Vol XLVI, No 3 (2014)

Articles
THE COURSE OF PREGNANCY AND DELIVERY IN WOMEN WITH EPILEPSY
Morozov D.V., Mukhin K.Y.
Abstract
There were studied features of the pregnancy course, birth, status of newborns in the group of mothers with epilepsy. It was shown that in mothers with epilepsy significantly more frequently such adverse factors of pregnancy, as anemia, toxemia, pyelonephritis, and the threat of miscarriage were revealed. The conclusion about the need for timely planning of pregnancy in women with epilepsy, in order to prevent complications of pregnancy and childbirth, as well as to reduce the likelihood of hypoxic-ischemic and traumatic lesions of the Central nervous system of the fetus has been made.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):4-7
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PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL FEATURES AND SPEECH THERAPY STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH VIOLATION OF ARTICULATORY AND FINE MOTOR SKILLS AND DIRECTIONS OF THEIR CORRECTION
Fedotova L.А., Solovjev А.G., Vilova T.V.
Abstract
There was performed a logopedic survey; physiological indicators in primary school children with general speech underdevelopment were studied. It is shown that the speech disorder in children is characterized by hypoplasia of all its components, sounding, articulation and fine motor skills; reduced attention, efficiency. There is a delayed response to a visual stimulus, which suggests the presence of inhibitory processes in the central nervous system, and psychomotor slowing. A set of didactic games and exercises to develop articulation and fine motor skills in conjunction with speech breathing was proposed.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):8-12
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STATE OF AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM INJUVENILES AFTER ACTIVE ORTHODONIC TREATMENT
Singatullina D.R., Hamitova N.K., Ismagilov М.F.
Abstract
There was studied the state of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in 213 juveniles aged 15-16 years in the period of retention after active orthodontic treatment with the help of retained hardware. The dependence of the recurrence of the functional state of autonomic nervous system and the adaptive-mechanisms was determined. A relapse in the period following the active orthodontic retention treatment occurs in patients with high voltage and overvoltage of autonomic reactivity followed by the mismatch of ANS control and decreased adaptive capacity of the body and phenomena of vegetative dysfunction.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):13-15
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USE OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC STABILOGRAPHY FOR EARLY DETECTION OF POSTURAL PATIENTS WITH MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT OF VASCULAR ORIGIN
Sidorovich E.К., Likhachev S.А., Klishevskaya N.N.
Abstract
According to the objectives based on the analysis of the results of static and dynamic stabilography it was found that early manifestations of violations of maintaining a vertical posture in patients with mild cognitive disorder are signs of a slowdown in postural response: reduce the number of «errors», i.e. attempts of active stabilization of the platform and increase the average time postural response (p<0,0005), revealed at dynamic stabilography in the mode with closed eyes without acoustic and visual biofeedback.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):16-21
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BASIC MECHSNISMS OF PERIPHERAL NOCICEPTION
Koroleva K.S., Giniatullina R.R., Giniatullin R.A.
Abstract
In this review we present basic data on the biological role of different types of pain, and how pain is generated in the peripheral part of the nociceptive system. Many issues of peripheral nociception, which have a specific regional character, become clear only recently, thanks to new molecular and cellular technologies. Uncovering the molecular nature of pain transducers allows us to search now for specific analgesics and this gives us a hope that these new agents will reach the stage of wide clinical applications for the treatment of acute and chronic pain. This review precedes a series of other articles devoted to pain studies to be published in this and in the subsequent issues of the journal Nevrologicheskii Vestnik.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):22-27
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PECULIARITIES OF ETIOLOGY, PATHOGENESIS AND CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF PAIN NEUROPATHIES
Bogdanov E.I., Sakovets Т.G.
Abstract
There are given peculiarities of etiology, pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of pain neuropathies, collected from the literature. Lack of efficacy of treatment of neuropathic pain determines the socio-economic significance of this problem due to frequent disability of patients, significant financial costs of treating patients with painful neuropathy .Lesion of small nerve fibers occur due to various reasons, and requires the study of etiology and pathogenesis of painful neuropathies, adequate symptomatic and pathogenetic therapy.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):28-33
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PERCEPTION AND PAIN EXPERIENCETHROUGH THE PRISM OF THE MENTAL ILLNESS
Mendelevich V.D.
Abstract
Article is devoted to the review of modern researches of pain at the mentally sick. Specifics of painful sensitivity and the pain experiences at persons with neurotic, depressive disorders, schizophrenia, and autism are analyzed. The conclusion is drawn that the psychological phenomenon of “catastrophization” of pain differently proves in neurotic and psychotic psychopathological register and domination of positive or negative psychopathological symptoms.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):34-41
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MUSCLE PAIN AFTER EXERCISE
Таhavieva F.V., Bikchurin N.M.
Abstract
The review of literature is presented about muscle pain in response to physical activity, which is quite common. There is an opinion that the muscle pain that occurs after intense physical activity is a precursor of muscle remodeling. Clinical manifestations of muscle pain after exercise are described, possible mechanisms of its occurrence are studied, methods of prevention and treatment of muscle soreness are analyzed.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):42-48
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PECULIARITIES OF HEADACHE IN ARTERIAL AND INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION: CLINICAL AND NEUROBIOLOGICAL ASPECTS
Fayzutdinova A.T.
