Vol 20, No 1 (2012)

Articles
Immunohistochemical study of the endocrine cells in the pancreas of the actinopterygian fishes ( Actinopterigii)
Savelieva E.S., Proshchina A.E.
Abstract
The endocrine tissue in the pancreas of 10 actinopterygian fishes (Actinopterigii) species was investigated in present study. Insulin-immunoreactive cells in the most of the studied species (except A. Anguilla, E. Lucius, C. Carpio) had the spherical shape. Glucagon-immunoreactive and somatostatin-immunoreactive cells had the spindle shape with cytoplasmic processes in all species. Insulin-immunoreactive cells were located in the central region of the pancreatic islets; glucagon-immunoreactive cells were located on islet periphery in the most of these species. In A. ruthenus the islets contained only insulin-positive cells. In this case glucagon-and somatostatin-positive cells were distributed around the islets, single cells and small clasters were scaterred throughout the pancreas. In the islets of A. Anguilla, insulin-immunoreactive cells were found in the peripheral region, glucagon-immunoreactive cells were located in the central region. The observed polymorphism of the islets and endocrine cells can not be explained by feeding habits of fishes.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):6-15
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The effect of small doses of ionizing irradiation on histochemical characteristics of rats brain cortex
Ilicheva V.N., Ushakov B.N.
Abstract
Changes of activity of energetic metabolism enzymes were studied in rats brain cortex after a single exposure of irradiation in a dose of 0,5 Gy. The comparison of histochemical indicators in neocortex, archicortex and paleocortex has been carried out.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):17-20
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MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMAN TRACHEA AND BNOCHI GLANDS OF SMOKING AND NON-SMOKING ADULT MEN
Kolesnicova E.V., Sidorova E.I., Mihailova L.P., Makarova O.V.
Abstract
This work describes macroscopic, hystological and morphometrical study of human trachea and bronchi glands of smoking and non-smoking adult men. The study shows that number of excretory ducts of the glands in trachea, main right and distal bronchus is 3-4 times larger for smokers, rather that for non-smokers. Also, a growth of volumetric fraction of bronchial glands and mucous acini in main right and common bronchi was reliably identified for smokers versus non-smokers. These findings indicate that smoking not only increases the volumetric fraction of glads in bronchial wall, but also leads to growth of number of glands.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):21-26
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Involutive changes of pelvicalyceal system of person’s kidneys according to ultrasound and morphologic studies
Stabredov A.V., Kafarov E.S.
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to study age-dependent changes of calix and pelvis. Morphometric sizing of 68 people from the age of 30 to 89 was carried out. 100 corrosion preparations of pelvicalyceal system of kidneys were made. Histilogic sections of calix and pelvis of 32 kdneys were painted by hematoxylin-eosin, by Van-Gizon and Mallory. The data of ultrasound diagnostic of kidneys of 66 people (132 kidneys) from the age of 13 to 80 without pathobiology were studied. Against the background of involution of the sizes of kidneys, the volume of pelvicalyceal system increases. In spite of the fact that the average indicants of the volume of pelvicalyceal system in this period fall down, in some cases pelvis can be widen. It is found out that in geratic age the paries of pelvis become thinner. It can be connected both with the changes of the structure of the paries itself and with the widening of the pelvis due to obstructive nephropathy with the people of this age ( it is more common with males).
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):27-31
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FUNCTIONAL MORPHOLOGY OF HYPOTHALAMIC NUCLEI IN TUBERCULOSIS (THE MECHANISM AND THE ROLE OF HYPOTHALAMUS IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF THE DISEASE)
Papkov V.G., Soldatov V.A.
Abstract
Supraoptic, paraventricular, arcuate and posterior hypothalamic nuclei of 26 men who died of tuberculosis were examined. The examination revealed the disorder of circulatory processes associated with a decrease in average volum of other nuclei karion except the posterior nucleus. In the large cell cores we found out change in the ratio of neurocytes with signs of neurocecretion of variocil etapes. We consider that these changes dow the participation of hypothalamus in the pathogenesis of the disease.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):32-35
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MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES OF SMALL INTESTINE AT MICE BALB/C IN LONG-TERM PERIOD AFTER SPLENECTOMY
Nechay V.V.
Abstract
The morphological changes of duodenum, jejunum and ileum of male mice Balb/c on the 30 th and 60 th day after experimental splenectomy were studied. The findings have shown the development of the adaptive processes, morphologically manifested in the rise of mitotic activity of epithelial cells of crypts and increase of portion of column epithelial cells per villus, as well as the tendency to decreasing of height of villi and depth of crypts of intestine.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):36-41
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Dynamics of some biochemical parameters in patients with peripheral occlusive arterial disease at different periods following reconstructive surgery
Kalinin R.E., Suchkov I.A., Nikiforov A.A., Phennikov A.S.
