The Differentiated Directions of Psychological Correction in Families with Children with Asthma

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The current article analyzes the parental defensive styles, codes and types of upbringing in families with children diagnosed with asthma in comparison with families of healthy children. The study involved 80 families. Of these, 41 families with children with asthma (41 mothers and 37 fathers) and 39 families with children without chronic diseases (39 mothers and 38 fathers). It was revealed that the fathers of children with asthma differ in educational insecurity, and mothers have persistent educational stereotypes that interfere with effective interaction with the child. In mothers of children with asthma, non-adaptive protective styles predominate, and fathers distort, whereas in the parents of healthy children adaptive protective styles are expressed. With the cluster analysis, three groups of families with children with asthma are distinguished, differing in the level of effectiveness of family functioning. The conjugation of violations of family functioning and the severity of the asthma in a child was determined. Based on the data obtained, differentiated directions of psycho-correction for families with children with asthma are described, depending on the severity of the child's disease and the level of effectiveness of family functioning. A trial program of psychological correction was conducted, according to the described directions. The analysis of the results of the second study showed the effectiveness of the proposed program of psychological correction for families with children suffering from bronchial asthma.

Tatyana I. Nikolskaya

Author for correspondence.
FSBEI HE “Academician I.P. Pavlov First St Petersburg State Medical University” of the Ministry of Healthcare of Russia
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD., PhD, Associate Professor. Department of Pediatrics

Elena Yu. Galitsyna
LLC “German Family Clinic”
Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Department of Psychology

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