Vol 17, No 4 (2009)

Articles
KARIOMETRICHESKIE INDICATORS OF ACTIVITY IN HUMAN THYROID FOLLICLES IN THE ASPECT OF AGE AND GENDER
Ukhov Y.I., Kolobaev A.V., Voroninа R.K.
Abstract
The article shows kariometrii thyrocytes thyroid gland and its results are compared with the nature of the activity of follicles according to gender and age. Found that the average volume of nuclei of thyrocytes in the follicles "active" type with opposite-sex persons than the corresponding figures for follicular "inactive". At the same time and both men and women the maximum mean volume of nuclei is reached in the period 50 - 54 years.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):6-14
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Way of forecasting of life expectancy of patients mucinous ovarian cancer
Novichkov Y.V.
Abstract
The purpose of the present research work was revealing significant pathoanatomical, morphometrycal characteristics of a primary tumor at women suffering mucinous ovarian cancer with the subsequent development of algorithm of definition of life expectancy after radical treatment. It was used it operational a material of 72 patients mucinous ovarian cancer Ic, II and III clinical stages (FIGO, 2003) with relapse ovarian cancer. Morphometry changes were carried out by means of systems of analysis MpvBio (Leica GmbH, 1998) and Quantimet 500 C + QWin (Leica Cambridge Ltd., 1998). On the basis of the mathematical analysis of the received information matrix the cybernetic model allowing with high accuracy to expect life expectancy of the given category of oncological patients has been developed.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):15-18
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INFLUENCE OF DIPYRIDAMOLE AND ATP ON IMMUNOSUPRESSING PROPERTIES OF ERYTHROCYTES AND THROMBOCYTES IN EXPERIMENTAL NON - OBSTRACTIVE PYELONEPHRITIS
Siplivyi G.V., Lazarev A.I., Siplivaya L.E., Kukureka A.V.
Abstract
Investigations on 175 Wistar rats showed that thrombocytes of animals with non-obstructive pyelonephritis have possessed immunosupressing properties being increased on interaction with light erythrocytes and serum factors, accumulated in blood of rats with pyelonephritis. Introduction of dipyridamole and ATP blocked thromboerythrocyte chain of immunosuppression development in rats with pyelonephritis. Here, the pyridamole action was directed to thrombocyte - erythrocyte unit, and the ATP action - to light erythrocytes.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):19-23
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Electrophysiological studies mechanism of movements precision athletes
Poleschuk N.K., Kholmogorova N.V., Makarevsky A.B.
Abstract
We consider features precision control nelokomotornymi movements with emphasis on the accuracy of the joints as a procedural phenomenon, combining components: accuracy of measuring the articular angle, reproduction and differentiation. The main result is that found no unique relationship between the frequency-amplitude characteristics "Turnov" EMG anterior deltoid hands and goniometric indices of precision measuring and reproduction. Found explicit similarities in the dynamics of changes in the characteristics of EMG and statistics describing the accuracy of differentiation of the brachial articular angle. As a consequence of the established facts discussed that the precision movements are the result of simultaneous administration of separate components of the articular accuracy.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):24-29
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Nosocomial infections in ICU
Vorobyovа O.N., Kamaleeva M.F., Denisenko L.I., Doschitsina A.S., Dulepo S.A.
Abstract
Studied the sensitivity of 457 strains of hospital-mikroorgani zmov isolated from patients' ICU and intensive care "GKB number 1", to antibiotics disco-diffusion method. Strains of Acinetobacter spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa had a high resistance of most antibacterial agents, but were sensitive to netilmitsinu, meropenem, and polymixin B. In infections caused by representatives of the family Enterobacteriaceae, can be used for the treatment of carbapenems (meropenem and imipenem), cephalothin, and fluoroquinolones. Enterococcus spp. maintained 100% sensitivity to linezolid, in 64,7% - to ofloxacin, in 61,8% - to vancomycin and 54,3% - to ciprofloxacin. Staphylococcus aureus oksatsillinorezistentnye amounted to 72,6%, they are in 100% of cases were susceptible only to linezolid, in 96,7% - to fusidic acid and a new aminoglycoside antibiotics - netilmitsinu (79.3%) and amikacin (65.2%). Among the coagulase negative staphylococci were not allocated to the resistant strains glycopeptide antibiotics and cephalothin, oksatsillinoustoychivymi were 38,5% of cultures.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):30-36
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The influence of micelle forming process in nonionic surface active substances on diclofenak-sodium release rate from ointments
Gubanov O.D.
