Toxicology of carbon nanostructures


Rapid advances in nanotechnology will inevitably raises as one of the most important problems the problem of studying the effect on humans and the environment as the production itself and its products. This problem has long been solved for the «ordinary» substances, but for nanoparticles these recommendations have not yet exist, it is not even a single approach to solving this problem. So far today studies of the dangers of nanotech products are on a «case on the case". A special place among other nanoparticles of carbon nanostructures occupy nanostructures as a whole, and fullerenes, in particular. In earlier studies it was showed that the biological effects of fullerenes depend on the form of administration, the degree of aggregation of its molecules. Therefore we can not talk about the toxicity of the fullerene as a substance, it is necessary to study its various water-soluble forms. Studies on the effects of complex C60/PVP in vivo in mice and rats with intraperitoneal introduction showed the full lack of any toxic effects of the fullerene itself. Moreover, there was even //s protective action that may be associated with antioxidant properties of the fullerene C60.


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