Cytoplasmic incompatability in Drosophila melanogaster due to different Wolbachia genotypes

Abstract


Wolbachia is an endosymbiont prevalent among different arthropoda and in some Nematoda species. The bacteria ads across the populations of host species via induction of reproductive abnormalities: cytoplasmic incompatability, parthenogenesis, feminization, and male killing. we estimated the level of cytoplasmic incompatability in Drosophila melanogaster caused by three most prevalent Wolbachia genotypes, namely wmel, wmelCS и wmelCS2. wmel and wmelCS genotypes were shown to cause mild cytoplasmic incompatibility (< 10 %), while wmelCS Wolbachia were unable to do so. Possible mechanisms of sustainability of Wolbachia in the populations of Drosophila melanogaster are discussed.

Yury Y Ilinsky

Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Oblast, RF

Email: paulee@bionet.nsc.ru 630090, Novosibirsk, Lavrentyeva pr., 10. Russia

Ilya K Zakharov

Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Oblast, RF

Email: zakharov@bionet.nsc.ru 630090, Novosibirsk, Lavrentyeva pr., 10. Russia

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