Abstract
The influence of the nonionic surface active substances (long-chain fatty alcohols) on the medicinal substances release rate has been studied on the pattern diclofenak-sodium ointments (1%). The increase of the surfactant quantity in the ointment has not been found to lead a direct increase of the diclofenak-sodium release rate. Two surfactant concentrations have been determined provoking the maximum diclofenak-sodium release rate they from the ointment. Liquid crystalline phase has been shown to form when surfactant concentration exceeded the second critical micelleformation concentration, diffusion through the phase being the lowest one.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):37-42
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Characteristics of reproductive-demographic processes in Tumenskaya area
Brynza N.S., Kicha D.I.
Abstract
In the article there is an analysis of the dynamics and tendency of birth rate, level and structure of perinatal and infant mortality as well as contraceptive behaviour of females in Tumenskaya area. Importance of monitoring of the above-mentioned indices for planning of medico-organizational and preventive measures for optimization of reproductive-demographic processes regarding regional characteristics is emphasized.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):43-47
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MEDICAL ATTENDANCE OF SERVICEMEN IN STATIONARY HOSPITALS FOR AIR-LANDING TROOPS
Grigoriev Y.I., Kuzmin I.A.
Abstract
The article deals with data concerning medical activities in the course of rendering medical assistance for servicemen in hospitals for Air-Landing Troops. Main indices of the work in the hospitals are analyzed. The structure of hospitalized patients according to contingents and inpatient departments are examined. The results of servicemen 'treatment are offered.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):48-50
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HYGIENIC ASPECTS OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION OF TEENAGERS IN MODERN CONDITIONS
Kazaeva O.V., Stuneeva G.I., Konovalov O.E.
Abstract
In this article results of investigations in conditions of initial professional education (machine-building profile), analysis of health condition and functional condition of teenagers in perspectives of successful education were represented.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):51-55
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Kliniko-organizational and mediko-social bases of increase of functional reserves of an organism of persons of dangerous trades (on an example of employees of law-enforcement bodies)
Kotenko K.V., Isaeva L.I., Konovalov O.E.
Abstract
In article kliniko-organizational and mediko-social bases of system of increase of functional reserves of an organism of persons of dangerous trades (on an example of employees of law-enforcement bodies) with донозологической the form of disease based on principles of regenerative medicine are presented. Keywords: employees of law-enforcement bodies, functional reserves of an organism, regenerative medicine.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):56-61
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EXPERIENCE OF REALIZATION OF PREVENTIVE ACTIONS WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE PRIORITY NATIONAL PROJECT «HEALTH» IN REGIONS (on an example of the Penza region)
Markov V.V., Chomirov S.S.
Abstract
In article are considered experience and ways of realisation of preventive actions within the limits of the national project «Health» the Penza region. The special attention is given problems of preventive maintenance within the limits of actions of the given project. Keywords: the national project, the preventive maintenance, a healthy way of life.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):62-65
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Influence of factors of the industrial environment and labour process on physiological parameters of a condition of an organism of workers
Nikitin A.S.
Abstract
By means of modern methods working conditions and a degree of influence of industrial factors on an organism of workers in shops with a heating up microclimate of the enterprise of mechanical engineering are studied. Data about research of functional parameters of the basic systems of an organism in dynamics of labour shifts, weeks are presented.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):66-73
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THE CHARACTERISTIC OF MEDICAL ACTIVITY AND KNOWLEDGE OF PREGNANT WOMEN WITH CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF KIDNEYS
Poteshonkova S.V., Kuligina M.V., Karneeva L.V.
Abstract
The characteristic of medical activity of pregnant women with chronic inflammatory diseases of kidneys before and during pregnancy is presented in the article. Dependence of medical knowledge of women (about available disease, methods of its preventive maintenance, diagnostics and treatment, influence on a current of pregnancy and health of newborn infants) and their medical activity is defined. The obtained data testifies to necessity of target informing of pregnant women from the moment of a capture on the account on pregnancy.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):74-79
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APPLICATION OF THE COMPLEX ANALISIS TO EVALUATE DYNAMICS OF THE INCIDENCE OF CANCER AMONG POPULATION OF THE RYAZAN REGION
Paramonova V.A.
