Vol 8, No 1-2 (2014)


75 anniversary of department “Technology of constructional materials” of Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI)

Kuznetsov V.A., Shlykova A.V.


The article is devoted to the 75 anniversary of the department “Technology of constructional materials” of UMech. Stages of foundation, formation and current indicators of work of the department are presented in the article.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):6-8
pages 6-8 views

Innovations and problems of the course “Science of materials and technology of construction materials”

Smolkin A.A., Batyshev A.I., Kuznetsov V.A.


The paper considers some innovative approaches for the study of the basic sections of the course and during the development of iron carbon alloys particularly. Methods of intensification of using interactive methods of training and knowledge control are suggested.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):8-12
pages 8-12 views

Increase in objectivity of selection of part blanks

Medvedev O.A.


In the article the problem of choice of rational part blanks at early stages of the design of technological processes is considered by the author. The reasoning of the objective criteria for selection of a rational blank from several alternative variants is given. The technique allowing to perform a selection of rational blank with high accuracy is developed. The conclusion according to the results of research is made.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):12-16
pages 12-16 views

Industrial experience of industrial development of sheet parts of the nomenclature of “Utes” OJSC in individual production

Kultuchkin M.I., Kokorin V.N., Polyakov S.Y.


The article describes the manufacturing experience in the manufacture of single series parts on the enterprise “Utes” OJSC, Ulyanovsk.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):16-18
pages 16-18 views

Method of magnetic separation of fluids

Samokhin V.V., Sandulyak A.A., Sandulyak A.V.


The article proposes a method of magnetic separation to remove impurities, susceptible to magnetically deposition, from fluids.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):18-22
pages 18-22 views

Overview of Russian inventions in field of roll-formed section cutting

Zemskova A.N., Kokorin V.N., Filimonov V.I.


The article considers prospective inventions in the field of cutting of roll-formed sections aimed at improving of technologies, increasing of productivity, expansion of the product range of cut sections, design simplification and increase of reliability of a device.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):22-27
pages 22-27 views

The method of express-diagnostics of the roughness of the surface layer of machine parts on basis of a probabilistic model with hidden states

Palamar I.N., Julin S.S.


The article suggests a method of express-diagnostics of the roughness of the surface layer of machine parts and shows its efficiency. The authors developed a graphical probabilistic model, providing high quality of diagnosis with small number of statistical data. Express diagnostics performs determination of the quality of surface layer on basis of profilogram classification. The diagnostic process is running as the comparison of profilograms with prepared models of different classes of roughness using statistical sampling. Program realization of the model is developed, specialists were trained and experimentally investigated the accuracy of the diagnostics.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):27-33
pages 27-33 views

Development of technological processes of cold forging metal-roll cutting with use of progressive methods of mathematical modeling

Mishenko O.B., Fedorina E.V.


The article presents a theoretical analysis of methods of cost optimization of die forging.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):33-35
pages 33-35 views

Tribological characteristics of dispersed-filled composite materials

Pechnikov A.A., Toleshuli A., Meshcheryakov E.G.


The article presents the results of laboratory tests of dispersed-filled composites. Tests on friction and wear were performed using “disk - pad” and “rotating bushing on disk” schemes. There is high compatibility of materials in friction pairs of composite material and steel and their advantages over a pair of bronze and steel in terms of wear and maximum working load, and also stability of the coefficient of friction in operation mode, and also stability of the latter as the load increases. It is shown that the increase in size and volume content of particles in the matrix reduces wear of parts of composite material, however, this increases the wear paired counterface and friction coefficient.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):35-39
pages 35-39 views

Locally reinforced cast composite products with aluminium matrix

Pechnikov A.A., Telenkova T.A.


The article outlines the methodology and results of the experiment on obtaining locally-reinforced products of body of revolution type by the centrifugal method.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):40-41
pages 40-41 views

Cast composite products with aluminium matrix

Pechnikov A.A., Toleshuli A., Meshcheryakov E.G.


The article considers the reinforcing elements from matrices of aluminum alloys. It presents data on the production technology of gradient-reinforced products. The technology of reinforcement and properties of castings with given content of ceramic filler is considered.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):42-44
pages 42-44 views

Influence of reinforcing on structure, mechanical and technological properties of composite materials

Pechnikov A.A., Toleshuli A., Meshcheryakov E.G.