Abstract
According to various authors and our own experience, intimal hyperplasia develops in 40-50% cases following reconstructive surgeries causing complications in post-operative period by the development of restenosis. Nowadays more importance in the development of intimal hyperplasia is given to the dynamics of different biochemical parameters of blood plasma. This work represents the analysis of blood plasma endothelin-1, adhesion molecules and C-reactive protein rates in patients with peripheral occlusive arterial disease at different periods following reconstructive surgery. Research was performed in 25 male patients with peripheral occlusive arterial disease stage IIb-IV according to Fontaine-Pokrovsky classification who underwent reconstructive surgery with the use of allo-prostesis.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):42-45
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RESEARCH OF THE INDICATORS OF THE OXIDATIVE STRESS IN THE OSTEOARTHROSIS OF THE BLOOD
Trilis Y.G., Mescheryakova M.G., Kirillova N.V., Alpatova T.F., Muhin I.A., Kozhevin A.A.
Abstract
Complex laboratory examination of patients of the different diseases of the knee joint osteoarthrosis was detected the regularity of metabolic disorders in the form of the activation of the prooxidativ system and the inhibition of enzymatic part of the antioxidativ system. The correlation between the degree of the oxidative stress and the severity of clinical manifestations of the osteoarthrosis was established. The most relevant clinically indicators of blood for laboratory diagnosis of the osteoarthrosis such as the aliphatic aldehyde groups of the oxidated proteins and the activity of the paraoxanase were identified.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):46-51
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THE STUDY OF THE DIRECT ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF PHYTOECDYSTERONE IN VITRO
Shchulkin A.V., Yakusheva E.N., Davydov V.V., Darmogray V.N.
Abstract
In vitro studies revealed that phytoecdysterone isolated from Silence nutans and Silence tatarica activates the formation of superoxide in model systems of quercetin and adrenaline autooxidation. It is shown that phytoecdysterone suppresses the development an ascorbate and NADPH 2-dependent iron induced lipid peroxidation. Phytoecdysterone is comparable with cudesane (vitamin E and coenzyme Q10) on ability to suppress ascorbate-depend lipid peroxidation.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):52-58
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Delta-sleep inducing peptide and neuronal activity in dorsal hyppocampus after ventro-medial hypothalamus stimulation
Grigorchuk O.S., Umriukhin P.E.
Abstract
In male Wistar rats 30 neurons of dorsal hippocampus were analyzed after stimulation of ventromedial hypothalamus and delta-sleep inducing peptide microiontophoretic application. It was shown that half of those neurons responded to this stimulation by the rise of impulsation frequency. These neurons predominantly belonged to rats predisposed to stress. Resistant to stress rats were characterized by the absence of neuronal activation after hypothalamic stimulation. Delta-sleep inducing peptide application increased sensitivity of their neurons to stimulation of hypothalamus.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):59-64
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AGE ASPECTS OF VEGETATIVE REGULATION CARDIO-VASCULAR SYSTEM BY SPORTSMEN OF BOTH SEXES
Kudrya O.N.
Abstract
In this article are described the peculiarities of vegetative regulation cardio-vascular system by sportsmen of both sexes. It is established that maturation of segment sections of vegetative nervous system by sportsmen of both sexes is proceeded heterochrony. Functional activity of the highest oversegment structurs of vegetative nervous system which participate in forming adaptive answer cardiovascular system in response to orthostatic influence is shown at the age of 9 – 14 years and don't depend on sex of person.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):65-70
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TEENAGERS’ SMOKING AS MEDICO-SOCIAL PROBLEM
Dmitrieva O.V., Kazaeva O.V.
Abstract
In this article there are the results of the studies on smoking among teenagers in the age 14-17 years. 254 school children of 9-11 classes were examined. The conclusion about the high level of smoking prevalence among children and teenagers has drawn. This fact considerably determines unfavorable prognosis of the population health state in the near future. Solution of this most important medico-social problem requires urgent measures on preservation and promotion of health of the younger generation, what provides the different levels and courses of actions.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):71-75
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TENDENCIES OF MORTALITY OF THE RUSSIAN TEENAGERS FROM SUICIDES IN COMPARISON WITH OTHER EXTERNAL CAUSES OF DEATH
Chernobavsky M.V.
