Content of some vitamins in the diet and blood serum of professional football players

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Abstract


Aim. This study evaluates the vitamin status of football players based on the data of actual nutrition and concentration of biomarkers in blood serum in the competition period of sports
activity.

Materials and Methods. The research involved 22 football players (men aged 24±5 years, body mass index – 22.9±0.2 kg/m2). Intake of С, В1, В2, РР, A vitamins and beta-carotene was evaluated using the 24-hour nutrition reproduction method. Concentrations of ascorbic acid, riboflavin, retinol, tocopherols, beta-carotene in blood serum were determined in fasting condition on the next day after a competition.

Results. A reduced intake of vitamin A and beta-carotene relative to the recommended level was found in 86.0% of examined individuals, and of vitamins В1, В2, РР, and C in 77.2, 68.1, 36.3 and 63.6%, respectively. A study of biomarkers of provision with vitamins showed a reduced
riboflavin concentration in blood serum relative to the norm (<5 ng/ml) and the optimal level
(<10 ng/ml) in 45.4% and 100% of the examined athletes, respectively. The beta-carotene level did not reach the optimal level (<21.5 µg/dl) in each second athlete, and there were no deficits of vitamin A and vitamins-antioxidants C and E. No statistically significant (Spearman) correlations were found between the individual intake parameters of В2, С, А vitamins, and beta-carotene and the respective biomarkers’ blood serum concentration. A positive relationship was found between the blood serum concentrations of ascorbic acid and beta-carotene (r=0.592, р=0.004).

Conclusion. The data obtained to justify the necessity to optimize the B vitamins and the beta-carotene status of football players in the period of competitions. The traditional approaches to the realization of this task, including enrichment of the diet with vitamin-mineral complexes, should rest on the results of the evaluation of the individual provision of an organism with
micronutrients and take into account the enhanced demand for group B vitamins in athletes
engaged in high-energy-consuming kinds of sports.


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About the authors

Radzhabkadie M. Radzhabkadiev

Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food

Author for correspondence.
Email: 89886999800@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3634-8354
SPIN-code: 3702-4280

Russian Federation, Moscow

Junior Researcher of the Laboratory of Sports Anthropology and Nutriology, Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Nina A. Beketova

Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food

Email: beketova@ion.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2810-2351
SPIN-code: 6604-6431
ResearcherId: G-9077-2012

Russian Federation, Moscow

PhD in Chemical Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Vitamins and Minerals Laboratory, Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Oksana A. Vrzhesinskaya

Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food

Email: vr.oksana@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8973-8153
SPIN-code: 2745-1454
ResearcherId: V-2557-2017

Russian Federation, Moscow

PhD in Biological Sciences, Leading Researcher of the Vitamins and Minerals Laboratory, Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Olga V. Kosheleva

Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food

Email: kosheleva@ion.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2391-9880
SPIN-code: 1667-2098
ResearcherId: G-9058-2012

Russian Federation, Moscow

Researcher of the Vitamins and Minerals Laboratory, Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Evelina E. Keshabyants

Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food

Email: evk1410@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9762-2647
SPIN-code: 1141-9666
ResearcherId: L-1533-2018

Russian Federation, Moscow

MD, PhD, Senior Researcher of the Laboratory of Nutrition Epidemiology and Alimentary-Dependent Diseases Genodiagnostics, Federal Research Centre of Nutrition and Biotechnology

Natalia N. Denisova

Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food

Email: denisova-55@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7664-2523
SPIN-code: 2696-2598
ResearcherId: L-1600-2018

Russian Federation, Moscow

MD, PhD, Researcher of the Laboratory of Nutrition Epidemiology and Alimentary-Dependent Diseases Genodiagnostics, Federal Research Centre of Nutrition and Biotechnology

Irina V. Kobelkova

Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food

Email: kobelkova@ion.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1237-5147
SPIN-code: 1190-1096
ResearcherId: Т-8462-2018

Russian Federation, Moscow

MD, PhD, Senior Researcher of the Sports Anthropology and Nutriology Laboratory, Federal Research Centre of Nutrition and Biotechnology

Kseniya V. Vybornaya

Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food

Email: dombim@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4010-6315
SPIN-code: 7063-9692

Russian Federation, Moscow

Junior Researcher of the Sports Anthropology and Nutriology Laboratory, Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Semyon V. Lavrinenko

Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food

Email: lavrinenko.sem@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5913-8341
SPIN-code: 7063-9692

Russian Federation, Moscow

Junior Researcher of the Sports Anthropology and Nutriology Laboratory, Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Nataliya V. Zhilinskaya

Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food

Email: tashenka13@inbox.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1596-1213
SPIN-code: 1690-5554
ResearcherId: R-8501-2016

Russian Federation, Moscow

PhD in Biological sciences, Head of the Vitamins and Minerals Laboratory, Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1.
Fig. 1. Intake of vitamins В1 (а), В2 (b), and РР (c) in terms of caloric content of the diet

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2.
Fig. 2. Interrelation of consumption of vitamins А (а), В2 (b), and С (c) (horizontal axis) and of concentration of retinol, riboflavin, and ascorbic acid (vertical axis), respectively, in blood serum

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Copyright (c) 2021 Radzhabkadiev R.M., Beketova N.A., Vrzhesinskaya O.A., Kosheleva O.V., Keshabyants E.E., Denisova N.N., Kobelkova I.V., Vybornaya K.V., Lavrinenko S.V., Zhilinskaya N.V.



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