The paper considers influence of reinforcement on the properties of composite materials. The technological regimes provide uniform distribution of particles in a matrix. The influence of fillers on changing the casting properties of aluminum alloys is determined.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):44-46
pages 44-46 views

Increase of metal utilization factor through the use of combined operations of drawing-flanging in manufacture of box-shaped parts with a hole in a bottom part

Nikitenko V.M.


The article considers the issues of forming of box-shaped parts with a hole in the bottom by flanging drawing, having character and high potential of use in industrial enterprises.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):46-49
pages 46-49 views

Piston workpieces produced by casting with crystallization under pressure

Batyshev A.I., Batyshev K.A., Smolkin A.A., Bezpalko V.I.


The article presents the data on manufacture of workpieces of piston of internal combustion engines by casting with crystallization under pressure. There are considered the schemes of pressing and pressure effect on the quality of castings.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):50-52
pages 50-52 views

Structure and mechanical properties of silumin castings hardened under pressure

Stancheck L., Banko B., Batyshev A.I., Batishev K.A.


The article shows the results of research of tempering time influence on went castings made of silumin casting with crystallization under pressure, their structure and mechanical properties.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):52-54
pages 52-54 views

Punch pressing of solidifying castings of silumins

Batyshev A.I., Batyshev K.A., Stancheck L., Smolkin A.A., Shramko T.Y.


The article provides the information on thermal processes occurring in silumin moldings of cup type at casting with crystallization under pressure (punch pressing), their structure and mechanical properties.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):54-57
pages 54-57 views

Tangential compensation of torsional vibrations of a workpiece in the technological system of combined cutting-deforming machining

Ankin A.V., Chebyshev A.I.


The paper considers approaches to modeling of technological processes and devices for cutting-deforming machining of non-rigid shafts with additional contours of links.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):57-62
pages 57-62 views

Flexible technology of forged piston manufacturing in a small-scale production

Posedko V.N., Shibaev O.V.


The information on the purpose, engineering and construction work, and the benefits of forged pistons as well as the process of casting and machining of such pistons are given in the article.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):62-65
pages 62-65 views

Promising physical and chemical processing of glass by concentrated streams of energy

Opalnitskiy A.I., Petrov K.V.


In this paper the analysis of the modern physical and chemical methods of glass processing by concentrated streams of energy is performed. Hydroabrasive and diamond ultrasonic treatment are considered. The schemes of hydroabrasive and diamond ultrasonic processing are shown. The comparison of hydroabrasive treatment with other methods of glass treatment is carried out.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):65-69
pages 65-69 views

Wear of multifaceted perishable carbide inserts in turning of experimental steel 75ХГСФ

Volkov R.B.


The author considers the nature of wear and tear of multifaceted perishable carbide inserts in turning of experimental high-carbon alloy steel 75ХГСФ. Recommendations on choosing the form of inserts, angles of cutting part and types of wear-resistant coatings for flank and face surfaces are given.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):69-73
pages 69-73 views

Principles of selection of cutting technological mediums for metal cutting

Kuscheva M.E., Klauch D.N., Kobelev O.A.


The article considers the principles of selection of cutting technological mediums for metal cutting. Rational use of effective cutting fluid is an important factor in improving of productivity and quality of metal working. Effect of cutting fluid depends on the rational choice of the specific conditions of the cutting, the predominant type of tool wear and tool and base material. In PJSC RPA “CNIITMASH” a complex of works on testing of a wide range of cutting fluids was carried out and recommendations for their use were developed
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):73-76
pages 73-76 views

Groove machining on automobile parts

Grechichnikov V.A., Pivkin P.M.


In the article the authors suggest an approach to the design of cutting heads of a unique shape having the ability to process a group of grooves on a wide range of diameters and angles of groove generatrix relatively perpendicular to the axis.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):76-79
pages 76-79 views

Improving the efficiency of assembly technology for fuel injectors of gas-turbine engines by management of functional parameters of spray package parts

Semenov A.N., Sazanov A.A.


