DNA metylation as one of the main mechanisms of gene activity regulation

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 DNA methylation is one of the main mechanisms of epigenetic inheritance in eukaryotes. In this review we looked through the ways of 5-methylcytosin origin, it's distribution in genome, the mechanism of gene repression via hypermetilation, the role of metylation in genomic imprinting and in X-chromosome inactivation, in embryogenesis of mammals, in the processes of oncogenesis and in etiology of some common human inherited diseases

About the authors

Anna A Pendina

D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology , Saint-Petersburg, RF

Email: pendina@mail.ru

Vera V Grinkevich

Saint-Petersburg State University., Saint-Petersburg, RF

Tatyana V Kuznetsova

D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology , Saint-Petersburg, RF

Email: tkuznetzova@mail.ru

Vladislav S Baranov

D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology , Saint-Petersburg, RF

Email: baranov@vb2475.spb.edu


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