Segmental anatomic brainstem structures involved in the development of headache


The review provides information on anatomic and physiological characteristics of nervous structures involved in the development of headache. Particular attention is given to the trigeminal complex, structural and functional organization of its peripheral and central components. The connections between trigeminal nuclei and several brainstem structures in aspect of their involvement in the pathogenesis of cephalalgia are examined. The general properties of neurons of the trigemino-cervical complex and afferent fibers of the trigeminal nerve branches are characterized.

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