The article considers the problem of ensuring the quality of fuel injectors for gas-turbine engines at assembly time. The way of increasing the effectiveness of the implementation of the assembly process is discussed.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):79-84
pages 79-84 views

Management of normative-technical information at mechanical engineering enterprises

Krakovtsev V.G., Petrova T.V.


In the article the authors consider the issues of providing information support to professionals of mechanical engineering industry regarding receiving and use of normative-technical information on the example of professional reference system “Technical expert: mechanical engineering”.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):84-88
pages 84-88 views

Combined tools with plates equipped with STM for processing of stepped bores

Grechischnikov V.A., Romanov V.B., Yunusov V.V.


The article proposes a design of combined instruments with changeable polyhedral plates for processing of stepped bores. The new design of a stepped drill enables the installation of cutting plates to any angle is suggested.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):88-92
pages 88-92 views

Experimental determination of axial residual stresses in the surface layer of coarse thread root

Ovseenko A.N., Klauch D.N., Nosov D.P., Kudinov A.A., Bolotin G.A., Kotov I.V.


The paper describes a method of experimental determination of axial residual stresses in the surface layer of a root of coarse threads and the results of determination of stresses in the М64х6 thread.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):92-96
pages 92-96 views

Improvement of the technology of cutting modified globoidal gears with localized contact patch

Fedotov B.F., Dumilin S.V., Schegolkov N.N., Belyakov V.N.


The article describes the possibilities of improving the technology of manufacture of modified globoidal gears with localized contact patch. A technology of modified globoid gear, localization of a contact patch, and design of the cutting tool for cutting of globoidal worms and gears are developed.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):96-99
pages 96-99 views

New effective technologies and materials for production of heavy-duty gearboxes

Ovumyan G.G., Klauch D.N., Nosov D.P., Dumilin S.V., Malysheva N.B., Mosyuk A.L.


The design of a new gearbox for a coal shearer is developed. The authors developed and implemented a technology of gear manufacturing from new steels 18Х2Н4МАА and 38ХН3МФАА, providing the increase of gear’s life time. Research and bench tests of a gearbox for mining combine confirmed the benefits of design, technological solutions and new steels.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):99-103
pages 99-103 views

Study of processing of deep holes and fixing of tubes in parts of heat exchange equipment

Yagutkin E.G., Kondratenko L.A., Gunin A.V., Mogutov I.V.


In PJSC RPA “CNIITMASH” the authors together with JSC “ZiO - Podolsk” conducted a series of research work on the influence of technology of hole processing in reservoirs of steam generators and chambers of modules on the status of a surface layer and operational properties of products. Recommendations on processing of deep holes and fixing of tubes in the heat-exchange equipment for nuclear power units are developed.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):103-107
pages 103-107 views

Functionally-oriented technologies of working surfaces treatment for automotive parts

Suslov A.G.


The paper considers the methodology for creating innovative technologies for processing of working surfaces of automotive parts based on their functional purpose. The examples of these methods are presented.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):107-109
pages 107-109 views

Influence of the type of wide nomenclature of a machine-building production on the size of unproductive losses of time in the technological and production processes of manufacturing

Ryabov A.N.


The author proposes a problem of the influence of a type of multiproduct machinery production on the performance of technological and production processes. The analysis of the structure of the formula on determination of duration of the working cycle allowing to take into account technological and organizational characteristics, type of production is carried out.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):109-113
pages 109-113 views

Study of mechanism of structure formation in a process of intensive consolidation of powders using the effect of interparticle splicing

Kokorin V.N., Filimonov V.I., Sizov N.A., Kokorin A.V., Bryazgin M.A.


The article considers the issues of structure formation in intensive plastic deformation of heterophase mechanical mixtures. Calculation of the coefficient of energy barrier overcoming is carried out as well as definition of the minimum permissible value of increase of an area of interparticle contact at the moment of formation of surface seizure.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):114-117
pages 114-117 views

Use of artificial intelligence methods for constructing a mathematical model of a part for further technological design

Kordyukov A.V.


