Assessment of life quality in disabled individuals

Abstract


This article presents the study of the features of the subjective evaluation the quality of life of disabled people. The article contains a comparative analysis of Paralympians and persons with locomotor disorders and a comparison of Paralympian and professional athletes. The study describes the features of perception of the life in a time perspective and considers some characteristics of the quality of life (self-attitude, coping strategies, values). Within the framework of the presented research which was revealed Paralympians' positive assessment of their quality of life, unlike the comparison group (athletes and persons with locomotor disorders). An orientation to the future and positive assessment of the present tense are typical for paralimpians. They demonstrate a high level of satisfaction with social relationships, positive view of their own health, and the harmonic type of relationship to the disease, which allows adequate distribute their own strength and to determine their capabilities. Paralympians confront to their physical defect by overcoming the difficulties that they face in everyday life, and through sports. The structure of the Paralympians' attitude to yourself indicates the importance of the self-development indicators and orientation to overcome the difficulties. Thus, Paralympians show less interest in the others assessment of their capabilities and achievements as opposed to professional athletes. Sport is a life that allows Paralympians feel full member of society. Sport helps Paralympians to exclude from their behavior destructive forms of responses in stressful situations, which are typical for people with disorders of the musculoskeletal system, who also not involved in sports and don't take active part in a social relations.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

Tatyana V Malikova

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University of Health Ministry of Russia

Email: lotus_76@mail.ru
PhD, Associate Professor. Department of General and Applied Psychology at the Rate of Biomedical Sciences. St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University.

Dmitry G Pirogov

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University of Health Ministry of Russia

Email: icart.pirogov@gmail.com
MD, PhD, Associate Professor. Department of Clinical Psychology. St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University.