Abstract
The article presents results from analysis of the dynamics of russian teenagers mortality 15-19 years from suicides in different periods of social and economical development of the country. The estimation of the evolution of teenage mortality from suicide on the background from death and traumas as a whole is given.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):76-80
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LOAD-CARRYING CARDIOLOGY: WORKING RESULTS AND THEIR DISCUSSION
Agafonova L.V., Zaikina N.V.
Abstract
The test with the physical activity is the most frequent cardiologic test, used for diagnostics of the coronary heart disease (CHD), for prediction of the disease and valuation of the therapy effectiveness. Load-carrying test was prosecuted using tredmil, protocols were standard and universal (BRUCE, МOD BRUCE, J.Naughton). The selection of the protocol type was individual. There were examined 294 patients, among that men of 40-60 years prevailed. Were also analyzed: frequency of using of the indicated protocols (87,8% – МOD BRUCE); results of the test (8,8% – positive tests, 73,2% – negative tests, 7,1% – doubtful tests) and executed loading in metabolic units.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):81-86
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THE INFLUENCE OF HYPERVENTILATION ON LIFE QUALITY OF PATIENTS WITH BRONCHIAL ASTHMA
Rakita D.R., Kuspanaliyeva D.S.
Abstract
Nowadays the problem of life quality estimation is of great concern. The aim of our investigation was to show how presence of hyperventilation syndrome influences the life quality and asthma control of patients. 78 patients were examined. It was shown that hyperventilation has a negative influence on life quality and asthma control of the patients.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):87-91
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ON Noninvasive diagnostics of ischemic heart disease in women
Loshakova O.D.
Abstract
Existing features of physiology of cardiovascular system, insufficiency of modern knowledge, absence of vigilance of the medical personnel concerning development IHD in women lead to difficulties of diagnostics of this pathology. Despite existence invasive diagnostic methods, such as coronaroangiography, noninvasive diagnostics IHC in women is actually.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):92-97
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THE COMPARATIVE EFFICIENCY OF CHONROITINE SULFATE AND HYALURONIC ACID IN PATIENTS WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE JOINT
Dolgova E.A., Zaigrova N.K., Rakita D.R.
Abstract
Comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee joint (OA COP) with chondroitine sulfate (CS) and intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (HA), as well as their impact on the demand in NSAID therapy and life quality of patients.45 patients (males and females) with OA of the COP in age from 35 to 82 years with duration of disease 7 years were included into the 12-month study. We used SF-36, VAS, radiography and MRI. Patients were devided into 3 groups: Group 1 – intra-articular injections of glucocorticoids 1,0 ml 3-5 a week, Group 2 – 500 mg CS, 1 capsule 2 times a day for 6 months. Group 3 – taking only NSAIDs.There was a significant symptomatic effect of corticosteroids and CS. Therapy with corticosteroids and CS showed slower progression of OA of the COP, that allows to refer them to structural-modifying drugs.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):98-103
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Role psychoeducation of patient with affective disorders in frames of rehabilitation help
Petrov D.S.
Abstract
The article considerers the problem of psychoeducation of patients with affective disorders. The purpose of research is estimate the level of knowledge of patients of their disease and the methods of its treatment. We estimated the level of information. It was found necessary to raise the quality and the efficiency of the specialized help by mean of education programs.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):104-107
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RECURRENCE OF BREAST CANCER AFTER CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT
El A.H., Kukikov E.P., Shomova M.V.
Abstract
Based on clinical data were obtained by the results of treatment of breast cancer after conservative surgery and the relation between diagnostic factors and relapse of the disease, depending on its location and morphological forms.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):108-111
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RHINOSEPTOPLASTY FOR COMBINED POSTTRAUMATIC DEFORMITY OF NOSE SUCH AS RHINOSCOLIOSIS AND RHINOLORDOSIS ASSOCIATED WITH NASAL SEPTUM DEFORMITY
Medvedev V.A.
Abstract
In the article the Author presents his personal method of rhinoplasty when combination of rhinoscoliosis and rhinolordosis associated with nasal septum deformity. The particularity of the technique is in the set of osteotomies wich are rerformed through the 4 narrow tunnels joining one another the point of nasion. The fifth tunnel to create a pocket for the cartilage graft doesn’t communicate all others to prevent any further graft displacement. Four-tunnels osteotomy could be regarded as an alternative technigue in rhinoscoliosis along with transcutaneous osteotomy and traditional osteotomy through the intercartilage incisions.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):112-116
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Dynamics of Indicators electrical conductivity of dental hard tissues IN THE TREATMENT OF hypersensitivity with a complex preparation containing potassium fluoride and ecdysterone
Ogneva A.N., Darmogray V.N., Morozova S.I., Tabolina E.S.
