There were considered and presented the modern common principles of classification, methods of clinical and instrumental diagnostics, conservative and surgical treatment of patients with back pain. There are given data on the use of botulinum toxin, combination of QX-314 (a derivative of lidocaine) and capsaicin when lumbar pain occurs, also there are described modern methods of surgical treatment.

About the authors

Rashid A Altunbaev

Kazan state medical university

420012, Kazan, Butlerov street, 49
department of neurology and rehabilitation

Olga S Khayrutdinova

Kazan state medical university

420012, Kazan, Butlerov street, 49
department of neurology and rehabilitation


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