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Studies of the structural and functional characteristic of neuroglia under normal and pathological conditions of the nervous system is an important objective of current neurobiology. A large series of proteins applied as astrocyte markers in research and diagnostics is available. The enzyme markers of astrocytes are of special interest. The present review sums up published data about the use of such markers in immunohistochemistry. It is shown that, in spite of that they are widely used, each of them taken separately is not specific enough for the correct identification of astrocytes.

E G Sukhorukova

Institute of Experimental Medicine

St. Petersburg, Russia

V V Guselnikova

Institute of Experimental Medicine

St. Petersburg, Russia

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