Blood Saving Effect of Tranexame at Hip Joint Replacement

Abstract


Study of the efficacy (by the results of blood saving action assessment) and application safety of tranexamic acid (home antifibrinolytic drug Tranexame) at hip arthroplasty was performed. Perioperative blood loss (intraoperative + postoperative blood loss by drainages during 24 hours), need in hemotransfusion, laboratory indices (hemoglobin, hematocrit, coagulograms) before and after operation were analyzed in 43 patients. Twenty patients received 4 g of Tranexame daily (main group) and 23 patients did not receive antifibrinolytic drugs. In the main group reliable decrease in blood loss as compared with control perioperative one, lower decrease of hemoglobin level and less need for donor plasma transfusion (in combination with autodonor blood and other blood savings methods) was noted. Safety of the drug was proved by the absence of thrombosis signs at ultrasonography of lower extremities vessels.

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