The paper substantiates the necessity of application of artificial intelligence methods in technological design. The methods of synthesis of technological part’s model are considered. The information needed for subsequent technological design is defined. The methods of automated building process for technological part’s model based on a drawing and three-dimensional model are chosen.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):117-122
pages 117-122 views

Developing of analytical model for bevel cutting

Olenin L.D., Storchak M.G., Lekveischvili M.A.


The work presents the results of the analysis of the bevel cutting as sufficiently general case of the cutting process. The analysis is made by power method with the use of extreme provisions of continuum mechanics. The cutting process is considered as the aggregate of two simultaneously occurring acts - chip formation and continuous formation of new surfaces. There are two such surfaces: the processed surface of a workpiece and the outer surface of the chip. In addition, this work contains the results of comparative calculations of cutting force made by the method of finite elements in the DEFORM-3D and results of experimental studies conducted in laboratory conditions.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):123-128
pages 123-128 views

Statistical business process management - the key to success of a modern industrial enterprise

Loktev D.A.


The article considers the main aspects of the application of statistical methods for strategic management processes in modern industry, as well as the stages of the introduction of such systems on the basis of modern measuring tools and software.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):128-136
pages 128-136 views

Improvement of helical surfaces machining

Shchavelev P.A., Klepikov V.V., Soldatov V.F.


The article content is focused on helical surfaces processing, as well as automation of production through the use of CAD systems. There was examined the problem of securing workpieces, and shown the dependence of the method of basing from the way of processing and shape of billet.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):136-140
pages 136-140 views

Modern worm milling cutters - design, tool materials and wear-resistant coatings

Loktev D.A.


The article considers modern worm milling cutters features - design characteristics, used materials and wear-resistant coatings. The influence of different structural parameters on the performance and durability of cutters was valued.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):140-152
pages 140-152 views

Analysis of wear and causes of failure of high-speed spindles bearings

Reshnyak S.E., Maksimov A.D.


The article provides an analysis of the factors influencing life of rolling bearings high-speed spindles, and describes and illustrates the most common damage to bearings with an analysis of the picture of the phenomenon wear, its causes and recommendations for the prevention of the bearings to fail.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):152-157
pages 152-157 views

The dependence of the accuracy of cylindrical toothed gears manufacturing from the precision of their major components and assemblies

Vinogradov V.M., Cherepakhin A.A.


The article describes the factors, which influence the accuracy of toothed gear. It is shown that significant influence on accuracy have the following factors: accuracy of manufacturing and assembling of all the transmission elements. The example of the calculation of the technological dimensional chains for cylindrical toothed gears is given.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):157-163
pages 157-163 views

Adaptive optimization of bevel gear repair assembly of automobile transmissions

Vinogradov V.M., Cherepakhin A.A.


The article presents the experience of using dimensional analysis of the adaptive optimization of repair technological process for aggregates of automobile transmission. There is also discussed the method of experimental determination of the necessary size of the compensator for correct positioning toothed gears in the transmission.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):163-170
pages 163-170 views

Development of dynamometer system for measuring cutting forces when turning

Bezyazichniy V.F., Kordyukov A.V., Timofeev M.V., Fomenko R.N.


The article considers the relevance of the dynamometers use by machine-building enterprises and educational institutions for the determination of the cutting forces during machining. There are mentioned technical and operational requirements of the modern measurement dynamometer systems. The characteristics of the dynamometer Dyna-Z for measuring the tangential component of the cutting force during turning were shown. There is also mentioned the experimental data for definition the increase of cutting force Pz, caused by the deterioration of the tool during long operations.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):171-176
pages 171-176 views

Improvement of fatigue resistance of parts using technological methods

Uryadov S.A.


The article analyzes the influence of technological conditions of the pendulum and depth grinding on parameters of resistance to fatigue. There was proposed an effective method of details treatment ensuring the required level of fatigue limit.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):176-179
pages 176-179 views

Ensuring the quality of the surface layer and the reduction of process costs when machining R.N. Akinshin

Akinshin R.N.


The problems arising when machining workpieces made of tough materials are considered in article. There is proposed to use the parameters of surface roughness, which have a significant impact on the operational properties of machines parts for the evaluation of the quality of the surface layer. The methods of calculation of these parameters when machining are shown. There are presented the methods of selecting the optimal cutting modes in turning, allowing to reduce the cost of processing and to ensure the required parameters of surface quality.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):179-184
pages 179-184 views

Improving the efficiency of assembly processes of gas turbine engines rotors, based on simulation technologies

Timofeev М.В., Timofeeva Е.В.


