Mechanism of neurodevelopment of children with hearing deprivation

Cover Page


100 children with sensorineural hearing loss, who had confirmed hearing impairment, were examined by routine somatoneurological and surdological survey, as well as standard psychomotor development scales (Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST), Griffiths Mental Development Scales (GMDS, GMDS-ER) in the city rehabilitation center for children with hearing and speech pathology. Criterion for inclusion in the study were the following: post-conceptual age of the child had to be not more than 36 months at the time of observation; bilateral or unilateral chronic sensorineural hearing loss or deafness and/or the presence of auditory neuropathy, confirmed by objective methods with modern audiological examinations for the core group; the absence of hearing loss, set by the modern objective methods of audiological examination for the comparison group; assessment of psychomotor and speech development of a child with at least two scales from the selection below. The survey results were analyzed using nonparametric statistical methods. Next Bayesian networks were used as efficient, compact, and intuitive way to represent knowledge related to uncertainty. Patterns of mental development, motor skills, speech and social functions in children with hearing impairment were obtained. The technique, which, depending on the factors affecting the trait under study, can help to predict with certainty the likelihood of various normal and deviant development of the child.

Diana S Yuryeva

Author for correspondence.
St Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychoneurology AF and DPO

Alexander B Palchik
St Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation

M.D., PhD, Dr Med Sci, Psychoneurology Department

Zafar M Yuldashev
Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”
Russian Federation

Dr. Sc. Professor, Head of Department Biotechnical Systems

Gleb A Mashevskiy
Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”
Russian Federation

PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Biotechnical Systems

Anna V Ulyanova
Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”
Russian Federation

student, Department of Biotechnical Systems

Yulia V Sablina
Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”
Russian Federation

bachelor, student, Department of Biotechnical Systems

  • Бреже М. Электрическая активность нервной системы. – М.: Мир, 1979. [Brezier M. Electrical activity of the nervous system. Moscow: Mir; 1979. (In Russ.)]
  • Вартанян И.А., Ратникова Г.И. Локализация частот и временная суммация в слуховых центрах среднего мозга // Пробл. физиол. акустики. – 1966. – № 6. – С. 63. [Vartanjan IA, Ratnikova GI. Localization frequencies and temporal summation in the auditory centers of the midbrain. Probl. fiziol. akustiki. 1966;(6):63. (In Russ.)]
  • Гублер Е.В. Информатика в патологии, клинической медицине и педиатрии. – Л.: Медицина, 1990. – С. 176. [Gubler EV. Informatics in pathology, clinical medicine and pediatrics. Leningrad: Medicina; 1990. P. 176. (In Russ.)]
  • Пальчик А.Б. Основные принципы неврологии развития // Педиатр. – 2011. – Т. 2. – № 3. – С. 90–97. [Pal’chik AB. Basic principles of the developmental neurology. Pediatr. 2011;2(3):90-97. (In Russ.)]
  • Пальчик А.Б., Евстафеева И.В. Концепция оптимальности в перинатологии: понятийные границы и диагностическая ценность // Педиатр. – 2011. – Т. 2. – № 4. – С. 3–7. [Pal’chik AB, Evstafeeva IV. Conception of optimality in perinatology: conceptual boundaries and diagnostic value. Pediatr. 2011;2(4):3-7. (In Russ.)]
  • Таварткиладзе Г.А., Загорянская М.Е., Гвелесиани Т.Г., и др. Единая система аудиологического скрининга: Методические рекомендации. – М., 1996. [Tavartkiladze GA, Zagorjanskaja ME, Gvelesiani TG, et al. Unified system of hearing screening: Guidelines. Moscow; 1996. (In Russ.)]
  • Юрьева Д.С., Пальчик А.Б. Особенности психомоторного развития у детей с депривацией слуха // Обозрение психиатрии и медицинской психологии им В.И. Бехтерева. – 2015. – № 2. – С. 1–95. [Jur’eva DS, Pal’chik AB. Psychomotor development in children with hearing deprivation. Obozrenie psihiatrii i medicinskoj psihologii im V.I.Behtereva. 2015;(2):1-95. (In Russ.)]
  • Юрьева Д.С., Пальчик А.Б. Факторы, влияющие на психомоторное развитие детей с тугоухостью // Якутский медицинский журнал. – 2016. – Т 53. – № 1. – С. 17–20. [Jur’eva DS, Pal’chik AB. Faktory, vlijajushhie na psihomotornoe razvitie detej s tugouhost’ju. Factors influencing the psychomotor development of children with hearing loss. Jakutskij medicinskij zhurnal. 2016;53(1):17-20. (In Russ.)]
  • Heckerman D, Holmes Dawn E, Jain Lakhmi C, eds. A tutorial on learning with Bayesian networks. In: Innovations in Bayesian Networks. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag; 2008. P. 33-82.
  • Lucas PJ, de Bruijn NC, Schurink K, Hoepelman A. A probabilistic and decision-theoretic approach to the management of infectious disease at the ICU. Artif Intell Med. 2000;19(3):251-79.
  • Piper MC, Darrah J. Motor Assessment of the Developing Infant. Philadelphia PA: WB Saunders; 1994.
  • Soorani-Lunsing I, Woltil HA, Hadders Algra M. Are moderate degrees of hyperbilirubinemia in healthy term neonates really safe for the brain? Pediatr Res. 2001;50:701-5.
  • Theiss S, Rose G, Schwarz S, et al. Predicting acute neurological diseases with Bayesian networks.10th International Conference on Intelligent Systems Design and Applications (ISDA). 2010:121-125.
  • Newman TB, Liljestrand P, Jeremy RJ, et al. Outcomes among Newborns with Total Serum Bilirubin Levels of 25 mg per Deciliter or More. N Engl J Med. 2006;354:1889-190.
  • Yuryeva DS, Palchik АB. Neurodevelopment features in children with hearing deprivation (Preliminary report). 2nd Pan-Slavic congress of child neurology: Abstracts. Yekaterinburg, Russia. 2014:111-112.
  • Yuryeva DS, Palchik AB. Comparative assessment of neurodevelopment in children with hearing deprivation. 10th International Congress New Developments in the Assessment of Early Brain Damage: Abstracts. Bled, Slovenia. 2014: poster presentation.
  • Xiang Y, Pant B, Eiseny A, et al. Multiply sectioned Bayesian networks for neuromuscular diagnosis. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine. 1993;5(4):293-314.
  • Информационная справка к Международному дню инвалида о реализации прав и социальных гарантий инвалидов в Санкт-Петербурге в 2015 году. Доступно по: Ссылка активна на 18.07.2016.
  • Griffiths Mental Development Scales — Revised: Birth to 2 years (GMDS0-2). Доступно по: Ссылка активна на 18.07.2016.
  • Griffiths Mental Development Scales — Extended Revised: 2 to 8 years (GMDS-ER2-8). Доступно по: Ссылка активна на 18.07.2016.
  • Denver Developmental Materials. Доступно по: Ссылка активна на 18.07.2016.


Abstract - 91

PDF (Russian) - 92

Copyright (c) 2017 Yuryeva D.S., Palchik A.B., Yuldashev Z.M., Mashevskiy G.A., Ulyanova A.V., Sablina Y.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.