Wobbling passive dynamic postural impacts as a promising method of increasing adaptive potential and improving cardiorespiratory system function

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BACKGROUND: Passive postural exertions are used to assess orthostatic tolerance, adaptation to antiorthostatic stress and to identify the physiological effects of prolonged supine. As it was shown earlier, Wobbling Passive Dynamic Postural impacts influence on the state of functional reserves, activating long-term regulatory systems.

AIM: The purpose of paper is comparative study of the dynamics of functional indices and calculated physiological indices before and after Wobbling Passive Dynamic Postural exertions and experimental hypokinesia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 50 conditionally healthy subjects randomly divided into two groups at a ratio of 3 to 1. The first group (38 of participants) was exposed to the Wobbling Passive Dynamic Postural impacts. The subjects were in supine position for 5 minutes and then were rotated using an automatic turntable for 10 minutes, after which they were to horizontal position for 5 minutes. The angle deflection of the turntable during the Wobbling Passive Dynamic Postural impacts was from 5 to 15 degrees above or below from the base line. The subjects of the second group (12 of participants) were supine on the turntable fixed in the horizontal position for 20 minutes, thus being exposed to voluntary experimental hypokinesia. Anthropometric indices of subjects were measured before the study; functional indices were recorded continuously throughout the test. The entire study was divided into three stages, for which the values of the calculated physiological indices were presented as averages. Statistical analysis of the differences between the measured and calculated indices was performed using nonparametric statistical tests.

RESULTS: Application of both types of exertions leads to decrease of the experienced stress and more effective blood circulation, but there are expressed differences. Thus, Wobbling Passive Dynamic Postural impacts are accompanied by a decrease in heart rate, an increase in the adaptive potential, an increase in endurance, which is confirmed by statistically significant changes in the analyzed indices. On the contrary, in the voluntary experimental hypokinesia group, by the end of the 20-minute motionless lying there was a gradual increase in heart rate, decrease in endurance indices and weakening of the adaptive potential.

CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained with the use of available, previously tested, physiological techniques permit to recommend wobbling passive dynamic postural impacts as a promising method for preventing the harmful effect of hypokinesia. An advanced study of changes in the microvasculature using modern equipment based on Laser Doppler flowmetry will allow verifying the obtained results.

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About the authors

Tatyana V. Novikova

Institute of Experimental Medicine

Author for correspondence.
Email: prianishnikova.tv@iemspb.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1885-7999
SPIN-code: 5050-8827
Scopus Author ID: 57236043800

PhD student, Junior Research Associate of the Department of Ecological Physiology

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Elizaveta A. Agapova

Institute of Experimental Medicine

Email: agapova.ea@iemspb.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0767-2120
SPIN-code: 3383-9600
Scopus Author ID: 57215663447

Researcher Associate of the Department of Ecological Physiology

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Timofey V. Sergeev

Institute of Experimental Medicine

Email: stim9@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9088-0619
SPIN-code: 4952-5143
Scopus Author ID: 57201501819

Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Head of the Biofeedback Physiology Laboratory of the Department of Ecological Physiology

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Alexandr V. Shabrov

Institute of Experimental Medicine

Email: ashabrov@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7644-9918
SPIN-code: 5316-7290
Scopus Author ID: 7003970182

MD, Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor, Full Member of RAS, Chief Researcher of the Department of Ecological Physiology

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Aleksei A. Anisimov

Institute of Experimental Medicine

Email: g4nslinger@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1363-1971
SPIN-code: 3787-6945
Scopus Author ID: 56349671900

Cand. Sci. (Engineering), Researcher Associate of the Department of Ecological Physiology

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Mariya V. Kuropatenko

Institute of Experimental Medicine

Email: kuropatenko.mv@iemspb.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4214-9412
SPIN-code: 5024-3499
Scopus Author ID: 57222538102

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med.), Assistant Professor, Leading Research Associate of the Department of Ecological Physiology

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg


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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
1. Fig. 1. The subjects: a — of wobbling passive dynamic postural group; b — of voluntary experimental hypokinesia group

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2. Fig. 2. The ratio of the direction of the dynamics of changes in the parameters of the subjects within the groups of wobbling passive dynamic postural impacts (left column) and voluntary experimental hypokinesia (right column) at the 19th minute to the 4th: a — functional indicators; b — functional indicators and physiological indices tending to the ideal value or range; c — physiological indices. HR — heart rate; SBP — systolic blood pressure; DBP — diastolic blood pressure; MAP — mean arterial pressure; PP — pulse blood pressure; RR — respiratory rate; PRQ — pulse-respiration quotient; KAI — Kerdo autonomic index; PCL — physical condition level; HC — health coefficient; IFC — index of functional changes; AP — adaptive potential; RI — Robinson index; CE — coefficient of endurance; CEC — coefficient of blood circulation efficiency; SEL — stress experienced level. 1 p = 0.04; 2 p = 0.01; 3 p = 0.04; 4 p = 0.04; 5 p = 0.04; 6 p = 0.02

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3. Fig. 3. Changes in parameters of subjects exposed to wobbling passive dynamic postural (WPDP) impacts or voluntary experimental hypokinesia (VEH) by the 19th minute compared with the 4th: а — functional parameters; b — physiological indices. Markers show the value of the median, whiskers show the boundaries of the interquartile range. For index designations, see the caption to Fig. 1

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4. Fig. 4. Distribution of subjects according to Kerdo autonomic index in the analyzed groups at the 19th minute of the study (% of the number of groups). WPDP — wobbling passive dynamic postural impacts; VEH — voluntary experimental hypokinesia

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