Traits of growth of various species of medicinal plants of the genus Aloe in greenhouse and the accumulation of phenolic compounds in them

Cite item

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


The growth of ten species of the genus Aloe (A. variegata, A. isaloensis, A. dorotheae, A. striata, A. immaculata, A. congolensis, A. deltoideodonta, A. vera, A. arborescens, and A. pluridens) grown in greenhouses, as well as morphometric parameters and the total content of phenolic compounds in their leaves, were studied. The investigated species are characterized by significant differences in the height of plants and the square of their leaves. A. arborescens and A. vera were the tallest plants, while A.immaculata was the lowest. With the ontogenetic development, the leaf area in all species increased and in the adult state was 1.5 - 3 times higher than that in young ones. A. vera had the highest scores, and the smallest ones are in A. isaloensis. Determination of the total content of phenolic compounds showed a higher level in leaves aged 1.5 year compared to the earlier stages of their ontogenesis (6 months), which is most expressed in A. congolensis. The lowest content of these secondary metabolites was observed in A. variegata, A. immaculata, A. striata. A. arborescens, A. pluridens, A. vera and A. dorotheae it was 2-3 times higher. The highest total content of phenolic compounds is typical for A. deltoideodonta (independently of leaf age), A. isaloensis and A. congolensis. All this indicates significant differences in the accumulation of phenolic compounds in the leaves of various Aloe species and the dependence of this process on the ontogenetic phase of their development.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

N. V Zagoskina

K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology Russian Academy of Sciences

Dr.Sc. (Biol.), Professor Moscow

P. V Lapshin

K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology Russian Academy of Sciences

Ph.D. (Biol.), Senior Research Scientist Moscow

L. V Nazarenko

Moscow City University; Institute of Natural Sciences and Sports Technologies

Ph.D. (Biol.), Associate Professor Moscow

N. N Sazhina

Institute of Biochemical Physics named after N. M. Emanuel, Russian Academy of Sciences

Ph.D. (Biol.), Senior Research Scientist Moscow


  1. Богоявленский А.П., Алексюк П.Г., Турмагамбетова А.С., Березин В.Э. Актуальные проблемы стандартизации фитопрепаратов и растительного сырья для их производства. Фундаментальные исследования. 2013; 6-5: 1184-1187.
  2. Wagner H. Natural products chemistry and phytomedicine in the 21-st century: New developments and challenges. Pure and Applied Chemistry. 2005; 77: 1-6.
  3. Sazhina N.N., Lapshin P.V., Zagoskina N.V. Biologically active compounds search among Aloe spp. Temperate horticulture for sustainable development and environment: ecological aspects. Eds. Weisfeld L.I., Opalko A.I., Bekuzarova S.A. Canada: Apple Academic Press, 2019: 163-176.
  4. Newton L.E. Aloes in habitat. Eds. Reynolds T. Aloes: The genus Aloe. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 2004: 3-14.
  5. Maharjan R., Laxmipriya N.P. Evaluation of biological properties and clinical effectiveness of Aloe vera: a systematic review. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine. 2015; 5: 21-26.
  6. Оленников Д.Н., Зилфикаров И.Н., Ибрагимов Т.А. Химический состав сока алоэ древовидного (Aloe arborescens Mill.) и его антиоксидантная активность (in vitro). Химия растительного сырья. 2010; 3: 83-90.
  7. Cock I.E. Problems of reproducibility and efficacy of bioassays using crude extracts, with reference to Aloe vera. Pharmacognosy Communications. 2011;1: 52-62.
  8. Cardarelli M., Rouphael Y., Pellizzoni M., Colla G., Lucini L. Profile of bioactive secondary metabolites and antioxidant capacity of leaf exudates from eighteen Aloe species. Industrial Crops and Products. 2017;108: 44-51.
  9. Тараховский Ю.С., Ким Ю.А., Абдрасилов Б.С., Музафаров Е.Н. Флавоноиды: биохимия, биофизика, медицина. Пущино: Sуnchrobook, 2013; 310 c.
  10. Рогожин В.В., Рогожина Т.В. Практикум по физиологии и биохимии растений. СПб.: Гиорд, 2013; 352 с.
  11. Лапшин П.В., Назаренко Л.В., Загоскина Н.В. Содержание фенольных соединений в листьях Anacampseros filamentosa и ее красноокрашенной формы. Естественные и технические науки. 2018; 12 (126); 47-49.
  12. Николаева Т.Н., Лапшин П.В., Нечаева Т.Л., Загоскина Н.В. Способ определения суммарного содержания фенольных соединений в растительных объектах (№ 270087; 2019).
  13. Стасик О.О., Киризий Д.А., Прядкина Г.А. Фотосинтез и проблемы повышения продуктивности растений. Физиология растений и генетика. 2013; 45: 501-516.
  14. Запрометов М.Н., Николаева Т.Н. Способность изолированных хлоропласте® из листьев фасоли осуществлять биосинтез фенольных соединений. Физиология растений. 2003; 50: 699-702.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies