Clinical diagnostics in psychiatry — empirical and theoretical levels of knowledge (on the example of analysis of a written text). Part 1

Cover Page
Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Abstract


The paper shows correlation of empirical and theoretical levels of knowledge in psychiatry by analyzing a single text written by a patient. The patient’s text is analyzed three times. The first analysis performed by a linguist demonstrates how informative for a clinician can be an attentive attitude to the patient’s Word. The second analysis is a standard procedure for psychiatric phenomenological diagnostics. It is shown that the formulation of a clinical diagnosis from epistemological positions is equivalent to establishing a scientific fact (completion of empirical research): there is no theoretical modeling of pathological processes in psychiatry today; it all ends at the stage of recognizing the symptoms, without any attempt to understand them. The third analysis demonstrates the advantages in understanding pathological mechanisms provided by the explanatory model (interpretation of the text from the perspective of the bipersonal model of personality).


Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

Elena N. Davtian

Russian State Pedagogical University named after A.I. Herzen; St.-Petersburg City Psycho-Neurology Dispensary №5

Author for correspondence.
Email: elena.davtian@gmail.com

Russian Federation, 191186, St.-Petersburg, Moika river emb., 48; 195176, St.-Petersburg, Revolution highway, 17

Stepan E. Davtian

St.-Petersburg State University

Email: stepandavtian@gmail.com

Russian Federation, 199106, St.-Petersburg, Vasiljevsky island, 21-st line, 8а

Elena V. Uryson

Russian Language Institute named after V.V. Vinogradov of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: uryson@gmail.com

Russian Federation, 119019, Moscow, Volhonka str., 18/2

References

  1. Ортега-и-Гассет Х. Эстетика. Философия культуры. Вступ. ст. Г.М. Фридлендера; сост. В.Е. Багно. М.: Искусство. 1991; 588 с. [Ortega-i-Gasset Kh. Ehstetika. Filosofiya kulʹtury. Vstup. st. G.M. Fridlendera; sost. V.E. Bagno. Moscow: Iskusstvo. 1991; 588 p. (In Russ.)]
  2. Апресян Ю.Д. Лексическая семантика. М.: ЯСК. 1995; 231 с. [Apresyan Yu.D. Leksicheskaya semantika. Moscow: YASK. 1995; 231 p. (In Russ.)]
  3. Урысон Е.В. Проблемы исследования языковой картины мира: аналогия в семантике. М.: ЯСК. 2011; 223 с. [Uryson E.V. Problemy issledovaniya yazykovoy kartiny mira: analogiya v semantike. Moscow: YASK. 2011; 223 p. (In Russ.)]
  4. Международная классификация болезней (10-й пересмотр). Классификация психических и поведенческих расстройств. Клинические описания и указания по диагностике. Под ред. Ю.Л. Нуллера, С.Ю. Циркина. Спб: АДИС. 1994; 304 с. [Mezhdunarodnaya klassifikatsiya bolezney (10-y peresmotr). Klassifikatsiya psikhicheskikh i povedencheskikh rasstroystv. Klinicheskie opisaniya i ukazaniya po diagnostike. Pod red. Yu.L. Nullera, S.Yu. Tsirkina. St.-Petersburg: ADIS. 1994; 304 p. (In Russ.)]

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 74

PDF (Russian) - 6

Cited-By


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

PlumX

Dimensions

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Davtian E.N., Davtian S.E., Uryson E.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies