Oxymortia in young military personnel and cadets: causes, constitutional and clinical risk factors

Cite item

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription Access


Were studied 24 cases of sudden death of young military personnel and military cadets. The main cause of sudden death in the performance of military service is a sudden cardiac death from the pathology of the heart and blood vessels, not diagnosed during life or proceeding concealed. The manifestation of this pathology is promoted by a sharp change in the habitual way of life with high physical loads and the development of life-threatening conditions-fatal arrhythmias and the onset of sudden death. Connective tissue dysplasia, as a genetically determined pathology with predominant involvement of the heart and vessels, is the main pathology that creates a high risk of sudden cardiac death. Comparison of clinical signs, constitutional manifestations, as well as functional changes in the heart and blood vessels at the clinical level will allow preventing the development of life-threatening conditions and the onset of sudden death among young military personnel.

Full Text

Restricted Access


  1. Загородников А.Г., Попов В.И., Загородников Г.Г. Оценка адаптационных резервов сердечно-сосудистой системы у военнослужащих разных соматотипических групп // Фундаментальные исследования. - 2013. - № 12-2. - С. 209-213.
  2. Киселева З.М. Симпато-адреналовая система и внезапная сердечная смерть: Автореф. дис.. д-ра мед. наук. - М., 1993. - 43 с.
  3. Bouhour J.B., Helias J., De Lajartre A.Y. Detection of myocarditis during the first year after discovery of a dilated cardiomyopathy by endomyocardial biopsy and gallium-67 myocardial scintigraphy: prospective multicentre French study of 91 patients // European Heart Journ. - 1988. - Vol. 9, N 5. - P. 520-528.
  4. Casa D.J., Armstrong L.E., Hillman S.K. National Athletic Trainers’ Association position statement: preventing sudden death in sports // J. of Athletic Training. - 2012. - Vol. 47, N 1. - P. 96-118.
  5. Eckart R.E., Scoville S.L., Campbell C.L. Sudden death in young adults: a 25-year review of autopsies in military recruits // Annals of Internal Medicine. - 2004. - Vol. 141, N 11. - P. 829-834.
  6. Engel G.L. Psychologic stress, vasodepressor (vasovagal) syncope, and sudden death //Annals of Internal Medicine. - 1978. - Vol. 89, N 3. - P. 403-412.
  7. Farioli A., Christophi C.A., Quarta C.C. Incidence of sudden cardiac death in a young active population // J. of the American Heart Association. - 2015. - Vol. 4, N 6. - P. 1-11.
  8. Feizhou W., Police S. Forensic Pathology Analysis on 56 Cases of Sudden Death in Pulmonary Thromboembolism // China Continuing Medical Education. - 2015. - Vol. 15. - P. 17.
  9. Finocchiaro G., Papadakis M., Robertus J.L. Etiology of sudden death in sports: insights from a United Kingdom regional registry // J. of the American College of Cardiology. - 2016. - Vol. 67, N 18. - P. 2108-2115.
  10. Gardner J.W. Nontraumatic exercise-related deaths in the US military, 1996-1999 // Military Medicine. - 2002. - Vol. 167, N 12. - P. 964.
  11. Harmon K.G., Asif I.M., Klossner D. Incidence of sudden cardiac death in athletes: a state-of-the-art review // Brit. J. of Sports Medicine. - 2014. - Vol. 48, N 15. - P. 1185-1192.
  12. Harmon K.G., Drezner J.A., Maleszewski J.J. Pathogeneses of sudden cardiac death in national collegiate athletic association athletes // Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology. - 2014. - Vol. 7, N 2. - P. 198-204.
  13. Jabbari R., Risgaard B., Holst A.G. Cardiac symptoms before sudden cardiac death caused by coronary artery disease: a nationwide study among young Danish people // Heart. - 2013. - Vol. 99, N 13. - P. 938-943.
  14. Phillips M., Robinowitz M., Higgins J.R. Sudden cardiac death in Air Force recruits: a 20-year review // JAMA. - 1986. - Vol. 256, N 19. - P. 2696-2699.
  15. Raju H., Behr E.R. Unexplained sudden death, focussing on genetics and family phenotyping // Current Opinion in Cardiology. - 2013. - Vol. 28, N 1. - P. 19-25.

Copyright (c) 2017 Eco-Vector

СМИ зарегистрировано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).
Регистрационный номер и дата принятия решения о регистрации СМИ: № 01975 от 30.12.1992.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies