Vol XLVI, No 1 (2014)

Articles
FEATURES AND DYNAMICS OF LATERAL ORGANIZATION OF BRAIN IN PARKINSON’S DISEASE PATIENTS
Bykanova M.A., Pizova N.V.
Abstract
There was established an individual profile of functional interhemispheric asymmetry (IPFA) and determined its dynamics in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Investigation showed that right and predominantly right individual IPFA were more frequent in patients with Parkinson’s disease. With accumulation of left-sided asymmetry there was noticed a decrease of non-motor function. In the dynamics this asymmetry changes due to motor function in patients with a predominance of symptoms of PD on the side with the dominant limb.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):3-7
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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN СONTENT OF BIOGENIC AMINES AND OXIDATIVE STRESS UNDER DELIRIUM TREMENS, AGGRAVATED BY POLYNEUROPATHY
Babin K.A., Vinogradov D.B., Izarovsky B.V.
Abstract
In patients with delirium tremens complicated by polyneuropathy there were studied the content of biogenic monoamines in blood and urine, activity of platelet monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B), tribulin activity of urine and the level of free radical oxidation. It was found that the magnitude of the imbalance between the content of biogenic amines in the blood and their level of excretion, as well as oxidative stress at delirium tremens depends on polyneuropathy.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):8-11
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INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION SYNDROME OF THE HYPOXIC GENESIS IN INFANTS
Gaynetdinova D.D., Musina D.F.
Abstract
Study of the major manifestations of the syndrome of intracranial hypertension in 94 children aged 1 month to 1 year with perinatal CNS pathology showed that the majority of children who had cerebral ischemia in infancy with clinical signs of the syndrome and neurosonographic intracranial hypertension disorders have qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the Sleep disorders. Found disorders predicted emergence of the classic symptoms of intracranial hypertension, such as regurgitation, startle, throwing the head during sleep, etc.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):12-17
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DOPPLER EVALUATION OF CEREBRAL HEMODYNAMICS IN PATIENTS WITH CHIARI MALFORMATION I
Kuzbekov A.R., Magzhanov R.V., Safin S.M.
Abstract
Cerebral hemodynamics data in 86 patients with Chiari malformation type I (MKI), and 30 healthy subjects without neurological disorders was analyzed using the transcranial Dopplerography. The signs of cerebrovascular insufficiency in patients with MKI in the vertebrobasilar arteries pool have been revealed. Violations of cerebral hemodynamics were correlated with the severity and age of MKI patients. The greatest changes in cerebral hemodynamics were observed in patients with ectopic cerebellar tonsils more than 10 mm and the age above 50 years.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):18-21
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ANTICIPATION OPULENCE AS THE CRITERION OF STUDENT’S CONSTRUCTIVE PERFECTIONISM
Larskikh M.V.
Abstract
The article represents analysis of the results of the investigation on the structure of anticipation opulence in the 100 students with high level of perfectionism. The correlative relationship between the anticipation opulence and various anticipation opulence of perfectionism was revealed. The results of this study allow examining the anticipation opulence as one of the criteria of student’s constructive perfectionism.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):22-27
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SPECIAL FEATURES OF VEGETATIVE HOMEOSTASIS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONICAL CEREBRAL ISCHEMIA
Nalbat А.V., Jakupov E.Z.
Abstract
With the aim of evaluating special features of vegetative homeostasis in patients with chronical cerebral ischemia there was performed an analysis of heart rate variability. For the first time there was offered algorithm of heart rate variability, which allows evaluating comprehensively state of vegetative nervous system at different structural-hierarchic levels. The level of vegetative dysfunction was determined, as well as compensation mechanisms in patients with chronical cerebral ischemia. There was confirmed the hypothesis of bilateral pathogenetic connection of the revealed vegetative disorders and chronical cerebral ischemia Кey words: vegetative homeostasis, chronical cerebral ischemia, heart rate variability.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):28-33
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ROLE OF NITRIC OXIDE AND ENDOTHELIN-1 IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISCHEMIC DISORDERS OF CEREBRAL CIRCULATION
Ryabchenko А.Y., Dolgov А.М., Denisov Е.N., Gumanova N.G.
Abstract
There was studied the role of endothelin - nitroxidergic reactions of circulation in ischemic stroke. There were found the elevated content of endothelin -1, the reduction of the levels of persistent metabolites of nitric oxide and the changes in parameters of tissue oxygenation that have been correlated with severity of disease and the degree of neurological deficit. There are expressed changes in nitroxide - and endotelinergic reactions of the circulatory system, contributing to the progression of ischemic stroke.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):34-37
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GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ALCOHOL ABUSE AMONG PATIENTS WITH COMORBID MOOD AND ANXIETY DISORDERS
Fedorova S.S.
Abstract
For determining influence of comorbid anxiety and mood disorders in women on alcohol patterns 75 males and 66 females with alcohol abuse were examined. It was found that presence of comorbid disorders eliminate gender differences in the development of alcohol abuse.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):38-40
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ESTIMATION OF ALCOHOLISM SEVERITY
Krupitsky E.M., Veretilo L.V., Egorov A.Y.
Abstract
On the basis of the analysis of clinical data and retrospective assessment of efficacy of previous treatment in 88 patients with alcohol dependence “Alcoholism Malignancy Coefficient» (AMC) was developed. The higher AMC, the more malignant is alcohol dependence. Usage of this coefficient is a relatively simple tool for quantitative assessment of the severity of alcoholism progression both for individual work with the patients and for screening examination.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):41-43
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PROBLEMS OF ADHERENCE DURING INPATIENT TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH OPIOID ADDICTION
Gorodnova M.Y.
Abstract
Addiction Profile - MAP indicators in 183 patients with opioid addiction in narcological hospital were measured. After three weeks the indicators have changed. Risky health behavior, criminal activities have reduced. Also there was a reduction of interaction intensity with the family, but quality was improved. Lack of the family support might contribute to a patient’s addressing for drug treatment. Patients stayed in the hospital for 4 weeks because of poor health. But poor health was not a factor for choosing the kind of rehabilitation. Duration of treatment, and not the number of previous hospitalizations was a factor of duration of the present hospitalization. «Addiction profile» was not useful to assess the effectiveness of the treatment for patients with short-term hospitalization due to the lack of dynamics in the first 14 days.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):44-50
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FUTURE FORECASTING AND NEUROTIC GENESIS MECHANISMS. Part 2
Mendelevich V.D., Granitsa A.S.
Abstract
In the article questions of phenomenology of intuition and anticipation, with their relationship and interrelations are considered. The presented review of scientific literature shows prospects of studying of intuition and anticipation as a significant etiologic and pathogenetic factor of development of some forms of mental pathology. Special relevance is presented by researches in the least developed section of this area: clinical psychology and psychiatry.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):51-57
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CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY DEMYELINATING POLYRADICULONEUROPATHY. PROGNOSIS
Damulin I.V.
Abstract
There were considered pathogenic and clinical features of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, which differs from Guillain-Barre syndrome by its clinical features and prognosis. There were described the clinical features of the disease and stressed that in some cases it can occur with signs of lesions of the central nervous system structures. The clinical and electrophysiological features of different versions of it were given.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):58-64
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HARM REDUCTION FOR ALCOHOL PROBLEMS: EXPANDING TREATMENT OPTIONS. Part 2
Zobin M.L.
Abstract
Harm reduction strategy does not see complete abstinence as the only goal of treatment. Unreadiness for immediate rejection of alcohol consumption should not be a barrier to helping to reduce the negative effects of alcohol abuse, especially in cases where the standard treatments do not produce the expected results. Such an approach is consistent with the behavioral patterns of dependence and provides more treatment options, which would otherwise not be used.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):65-73
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LONG-TERM THREAT OF PREGNANCY INTERRUPTION AS A PREDICTOR OF PERINATAL PATHOLOGY OF BRAIN
Morozova E.A., Shajmardanova G.A.
Abstract
The article is a review of the literature on the causes of long-term threats to abortion and its role in the genesis of perinatal pathologies of the central nervous system. There were summarized current data on the most important factors of miscarriage, leading pathogenetic mechanisms of fetoplacental insufficiency and chronic fetal hypoxia, directly affecting the central nervous system of the fetus.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):74-79
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PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS OF ADDICTIONS IN VARIOUS CULTURES
Korolenko C.P., Shpiks T.А.
Abstract
The authors disclose the traits of traditional, modern, and postmodern culture that contribute in the development and dynamics of the addictions. Psychosocial factors typical for the previous USSR are analyzed, which included the limitation of personal freedom, low geographical mobility, with the forced by law impossibility to change voluntarily the place of work. There was stressed the significance of informational flow, personal responsibility for decision making, the superficiality of interpersonal relationships and shortage of time in modern and postmodern culture. The characteristics of contemporary addictions are described and their difference from addictions in the traditional society. The new combined process-chemical addiction in women is revealed.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):80-85
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THIOCETAM THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY INFARCTION
Antonova N.A., Chizhova K.E., Sholomov I.I.
Abstract
There was studied the effect of Thiocetam on the level of asthenia anxiety and depression in patients, who underwent cerebral infarction in the middle cerebral artery at the left part. In patients, obtaining Thiocetam there was noticed a decrease of general asthenia level, general score by asthenia scale, of anxiety and depression. The treatment by Thiocetam in the dosage of 20 ml added to 100 ml of physiological solution daily by intravenous course for 14 days has been determined to be the most effective for patients with middle cerebral artery infarction in the late rehabilitation period.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):86-88
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PROBLEMS OF RECOVERY OF FINE MOTOR SKILLS IN ADULTS
Makarova M.R.
Abstract
There were summarized data on the principal methods of fine motor skills recovery after injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system of a hand and CNS. Disorders of fine motor skills in adults are of great social importance in relation to hand injuries of various etiologies. Recovery time, indications for use and effectiveness of hardware technologies are discussed. The detailed description of the new modular biofeedback technology of recovery of fine motor skills in exercise equipment Leonardo (Chinesport, Italy), combining the advantages of manual and machine methods of rehabilitation, is presented. Small size and “friendly” design allow using exercise equipment Leonardo at all stages of medical rehabilitation; but to create definitive records of recovery of fine motor skills in adult patients with hand injuries it is necessary to conduct additional multicenter studies.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):89-96
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COPING BEHAVIOR IN SYSTEM OF STABILIZING PERSONALITY OF MOTHERS, HAVING CHILDREN WITH ACUTE DISEASES
Borovkova E.Y.
Abstract
On the basis of the results of an experimental-and-psychological research there were examined interconnections between coping behavior, anticipation abilities and features of persons of the mothers having children with acute diseases. The conclusion was made that coping behavior of the mothers having children with acute diseases is connected to a larger extent with anticipation abilities, individual-psychological personal peculiarities, and to the less extent with the mechanisms of psychological protection.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):97-99
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Critical review on monograph: Khabirov F.А., KhabirovaYu.F. Pain in neck and back
Gusev Е.I.
Abstract
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(1):100-101
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