Abstract
Done examination and treatment of 87 patients aged from 21 to 58 years with hypersensitivity hard tissue caused by the non-carious lesions (wedge-shaped defect, abnormal abrasion, erosion) and gingival recession. Treatment of hyperesthesia of hard dental tissue was performed using a complex preparation containing potassium fluoride and ecdysterone. The effectiveness of the treatment was evaluated by the dynamics of changes of parameters of electrical conductivity of dental hard tissues before treatment, immediately after the course of treatment and at 1, 6 and 12 months. The study revealed decrease in electrical conductivity in all groups studied, indicating the high performance of treatment of sensitivity dental hard tissues by complex preparation containing potassium fluoride and ecdysterone.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):117-120
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The mass-spectrometry study of different blueberry (Vaccinium uliginosum) organs element composition
Talanov A.A., Kruglov D.S., Fursa N.S.
Abstract
The element composition of overground and underground Vaccinium uliginosum organs was determined by mass-spectrometry method.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):121-126
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Reconstruction of the trachea. OVERVIEW OF THE PROBLEM
Nikitina E.M., Sobolewski V.A.
Abstract
The paper presents an overview of the current world literature on the problem of reconstruction of the trachea in its defeat of primary tumors and metastases. The problem of restoring the integrity of the respiratory tract after extensive resection of the trachea has not been solved and remains valid. There are a large number of operations that are effective in eliminating the need of small defects. However, attempts to replace the extended circular defects of the trachea after resection of tumors in clinical practice remain unsuccessful.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):127-137
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THE PROGNOSTICHESKY IMPORTANCE OF INFRINGEMENTS OF THE RHYTHM AND CONDUCTIVITY AT SICK OF THE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
Molyanova A.A., Nikulina N.N.
Abstract
Now diseases of cardiovascular system confidently keep superiority in structure of death rate of the population. Studying of complications of illnesses of bodies of the blood circulation which are an immediate cause of death is of interest. Authors of article study a problem of infringements and conductivity at sick of a the myocardial infarction, prevalence, influence of the given complications on a current and a disease outcome. The special attention in article is given bundle blocks as to less studied problem. Predictive value of infringements of a rhythm of heart and conductivity can be used further in practical cardiology for stratification of risk at sick of a myocardial infarction.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):138-143
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PSYCHOTHERAPY ROLE IN COMPLEX TREATMENT OF A PRIMARY OPEN ANGLE GLAYCOMA
Chernobavskaya M.N., Sokolov V.A.
Abstract
At primary оpen angle glaucoma emotional infringements, signs social adaptation infringement are often enough defined. Stressful situations and negative emotions promote increase of intraocular pressure at patients open angle glaucoma. At inspection patients had raised level of uneasiness, emotional instability, social adaptation infringement. The depression, the suppressed reaction of anger, emotional stress can promote development of an angiospasm and blood-groove decrease in a brain, a retina and an optic nerve. Correcting the psychological status of patients it is possible to affect positively haemodynamics and hydrodynamics condition, to improve visual functions and to slow down progressing process of the glaucoma. The positive effect is marked after application psychopharmacotherapy in a combination to psychotropic pharmacotherapy. At patients it is noted reduction of the area of blind maculae, reduction of quantity of scotomas in the central field of vision, augmentation of a nasal stock of a field of vision is objectively registered. Efficiency of psychotherapy is marked mainly at an early stage of illness when there are no rough organic changes.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):144-151
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PROBLEMS AND HEALTH SECURITY PERSONNEL MEDICAL WORKERS WITH AVERAGE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
Medvedeva O.V., Litvinova N.I., Komarov N.V.
Abstract
The paper presents an analysis of security personnel with secondary vocational education in the Ryazan region. The estimation of the health of nurses based on the survey, which used a subjective perception and attitude of the respondents, as well as place the category of "health" in the system of values.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):152-155
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ESTIMATION OF HEALTH AND ADAPTATION POTENTIAL OF AN ORGANISM OF TEENAGERS GETTING THE PRIMARY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
Kazaeva O.V., Kiryushin V.A., Stuneeva G.Y.
Abstract
In this article there are the research results of health state and adaptation potential of teenagers, studying in institutions of the primary vocational education. The conclusion about the possibility of a differentiated approach at admission to the vocational education, carrying out of medical vocational guidance and medical professional consultation on the basis of account of the health state and individual peculiarities of an organism has drawn.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):156-158
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K SVEDENIYu AVTOROV
- -.
Abstract
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(1):160-163
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