State Interest in the Aspect of Modern International Relations

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The category «interest» has a long history in political, legal and philosophical thought, which cannot be said about the state interest. For the first time, according to the author, the idea of a strong state and state interest appeared in the Renaissance, which was later addressed by many thinkers of the Enlightenment. Central to the concept of a strong state and state interests is the status of the state itself, both nationally and internationally. Consequently, this topic continues to be relevant today, which is associated with the versatility and debatable interpretations of «state interest» in modern legal literature.

The article analyzes the categories of «state interest» and «interest» in particular, while taking as a basis the political and legal teachings of N. Machiavelli and A. Richelieu; modern interpretations of the concept of «state interest» in the aspect of modern international relations are investigated. The objectives of the article include an appeal to the origins of the concept of «state interest», as well as an attempt to give the author’s definition of this concept.

The article uses methods of interpretation, description, theoretical methods of formal and dialectical logic, comparative legal method. Private-scientific methods were used, such as: historical, retrospective, legal-dogmatic methods.

CONCLUSION: The study revealed the debatability of approaches to understanding the category of «interest» and the insufficient development of the concept of «state interest» in the theory of law. Despite the fact that in the scientific legal and political literature the concepts of state and national interests are identified, we believe that these terms are not identical to each other, therefore, they must be distinguished from each other. Thus, the state interest in the article is understood as public interest, which is officially recognized by the state and is provided by the right of interest of the state-people, broadcast by the diplomatic representatives of the state in the international arena. In our opinion, the «state-people» system allows focusing on the individual and his rights, highlighting the principles of respect for the honor and dignity of the individual enshrined in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, thereby obliging the state to protect them and take its legitimate aspirations under protection. And under the national interests - the internal interests of the peoples living on the territory of Russia (this is important, since the Russian Federation is a multinational state), having their own state (since the people are a sovereign that is able to freely make decisions) and striving to develop a strong, stable and a stable state capable of ensuring the security of the entire society.

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About the authors

Ekaterina A. Motova

The Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8791-8687
SPIN-code: 2202-1119

Postgraduate Student

Russian Federation, Moscow


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