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Vol 23, No 1 (2021)


Nurse’s «social portrait» as a part of «quality of life»-definition

Kaspruk L.I.


This paper shows the results of the evaluation of a sociological survey of nursing medical personnel in the region (Orenburg region) in the context of studying medical and social affiliation and their “quality of life”. The quality of medical care was also analyzed. Monitoring of the main indicators of «quality of life» was carried out, which revealed average values on the SF-36 scales slightly above the lower limit of the norm. The author has compiled a social and hygienic «portrait» of middle-level medical specialists as recipients of medical services.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):3-7
pages 3-7 views

The role of simulation training in the medical workers’ professional adaptation

Laptieva L.N., Matveychik T.V., Civis O.P.


Having started independent work, graduates of medical colleges (MC) experience a number of difficulties in the field of professional adaptation, many of which can be successfully solved during the period of obtaining basic education. The practice-oriented accents of the educational process in the MC, the use of active methods of obtaining manipulative skills, which include simulation training, contributes to the acquisition of practical experience of professional activity by students at the stage of theoretical and practical training, which favorably affects the adaptation of graduates to the first workplace in healthcare organizations.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):8-13
pages 8-13 views

Arterial hypertension in adolescents: analysis of risk factors, the role of a school nurse in prevention

Turchina Z.E., Fukalova N.V., Shageeva Y.N.


The article examines the prevalence of arterial hypertension in students in grades 9-11 of secondary school. The analysis of risk factors for the development of arterial hypertension is presented. The activity of the school nurse for the prevention of this disease is reflected. At the conclusion of this research, recommendations were developed in the form of booklets for adolescents and parents on the prevention of hypertension, including information on correcting nutrition, body weight, increasing stress resistance, physical activity, quitting Smoking, and measuring blood pressure.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):14-18
pages 14-18 views

Osobennosti raboty medpersonala bez zanyatiya shtatnoy dolzhnosti

Strantsova N.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):18-18
pages 18-18 views

Mitral valve prolapse in children: when opportunities create difficulties

Grigoriev K.I., Solovieva A.L.


The article is devoted to mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and its role in children and adolescents, in the population. Particular attention is paid to the evolution of MVP criteria, the use of algorithms that exclude its overdiagnosis, as well as a high frequency of complications. The interrelation of this pathology with connective tissue dysplasiaе and the inappropriateness of classifying the defect as a group of minor heart anomalies are emphasized. Primary MVP is an independent disease. There is no proven basis to consider it a marker or “affiliation” of systemic connective tissue dysfunction. The frequency of MVP complications is associated with the presence of severe regurgitation on the valve and, with the correct diagnostic criteria, is 4-10 times less than previously assumed. Attempts to assign MVP to the Minor Heart Anomalic group reflect a misinterpretation of echocardiography and understanding of valve anatomy. The tactics of treatment and prevention of MVP in pediatric practice have been substantiated.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):19-28
pages 19-28 views

The details of oral hygiene for patients in severe

Morozov A.M., Sergeev A.N., Morozova A.D., Novikova N.S., Kuzmina T.N.


In recent decades, there has been an increase in the number of patients in serious condition, who receive palliative and medical and social care around the world. Patients in serious condition are limited in basic life activities, therefore they cannot independently carry out hygienic measures and need outside help. To provide comfortable environment for this kind of patients, it is necessary to regularly perform hygiene measures. Oral hygiene is the main preventive measure performed both in stationary conditions by nurses and at home by the patient’s relatives, which must be carried out in accordance with all the rules, regardless of the person’s age and the state of health of his teeth. As far as daily practical hygiene is provided, it makes possible to achieve a comfortable circumstance for seriously ill patients. The article discusses the practical details of carrying out hygienic procedures in order to prevent the development of oral diseases for patients, who are being treated in somatic units of the hospitals, as well as in surgical and intensive care units, especially for patients, who are on artificial lung ventilation or after tracheostomy.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):29-32
pages 29-32 views

Lactic acidosis in the nurse’s practice

Bangarov R.Y., Durnoglazova K.A., Skvortsova E.M., Skvortsov V.V.


Laktat-acidosis - the critical morbid condition of an organism arising at various syndromes and diseases which are followed by an acute or chronic hypoxia, considerable oppression of the central nervous system function in the conditions of a lactacidemia. The lactacidemia is a metabolic acidosis with a big anion difference (> 10 mmol/l) and increase in level of lactic acid in blood> 4 mmol/l. Now, accurate criteria of diagnostics, diagnosis and treatment of this morbid condition are defined. This article is devoted to the main questions which doctors-endocrinologists and resus-citators at identification of this symptom complex can face.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):33-38
pages 33-38 views

Actual questions of diagnostics and treatment of B12- deficiency anemia

Skvortsov V.V., Shtonda D.A., Eremenko A.A., Durnoglazova K.A.


Cyanocobalamin (B12) deficiency occurs in different countries and regions. It is detected with the same frequency among men and women (50:50). B12-deficiency anemia usually develops in middle-aged and elderly people. An increase in this disease has been noted in people who do not consume meat and dairy products. Therapy for B12-deficiency anemia is aimed primarily at eliminating the cause of the development of megaloblastic anemia. This is, first of all, correction of nutrition, abolition of drugs “guilty” in the development of megaloblastic anemia, deworming, treatment of other diseases that caused anemia.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):39-43
pages 39-43 views
pages 43-43 views

Resilience-gym in palliative care

Ilnitski A.N., Noskova I.S.


The article presents original method of exercises that affect physical and mental activity, there by contributing to the proper level of cognitive prevention, so necessary for palliative care. This set of exercises is called «Resilience-gym». For the first time, the essence of the new approach in palliative care is not to focus on the fight against diseases, but on the formation of positive meanings of health, which consist in the prevention of diseases, improving the psychological state and esthetic health.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):44-48
pages 44-48 views

Surgery nurses in the Nursing Affair and Surgeon history

Kaspruk L.I.


The accumulated experience of the development of surgery and surgery in the research of domestic and foreign authors is relevant both in historical, methodological and organizational aspects. But the success of the operation depends not only from the surgeon but also the degree of preparedness of the operating needed operating tools and equipment, - definition of work by nurses during surgery. The date of February 15 is the day that is officially declared the day of the operating nurse. In the modern history of medicine and surgery, as well as surgery, a significant share is occupied by scientific analysis, which allows us to recognize their inner essence and connection. The identification of patterns and trends in the development of surgery and nursing in surgery, the implementation of prognostic analysis should be implemented in further research.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):49-52
pages 49-52 views

History of secondary medical education in the Irkutsk region. Military paramedic school

Demidova T.V.


The high need for medical specialists, the remoteness and vastness of the territory, left their mark on the formation of medical and sanitary care in the Irkutsk province. The aim of the work is to study the history of the development of secondary medical education.
Meditsinskaya sestra. 2021;23(1):53-56
pages 53-56 views

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