Developmental genetics and symbiotic potential of cyanobacteria

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Abstract


Many cyanobacteria can differentiate specialized cells – heterocysts that fix nitrogen aerobically, akinetes able to survive under unfavorable conditions, and hormogonia providing a means of dispersal. Of great importance for evolution of the biosphere was the ability of cyanobacteria to establish symbioses with eukaryotic organisms that was a prerequisite for the emergence of chloroplasts. This review describes the genes and regulatory systems that control differentiation of specialized cells and the ability of cyanobacteria to establish symbiotic associations with a variety of hosts.

About the authors

Ivan Ya Khudyakov

All-Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology, Saint-Petersburg, RF

Email: iykhudyakov@yandex.ru

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