Abstract
The investigation the incidence of cancer among population of the Ryazan region from 1998 till 2007 is conducted. The method of complex analysis has been applied to evaluate dynamics of the incidence of cancer. The growth of the incidence of cancer becomes perceptible in the Ryazan region. The increase of the incidence of cancer among the male population occurred due to the decrease of the population number. Among the female population the incidence of cancer growth is caused by the appearance of new risk factors or the intensification of existing risk factors.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):80-86
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Hyperuricemia as a component of metabolic syndrome
Solovjeva A.V., Rakita D.R.
Abstract
To study correlations between hyperuricemia and components of metabolic syndrome 87 females were investigated. More prominent changes in lipid and purin metabolism were found in patients with impaired fasting glycemia. Echocardiographic features of hypertrophy of left ventricle are more prominent in metabolic syndrome with impaired fasting glycemia and impaired tolerance to glucose. Uricemia correlates directly with all components of metabolic syndrome, and this correlation is stronger in females with impaired fasting glycemia and impaired tolerance to glucose. The results demonstrate importance of early diagnostic of carbohydrates metabolism disturbances.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):87-91
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POSSIBILITY OF ESTIMATIONOF OXIDIZING STRESS FOR PATIENTS BYDIABETES MELLITUS OF TYPE 2 BY METHODOF WEDGE-SHAPED DEHYDRATION
Scherbatuk T.G., Zanozina O.V., Borovkov N.N., Klincova E.S.
Abstract
Public educational institution of higher professional education « Nizhegorodskaya state medical academy» federal agenstva on a health protection and social development, Nizhniy Novgorod Resume: The article is devoted to clarification of possibility of method of wedge-shaped dehydration in the complex estimation of expressed of oxidizing stress for patients by diabetes mellitus of type 2. It is conducted complex estimation of oxidizing stress at 37 patients diabetes 2 types, including the method of wedge-shaped dehydration. The conducted cross-correlation analysis testified to meaningful intercommunication between some indexes of morphological picture of the dried up drop of whey of blood and to the indexes characterizing oxidizing stress for patients by diabetes mellitus of type 2. A conclusion is done that using the method of wedge-shaped dehydration, it is possible complex to estimate expressed of oxidizing stress and his stage for a concrete patient.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):92-97
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Clinico-MRI-morphometrical analysisof the subtentorial tumors
Biryukov A.N.
Abstract
The results of the clinicomorphometrical analysis of the subtentorial tumors in 82 patients are summed up in this article. The correlations between clinical manifestations and the grade of change of the brain anatomic pattern are described in detail.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):98-103
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PERSONALITY-RELATED DETERMINANTS OF ADAPTATIONS IN GAMBLERS
Sizonenko Е.V., Agibalova T.V., Breyun E.A.
Abstract
The research studies personality-related determinants of adaptation in gamblers. Models for the study of personality-related determinants of adaptation as avoidance of positive changes are developed. The research investigates systems of psychological defenses in gamblers. Developed algorithms of psychological counseling will allow prolonging remission period and preventing relapses in gamblers.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):104-107
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Psychodiagnostic description of patients' state with colorectal cancer of 3-4 stages during inpatient care
Yakovleva N.V., Semionkin E.I., Trushin S.N.
Abstract
In this study we've evaluated psychodiagnostic description of patients' state with colorectal cancer of 3-4 stages during inpatient care. We've used test of differentiated self-appraisal «CАН», Dembo-Rubinstein's test of self-appraisal , personal anxiety scale MAS, standardized interview Individual conception of state of health. We've discovered that patients, especially women, had anxiety-depression condition before an operation and after it. Women have more self-criticism to state of health, self-appraisal of health and happiness is lower, than in men. The most important factor of health preservation is family, but not financial position.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):108-113
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A.t. operations over the proliferation of destructive pulmonary tuberculosis
Giller D.B., Papkov A.V., Hiller G.V., Sadovnikova S.S., Volynkin A.V., Asanov B.M., Glotov A.A., Martel I.I.
Abstract
The article analyzed the results of surgical treatment of 515 patients operated on over the proliferation of destructive pulmonary tuberculosis. It was revealed that the original tactics and techniques mediastinal lymphadenectomy significantly improved the results of surgical treatment of advanced destructive tuberculosis.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):114-117
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SURGICAL TREATMENT OF WELL DIFFERENTIATED THYROID CANCER T1 - T2
Polyakov V.G., Aristarkhov V.G., Shilovа M.I.
