Vol 5, No 6 (2017)



Guljaev D.K., Belonogova V.D., Mashchenko P.S., Korotkov I.V.


The article is devoted to the study of essential oil extracted from the roots of European Spruce (Lat. Picea abies).The aim is to establish the component composition of the essential oil and the peculiarities of its localization in the roots of European Spruce.Materials and methods. The objects of the study are the roots of European Spruce not longer than two centimeters in diameter, peeled and dried. The study of their anatomical signs was carried out according to the methodology of the State Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation (the XIII-th edition) with the”Biomed-6” microscope using the DCN 510 nozzle. The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation of European Spruce roots using the device of Clevenger by Method 2 of the State Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation (the XIII-th edition). The component composition of the essential oil was determined by an Agilent 7890A gas-liquid chromatograph with an Agilent 5975C mass-selective detector.Results and discussion. As a result of the microscopic examination of the roots of European Spruce, it was established that the essential oil is localized mainly in resinous courses located in the wood of the root. In the central part of the root, resin moves are of a larger diameter. More than 18 components were found in the essential oil of European Spruce roots, 14 of them were identifi ed. The main component of the essential oil is sesquiterpene lactone – tanbergol.Conclusion. The essential oil of European Spruce roots has a unique component composition that includes components not characteristic for the essential oil of spruce greenery. The difference in the component composition indicates the difference in properties and pharmacological activity. Further studies are of interest for determining the prospects of using European Spruce roots.
Pharmacy & Pharmacology. 2017;5(6):520-531
pages 520-531 views


Mamatmusaeva N.E., Shomuratov S.A., Sagdullaev B.Т., Turaev A.S.


The low-molecular synthetic drugs, used for the treatment of tuberculosis nowadays, are highly toxic and do not have the ability to selectively penetrate into phagocytes; besides, they are quickly removed from the body without providing a prolonged action. To solve the existing problem, modern methods of modifying the properties of biologically active compounds by joint synthesis of antibiotic with high-molecular compounds, by incorporating antituberculosis drugs into the carrier polymers have been applied. These methods have made it possible to purposefully change their physical-chemical and medical-biological properties.The aim of the work is to evaluate the technological properties of the substance of the combined anti-tuberculosis drug “Biomayrin” and to work out its drug product.Materials and methods. The object of the study was the substance of the original medicinal preparation “Biomayrin”, obtained on the basis of high molecular compounds, and synthetic antituberculosis drugs by the molecular design method.Results and discussion. The results of the comparative analysis of technological properties of the biomayrin substance and the prepared capsular masses with the addition of various antifriction agents are shown in the article. The introduction of antifriction agents greatly improved the technological properties of the substance. As a result, the angle of the natural slope decreased from 42.7° to 31–39°, and the fl owability increased to 2.6–3.6 g/s.Conclusion. Thus, the infl uence of various antifriction agents on the technological properties of the substance of the anti-tuberculosis drug “Biomayrin” was investigated, which allowed to work out the optimal composition of the drug product.
Pharmacy & Pharmacology. 2017;5(6):532-542
pages 532-542 views


Kataev S.S., Dvorskaya O.N.


Solid-phase extraction (SPE) is one of the modern methods for isolating toxicologically signifi cant substances from biological materials, which include narcotic and medicinal substances, as well as their metabolites. Currently, the market has a large number of proposals for SPE cartridges from various manufacturers. The choice of a suitable cartridge for SPE both in terms of qualitative characteristics and price parameters is a topical issue in the course of chemical-toxicological and forensic chemical analysis.The aim of the research is to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of medicinal and narcotic substances’s extraction from blood for widespread mixed-phase cartridges of some brands, which are intended for solid-phase extraction.Materials and methods. The research comparing the effectiveness of extraction was carried out with the use of mixed-phase cartridges for SPE of the following manufacturers: Bond Elut Certify (Varian), Chromabond Drug (Macherey-Nagel), Strata Screen-C (Phenomenex) EVIDEX SampliQ (Aqilent), HyperSep Vеrify-CX (Thermo), Starlab C8/SCX (Starlab Scientifi c Co., Ltd) with the using of gas chromatograph Agilent 7820 equipped with mass selective detector Agilent 5975 (Agilent, USA).Results and discussion. This article presents the data on the comparison of the effectiveness of the extraction of mixed-phase cartridges for SPE from 5 manufacturers (Bond Elut Certify (Varian), Chromabond Drug (Macherey-Nagel), Strata Screen-C (Phenomenex) EVIDEX SampliQ (Aqilent) и HyperSep Vеrify-CX (Thermo)) for the purposes of screening drugs and narcoticsubstances from blood. The cartridges Starlab C8/SCX of the investigated batch had some signs of poor-quality sorbent in the production.Conclusion. Recommendations for using 5 types of cartridges for the procedure of screening narcotic and medicinal substances in blood during the routine practice of forensic chemical departments and chemical-toxicological laboratories are given. Considering the relative cost of cartridges for SPE, in routine practice it is economically viable to use cartridges from brands Strata Screen-C (Phenomenex) and EVIDEX SampliQ (Aqilent).
Pharmacy & Pharmacology. 2017;5(6):543-555
pages 543-555 views


Kodonidi I.P., Novikov O.O., Kuleshova S.A., Rjabukhin J.I., Shatokhin S.S., Ivchenko A.V., Kodonidi M.I., Zhilina O.M.