Abstract
The review provides data on the combination of headache with arterial and intracranial hypertension. Clinical-epidemiological and neurobiological aspects of the problem are considered. The mechanisms for the development and clinical significance of “hypertensive headache” and «hypertension associated hypalgesia» were discussed.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):49-55
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NEUOTROPHIC REGULATION OF SCELETAL MUSCLE PLASTICITY
Islamov R.R., Valiullin V.V.
Abstract
The review describes the mechanisms of nervous system influence on skeletal muscle phenotype and ways of their identification. In the main part of the review the questions on the definitive skeletal muscle fibers phenotype plasticity and the role of spinal motoneurons on transformation of skeletal muscle fibers are discussed. The special attention is given to the phenomenon of neurotrophic control of skeletal muscles. Based to the literature data and to our own experimental results the new view on the mechanisms of skeletal muscle fibers phenotype regulation is presented. The hypothesis where the leading role in regulation of skeletal muscle plasticity belongs to the motor centers of pyramidal and extrapyramidal systems is proposed.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):56-64
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TUMOR-LIKE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS: CLINICAL,NEUROVISUAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF DIAGNOSTICS
Hafizova I.F., Аbduljanov V.A., Hakimova А.R., Yakupov E.Z.
Abstract
There was presented a review of literature, devoted to epidemiologic, clinical and neurovisual peculiarities of tumor-like multiple sclerosis after study of results of some major researches. There were revealed diagnostic features of functional research methods, which allow differentiating tumor-like multiple sclerosis from the tumor one. Morphological peculiarities of tumor-like multiple sclerosis have been analyzed and supporting points for diagnosis of this rare form of the disease have been established.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):65-70
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PERIVENTRICULAR NEONATAL HEMORRHAGE
Gainetdinova D.D., Karimova L.K.
Abstract
There was performed an analysis of literature, devoted to periventricular hemorrhage (PVH), being the result of fragile blood vessels and unstable circulation in the brain of premature infants, which is the cause of main neurological disorders. It was shown that during PVH hemorrhage originates from subependymal germinal matrix. The germinal matrix is formed early during embryogenesis and is the site of glial and neuronal differentiation. At present no treatment and prevention modalities of both acute PVH and its consequences are developed.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):71-75
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MALIGNANT ALCOHOLISM
Egorov A.Y., Veretilo L.V., Krupitsky E.M.
Abstract
The review provides domestic and international definitions and classifications of malignant alcoholism (MA), describes the clinical features of its course and risk factors. The role of organic brain damage in the MA development is emphasized, especially the traumatic brain injury. Neurobiological aspects of MA are also described in the review. The role of the patient’s age in the development of MA is analyzed. It is shown that development of alcohol dependence is associated not only with the age of onset of alcohol consumption, but also with a number of other risk factors. It is concluded that the complex multifactorial etiology of malignant alcoholism requires taking into account all the factorsinfluencing the development of this disease in each particularpatient to reach better treatment outcome.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):76-89
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DEPRESSION IN ELDERLY AGE: DIAGNOSIS, MANAGEMENT AND SPECIFIC FEATURES OF THERAPY
Kornetov N.A.
Abstract
Depression in elderly persons is poorly described in modern scientific literature. For many practitioners depressive disorders are thought as age-related, so they are poorly diagnosed and treated in primary care system and general medical practice. Basic data on frequency, treatment tactics, diagnostics, and the therapy of depressive disorders are described. There is presented an assessment of specific symptomatology and specific features for depressive disorders in the elderly patients. Scheme of treating with antidepressants shows its main forms which are generally used medical practice.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):90-96
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ETHNO-CULTURAL DISPARITY OF COGNITIVE DISORDERS IN ALCOHOLISM
Peshkovskaya A.G.
Abstract
Features of the cognitive sphere in Tuvinian and Russian persons with alcohol dependence were studied. The higher intensity of decrease in productivity of memorization and available level of the generalization in Tuvinian patients with alcoholism was revealed. Graphic indicators of organic disorders in alcoholism were established.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):97-98
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THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE MOTIVATIONAL DISPOSITIONS OF THE PATIENTS WITH PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA AND THEIR AGGRESSIVENESS
Khudyakova J.Y.
Abstract
The results of empirical studies of aggressiveness in 102 patients with paranoid schizophrenia have been presented. Study of aggressiveness manifestation was performed on psychomotor, motivational and socio-psychological levels of the personality organization. It was described the informative-interested sphere of patients with paranoid schizophrenia.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):99-103
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FAMILY HEMIPLEGIC MIGRAINE: CLINICAL OBSERVATION AND MODERN DIAGNOSTIC AND TREATMENT CRITERIA
Mendelevich E.G., Iskhakova A.D.
Abstract
Surveillance case described familial hemiplegic migraine in18 year-old patient with duration of 6 years. There was provided an overview of contemporary literature, indicating the prevalence of major symptoms traditionally considered mandatory for the diagnosis of familial hemiplegic migraine. The article outlines the scientific data on the various clinical manifestations of the syndrome.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):104-109
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ALEXANDER YU. RATNER - A DOCTOR, A SCIENTIST, A TEACHER
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Abstract
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(3):110-111
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