Features of the quality of life of achievers with different levels of cognitive development

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Abstract


One of the urgent problems of medicine is the relationship between the main aspects of the quality of life and the cognitive abilities of primary school children. This problem also covers issues of pedagogy, psychology and social aspects of the life of the child population. The results of the study led to the conclusion about the main aspects of the quality of life (PedsQL 4.0 questionnaire), interrelated with the level of intellectual development (D. Wexler’s method modified by A.Yu. Panasyuk (1973)) and academic performance (questionnaire) of first-graders at the beginning and at the end school year. The material was processed using the Mann – Whitney U-test and the Wilcoxon W-test, for dependent and independent variables. A significant tendency towards a decrease in social and school functioning, psychosocial health, as well as emotional functioning at the end of the school year is shown, which indicates a decrease in adaptive mechanisms in younger students. The discrepancy between the level of IQ indicators and school performance of children was revealed. It was determined that children “doing well” at school had higher quality of life indicators. The most vulnerable for all the children studied was the psychosocial aspect of health. It was shown that in children with a high level of cognitive development, the emotional aspect of health decreased during the year, in primary school children with a low level of cognitive development, school functioning, and with an average, an increase in indicators of physical functioning. Given the identified features of the quality of life, which depend on the level of cognitive development, it is important to observe an individual approach to training, with the involvement of specialists from the psychological level.


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About the authors

Alexander A. Lebedenko

Rostov State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: leb.rost@rambler.ru

Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci Professor, Head of the Department of Childhood Diseases No. 2

Artyom M. Levchin

Rostov State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia

Email: temalg@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don

MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Children’s Diseases No. 2

Irina B. Ershova

Lugansk State Medical University named after St. Luke, Lugansk People’s Republic

Email: irina-ershova@mail.ru
Lugansk

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Professor, Head, Department of Pediatrics and Children’s Infections

Yulia V. Glusko

Lugansk State Medical University named after St. Luke, Lugansk People’s Republic

Email: 10kopee4ka01@mail.ru
Lugansk

MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics and Children’s Infections

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Copyright (c) 2020 Lebedenko A.A., Levchin A.M., Ershova I.B., Glusko Y.V.

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