The paper is devoted to assembly technologies improvement of the rotor GTE of mixed type, which is one of the most popular design solutions nowadays.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):184-186
pages 184-186 views

Deformational snap temper of structural steel

Prokhorova A.I., Borisova A.S.


The article presents the results of the influence of temperature and deformation during snap temper of structural steel 38ХН3МФА. It is shown that 300°С and 500°С deformation temperatures of 300 and 500° significantly increases the durability characteristics, but decreases the flexibility. The subsequent after deformation snap temper at a temperature 560°С has a positive effect on the mechanical properties complex.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):187-191
pages 187-191 views

Manufacture and processing of advanced composite materials

Hashem M.S.


The article is devoted to modern composite materials. The article contains the information about various technologies of the production of mechanical and thermal processing of composite materials.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):191-194
pages 191-194 views

Interrelation of wear resistance with quality parameters of the surface layer of parts after machining

Sutyagin A.N.


The article shows the results of studying the interrelation of intensity of mating machine parts wear rate with the quality parameters of the surface layer provided by selection of the appropriate technological conditions when machining
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):194-198
pages 194-198 views

Fundamental scientific discovery «Garkunov-Kragelskiy effect of the absence of wear » as an innovative form of intensification of industrial technologies and the development of scientific and educational processes

Polyakov A.O., Chikhacheva N.Y.


The article considers the innovative direction of self-organization contact processes in friction pairs based on regularization of surface microgeometry of interacting bodies and the application of modern special lubricants, implementing scientific discovery - «the effect of the absence of wear at friction». There were also mentioned the scientific-pedagogical problems for wide practical application of this new direction - «tribology on the basis of self-organization».
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):198-199
pages 198-199 views

The integrated logistic support for after-sales service of aviation gas turbine engines and gas-pumping installations

Kalugin S.S.


The article describes the concept, objectives and tasks of integrated logistics support services for aviation gas turbine engines and gas-pumping installations. Analysis of different approaches to the creation of the system of after-sales service of the CCD was made. The results of the analysis of economic efficiency of after-sales service after the product production are shown.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):200-204
pages 200-204 views

Non-wearing friction and hydrogen wear of metals when solving basic tribological problems of mechanisms and machines quality

Garkunov D.N., Melnikov E.L.


The article discusses the main stages of development of tribology as a science. The main provisions of friction and wear science are shown. Examples of technical solutions to increase the durability of machine parts are introduced.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):205-214
pages 205-214 views

Development of technology of hardening of large punch matrices

Serezhkin M.A., Melnikov E.L.


There was developed a technology to enhance the resilience of large dies and punches. Maximum contact load on the exhaust side of the punch die was measured. The experimental research of non-abrasive finishing antifriction coatings wear resistance was carried out taking into account the influence of lubricants.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):214-221
pages 214-221 views

Determination of the minimum curvature radius of a die for isothermal direct axisymmetric extrusion of aluminum alloy AD35

Voronkov V.I.


The paper contains the description of technique and the graphs for determination of the optimal curvature radius in the tool for isothermal forging with direct extrusion in axisymmetric matrix. This method is based on solving of the problem of minimizing of plastic deformation total power in flow of metal in axisymmetric matrix without curves, i.e. with free flow of material at the transition. Theoretical solution to the problem was verified experimentally.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):221-227
pages 221-227 views

Increase of cutting tool wear resistance by mesh cover coating

Chekalova E.A., Chekalov P.D.


The article proposes the technology to increase the tool life by applying ecological technological environment. The results of studies show the effect of green technological environment on wear resistance of the cutting tool.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):228-230
pages 228-230 views

Increase of cutting tool wear resistance by diffusion mesh cover coating

Chekalova E.A., Chekalov P.D.


This article discusses the influence of physical and mechanical properties during processing on the surface layer of the part. The study shows wear resistance of the cutting tool with diffusion mesh coating.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2014;8(1-2):230-233
pages 230-233 views

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