In their structure pyrimidin-4-one derivatives are similar to the endogenous nitrogen bases. This makes it possible to predict a wide range of pharmacological activities characteristic for them. The compounds of this series exhibit neurotropic, immunotropic, actoprotective, hypotensive, antihypoxic, anti-infl ammatory and antioxidant activity. Within this framework, the search for and creation of highly effective and safe anti-infl ammatory drugs in the series of N-arylpyrimidin-4(1H)-one is of great current interest.The aim of the work is to carry out predictive studies and targeted synthesis of N-substituted derivatives of pyrimidine-4(1H)-one with anti-infl ammatory activity, as well as toconfi rm the validity of their molecular construction by the results of pharmacological tests.Materials and methods. The research was carried out using the logical-structural approach and information technologies. The computer analysis of biological activity was carried out by the PASS program. Synthesis of the target compounds was carried out using a modifi ed procedure. The structure of the synthesized compounds was confi rmed by 1H NMR, IR and UV spectroscopy. The investigation of the anti-infl ammatory effect of the synthesized compounds was carried out on the model of acute aseptic infl ammation. The synthesized substances were injected intraperitoneally, the magnitude of the edema was the criterion for evaluating the anti-infl ammatory activity.Results and discussion. In the course of the research on the basis of the logico-structural approach, hydroxyphenyl and alkyl derivatives of pyrimidin-4(1H)-one with anti-infl ammatory properties were validated. A preliminary analysis of the pharmacological properties of the predicted structures was carried out using the PASS program and the most promising compounds were selected. To synthesize the tolyl and hydroxyphenyl derivatives of pyrimidin-4(1H)-one, a modifi ed procedure was used. Its essence consists in the use of catalytic amounts of dimethylsulfoxide in order to increase the nucleophilicity of the amine component of the reaction. In order to confi rm the reliability and expediency of the molecular construction, the antiexudative activity of the target compounds was studied.Conclusion. The results of pharmacological studies indicate the prospect of searching for and creating new biologically active compounds having anti-infl ammatory activity among the tolyl and hydroxyphenyl derivatives of pyrimidin-4(1H)-one.
Pharmacy & Pharmacology. 2017;5(6):556-567
pages 556-567 views


Skripko A.A., Geller L.N., Radnaev G.G., Hadanova Т.V.


Clinical practice and content analysis of scientifi c literature indicate that for treatment of the immune-infl amatory disease called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), the use of only basic medicines (BM) is not suffi cient.The aim of the study is the organization of pharmacotherapy of JRA patients by genetically engineered biological preparations (GEBP), affecting the immune processes of the body directly.Materials and methods: the theory of marketing, content analysis, the ABC-analysis, sociological survey, pharmacoeconomic methods.Results and discussion. Depending on the individual characteristics of patients, the clinical picture of the disease can manifest itself in different ways, which requires justifi cation of the necessary schemes of GEBP pharmacotherapy at each stage of the carried out treatment. In the course of studying the organization of pharmaceutical assistance at the inpatient stage, we carried out a content analysis of 175 medical records of the patients (aged 2–17 years old) of the cardiologic department of Irkutsk State Children’s Clinical Hospital, in the dynamics of a few years (2015–2017), and the expert assessment of the degree of GEBP demand was carried out by the doctors. The analysis of the pharmacotherapy has shown that GEBP is used as monotherapy in patients with intolerance to basic medicines or to combinations with basic medicines. It is irrational to start the GIBP treatment immediately because of possible side effects and their high cost. According to the content analysis of the reports of the regional Ministry of Health on preferential drug provision of handicapped children, both in hospital and at outpatient treatment stage, the pharmacotherapy schemes including Adalimumab, Abatacept, Infl iximab, Tocilizumab, Etanercept are most in demand.Conclusion. The study of the organization of GEBP pharmacotherapy, the expert assessment carried out by the doctors, the results of the marketing analysis of the regional pharmaceutical market made it possible to substantiate and propose a rational assortment portfolio of this group of medicines for treatment of various JRA options, taking into account the price component in the Irkutsk region. The obtained results can be used for the formation of the medicinal budget of medical organizations in the region.
Pharmacy & Pharmacology. 2017;5(6):568-580
pages 568-580 views


Nikitina A.S., Tohsirova Z.M., Popova О.I.


Nowadays studying plant objects in the framework of environmental monitoring to improve the quality of herbal remedies is a very important area of research.The aim of the work is to determine the elemental composition and assessment of environmental cleanliness of rosemary shoots (Rosmarinus offi cinalis L.), introduced in Botanical garden of Pyatigorsk medical-pharmaceutical Institute (PMPI), Pyatigorsk (Russia).Materials and methods. An experimental study was performed at the Central research laboratories spectral analysis (“Kavkazgeolsyemka”) on diffraction spectrograph DFS-8-1 by evaporation from a crater of the carbon electrode. Photometric measurement of spectrograms was performed using the Atlas of spectral lines and spectra of standards with an accuracy of not more than 2% in terms of ash.Results and discussion. For the fi rst time there were 25 elements identifi ed in rosemary shoots introduced in the North Caucasus. The prevailing macro elements were K, Ca, Mg, Na, P and the trace elements were Al, Si and Fe. The toxic elements As, Cd, Hg, Bi, Sb were not detected in the rosemary shoots. Rosemary does not accumulate heavy metals or they are present in trace amounts.Conclusion. The absence of heavy metals or their low content in rosemary shoots can be explained prosperous environmental conditions of Pyatigorsk Botanical garden. The use of rosemary shoots as a source of natural compounds of primary and secondary synthesis and minerals, are involved in the regulation of life processes. This underlines the therapeutic importance of the raw materials and the possibility of creating drugs of combined action on the basis of rosemary for the treatment and prevention of pathologies associated with disorders of mineral metabolism.
Pharmacy & Pharmacology. 2017;5(6):581-588
pages 581-588 views

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