Nosocomial infections in ICU


Studied the sensitivity of 457 strains of hospital-mikroorgani zmov isolated from patients' ICU and intensive care "GKB number 1", to antibiotics disco-diffusion method. Strains of Acinetobacter spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa had a high resistance of most antibacterial agents, but were sensitive to netilmitsinu, meropenem, and polymixin B. In infections caused by representatives of the family Enterobacteriaceae, can be used for the treatment of carbapenems (meropenem and imipenem), cephalothin, and fluoroquinolones. Enterococcus spp. maintained 100% sensitivity to linezolid, in 64,7% - to ofloxacin, in 61,8% - to vancomycin and 54,3% - to ciprofloxacin. Staphylococcus aureus oksatsillinorezistentnye amounted to 72,6%, they are in 100% of cases were susceptible only to linezolid, in 96,7% - to fusidic acid and a new aminoglycoside antibiotics - netilmitsinu (79.3%) and amikacin (65.2%). Among the coagulase negative staphylococci were not allocated to the resistant strains glycopeptide antibiotics and cephalothin, oksatsillinoustoychivymi were 38,5% of cultures.


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