Abstract
The article analyzed the results of surgical treatment vysokodiffrenetsirovannogo thyroid cancer. Shown that in highly differentiated thyroid cancer organ-saving operations are permissible in T1N0M0 - T2N0M0. Conducting organ operations were not significantly increases the recurrence of the disease. Appointment of high doses of thyroxine often causes negative effects of cardio - vascular system, and organ-preserving surgery can lower the dose suppressive and hormone replacement therapy. Quality of life in patients with highly differentiated cancer of T1 - T2 after surgery is inversely proportional to the amount of intervention and significantly higher in organ-saving operations. Survival rate of patients with highly differentiated thyroid cancer T1 - T2 does not depend on the volume of surgical intervention.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):118-122
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Retinopathy as a part of generalized microangiopathy
Savin V.A., Pokrovsky M.V., Novikov O.O., Novikova M.Y., Kiseleva T.S.
Abstract
The article is devoted to a problem of retinopathy - non-inflammatory retina's disorder. It is noted, that absence of full clinical finding of disease on initial stage leads to finding new approaches of diagnosing of earliest disorders. Different methods of diagnostic were used: direct ophtalmoscopy, reverse ophtalmoscopy, ophtalmochromoscopy, biomicroscopic test of conjunctiva's blood vessels.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):123-128
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Legal aspects of pharmaceutical economic safety
Kuznetsov D.A.
Abstract
In this article is considered the politico-legal component of pharmaceutical economic safety. From items of the theory of fuzzy sets major factors of a politico-legal component are studied, significances of weight coefficients are calculated, the methodological approach by a quantitative estimation and a matrix of support of politico-legal safety is offered.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):129-136
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The influence of some environmental factors on an accumulation of biologically active substances in the Amelanchier vulgaris
Laksaeva E.A., Sytchev I.A.
Abstract
In this work the research results of an influence of environmental factors on a chemical composition of the serviceberry fruits.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):137-142
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Biological activity of the vegetable polysaccharides
Sytchev I.A., Kalinkina O.V., Lacksaeva E.A.
Abstract
The polysaccharides of plants have the following, influence: on the antiinflammatory, antioxidation, and anticancer activity, These momolecules stimulate the processes of the hemopoesis activate the functions of the immune system both by infusion body healhy animals and animals whis with different sorts of patology.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):143-148
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Reconstructive surgery of Peyronie's disease
Karaguzhin S.G., Kovalev V.A., Koroleva S.V., Abdulhamidov A.N., Chomirov S.S.
Abstract
Peyronie's disease (PD) is an idiopathic localised fibrosis of penile tunica albuginea resulting in shortening of the involved area with consequent penile curvature and sexual dysfunction. Surgical treatment is indicated when patients fail conservative therapies, is stable, and causes difficulties with sexual intercourse. Reconstructive operation include shortening of the convex side, lengthening of the concave side and penile prosthesis. Analysis of the literature review indicates that it is necessary to conduct further research on the problems of surgical treatment of Peyronie's disease.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):149-154
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Primary and reconstruction combined and combine surgical tumor colon
Bublikov I.D., Kulikov E.P., Making A.P.
Abstract
The article analyzed the immediate results of combined operations on 138 large intestine, performed in the period from 1989 to 2000. Majority of patients had malignant tumors of the colon and rectum, ovaries, uterus with secondary lesions of various parts of the colon. During the intervention was removed from 2 to 6 bodies. Postoperative complications occurred in 38 (27.5 +3.8%) patients. After surgery, 5 patients died (3.6 +1.6%). The share of postoperative complications and mortality in the group of patients with stoma and in patients with primary restoration of intestinal continuity were not significantly different.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):155-161
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THE ROLE OF LOAN TRANSLATION IN THE MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
Kupova J.N., Kupov S.S.
Abstract
The given article is about the problem of the translation of medical terminology into Russian. We give the classification of modern Russian medical terminology from the point of etymology, and there is the comparative-contrastive analysis of the given medical terms. Such method of translation as loan translation is described in detail, and the reasonability of its usage during the translation of medical terminology from English into the Russian language is analyzed.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2009;17(4):162-163
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