Main features of the historical metallogeny of niobium

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Abstract


The analysis of niobium metallogeny during the whole geological history was conducted on the basis of data on 45 largest niobium deposits distributed globally. All of them belong to one of three metallogenic types: alkaligranitic, foidic or carbonatitic. The distribution of their resources on the scale of geological time is distinctly discrete. The deposits were formed from the Middle Paleoproterozoic to the Cenozoic. The Rodinian, Pangean and Amasian supercontinent cycles are the most productive ones in terms of accumulated niobium resources. These three cycles stand out in a leading role of the deposits related to carbonatite complexes.


About the authors

A. V. Tkachev

Vernadsky State Geological Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: a.tkachev@sgm.ru

Russian Federation, 11/11, Mokhovaya street, Moscow, 125009

D. V. Rundqvist

Vernadsky State Geological Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: a.tkachev@sgm.ru

Russian Federation, 11/11, Mokhovaya street, Moscow, 125009

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences

N. A. Vishnevskaya

Vernadsky State Geological Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: a.tkachev@sgm.ru

Russian Federation, 11/11, Mokhovaya street, Moscow, 125009

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