pages 65-70 views

The Main Military Hospital during the Great Patriotic War

Maksimov I.B., Kazakov S.P., Ovchinnikova M.B.


Was characterized activity of the Central Military Clinical Hospital by Burdenko N.N. during the Great Patriotic War. From the first days work of the hospital was reorganized in dependence of needs of war time. More then 50% of physicians went in army, leading specialists were established main surgeons and therapeutics of fronts and armies. During the war efforts of collective were aimed on the main purpose - return life and health to the biggest number of patients, and the hospital pulled off this mission. During the war were treated more then 74 000 of ill and wounded persons, 82% of them were returned in troops.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):71-78
pages 71-78 views

From memories about war

Spivak B.A.


The article presents publication of memories of a military physician Spivak B.A., finished the First Kiev medical institute in 1941. The author held rank: from august 1941 - chief of sanitary service of a separated battalion, april 1942 - juin 1945 - chief of operation-bandaging unit of 246 SMSB SD. After war served in military treatment institutes on ranks of surgical profile, finished the military service in the rank of chief of surgical unit of Kovel garrison hospital in 1964.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):79-85
pages 79-85 views

The 90th anniversary of the 662nd center of securing by medical technique and substance

Levchenko V.N., Lemeshko A.L., Kolesova E.A.


The leading institute of medical supply of the Armed Forces of RF - the 662 nd center of securing by medical technique and substance (the Ministry of Defense) -celebrates the 90 th anniversary. Among multitude of task of the center, the main, as 90 years ago, is receipt of property, preventing supplies of not qualified production from the world pharmaceutical market in the Armed Forces of RF, securing of safety and creation of optimal conditions for keeping of all groups of medical agents, well-timed delivery of medical property in troops.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):86-89
pages 86-89 views

«Diaries of the surgeon» of V.A.Oppel - a monument of military-medical thought

Poddubny M.V.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):90-92
pages 90-92 views

Official communications

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Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):93-95
pages 93-95 views

Doctrine, showing the realias of life

Zlain A.I.
Voenno-medicinskij žurnal. 2010;331(4):95-96
pages 95-96 views

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