References

  1. Абульханова-Славская К.А. Деятельность и психология личности. - М., 2008. [Abul’hanova-Slavskaya KA. Activity and psychology of personality. М., 2008. (In Russ).]
  2. Алмакаева А.М. Субъективное качество жизни: основные проблемы исследования // Вестник СамГУ. - 2006. - № 5/1. - C. 41-7. [Almakaeva AM. Subjective quality of life: the main problems of research. Vestnik SamGU. 2006;(5/1):41-47. (In Russ).]
  3. Андреенкова Н.В. Сравнительный анализ удовлетворенностью жизнью и определяющих ее факторов // Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены. - 2010. - № 5. - C. 189-215. [Andreenkova NV. Compararive analysis of life contentment and the factors that determinate it. Monitoring obschestvennogo mnenija: ekonomicheskie i social'nye peremeny. 2010;(5):189-215. (In Russ).].
  4. Баранова А.В. Экономико-психологические детерминанты субъективного качества жизни: Автореф. дис. … канд. психол. наук. - М., 2005. [Baranova AV. Economical-psychological determinates of subjective quality of life [dissertation]. Мoscow; 2005. (In Russ).]
  5. Бурковский Г.В., Левченко Е.В., Беркман А.М. Об исследованиях здоровья и качества жизни // Обозрение психиатрии и медицинской психологии имени В.М. Бехтерева. - СПб., 2004. - № 1. - C. 27-8. [Burkovskiy GV, Levchenko EV, Berkman AM. Obozrenie psihiatrii I medicinskoy psihologii imeni V.M. Behtereva. Saint Petersburg; 2004;(1):27-28. (In Russ).]
  6. Вассерман Л.И. Внутренняя картина болезни в структуре качества жизни у больных с соматической патологией // Сибирский психологический журнал. - 2008. - № 27. - C. 67-71. [Vasserman LI. Internal picture of illness in the structure of life quality among patients with somatic pathology. Sibirskiy psihologicheskiy zhurnal. 2008;(27):67-71. (In Russ).]
  7. Головина Г.М. Удовлетворенность жизнью и стили поведения. Материалы Всероссийского съезда Российского психологического общества. - СПб.: Российское психологическое общество, 2003. [Golovina GM. Contentment of life and styles of behavior. Materialy Vserossijskogo s’ezda Rossijskogo psihologicheskogo obschestva. Saint Petersburg: Rossijskoe psihologicheskoe obsschestvo; 2003. (In Russ).]
  8. Джидарьян И.А., Антонова Е.В. Проблема общей удовлетворенностью жизнью: теоретическое и эмпирическое исследование. Сознание личности в кризисном обществе. - М., 1995. - C. 76-94. [Dzhidar'yan IA, Antonova EV. Problema obshchey udovletvorennost'yu zhizn'yu: teoreticheskoe i empiricheskoe issledovanie. Soznanie lichnosti v krizisnom obshchestve. Moscow; 1995:76-94.]
  9. Зараковский Г.М. Качество жизни населения России: психологические составляющие. - М.: Смысл, 2009. [Zarakovskiy GM. The quality of life of population of Russia: psychological approaches. Moscow: Smysl; 2009. (In Russ).]
  10. Змановская Е.В. Девиантология (Психология отклоняющегося поведения): учеб. пособие для студ. высш. учеб. заведений. -М., 2006. [Zmanovskaja E.V. Deviantology (Psychology of deviant behaviour: teaching book for students)]. Moscow; 2006. (In Russ).]
  11. Кулайкин В.И. Социально-психологические параметры качества жизни в различных социальных группах: Автореф. дис. … канд. психол. наук. - Кострома, 2006. [Kulajkin VI. Social-psychological parameters of life quality in different social groups [dissertation]. Kostroma; 2006. (In Russ).]
  12. Лебедева А.А. Качество жизни лиц с ограниченными возможностями здоровья: от средового подхода к личностному // Психология. Журнал Высшей школы экономики. - 2012. - Т. 9. - № 2. - C. 1-19. [Lebedeva AA. The life quality of persons with disabilities: from enviromental to personal approach. Psihologija. Zhurnal Vyschey shkoly ekonomiki.2012;9(2):1-19. (In Russ).]
  13. Марьясова Д.А. Психическая адаптация спортсменов-инвалидов с поражением опорно-двигательного аппарата; Автореф. дис. … канд. мед. наук. - М., 2013. [Marjasova D.A. The psychological adaptation of disabled athletes with locomotory system impairments. [dissertation]. Мoscow; 2013. (In Russ).]
  14. Мащенко И.В. Метод оценки индивидуального качества жизни. - Минск: Изд-во ГУО «Белорусская медицинская академия последипломного образования», 2009. [Mascenko IV. Metod ocenki individual'nogo kachestva zhizni [Method of valuation of individual quality of life]. Minsk: Izd-vo GUO “Belorusskaja medicinskaja akademia poslediplomnogo obrazovanija”; 2009. (In Russ).]
  15. Пантилеев С.Р., Столин В.В Методы измерения локуса контроля // Бодалев A.A., Столин В.В. Общая психодиагностика. - М., 1987. - C. 278-285. [Panteleev SR, Stolin VV. Methods of measurement of locus of control. In: A.A. Bodalev, V.V. Stolin. Obschaja psihodiagnostika. Мoscow; 1987:278-285. (In Russ).]
  16. Савченко Т.И., Соколов Е.Я. Мотивация и удовлетворенность жизнью // Методы исследования психологических структур и их динамики. - М.: Институт психологии РАН, 2001. [Savchenko TI, Sokolov EY. Motivation and contentment of life. In: Metody issledovanija psihologicheskih struktur i ih dinamiki. Мoscow: Institut psihologii RAN; 2001. (In Russ).]
  17. Сопов В.Ф., Карпушина Л.В. Морфологический тест жизненных ценностей: pуководство по применению. - Самара: Изд-во СамИКП-СНЦ РАН, 2002. [Sopov VF, Karpushina LV. Morphological test of life values: handbook. Samara: Izd-vo SamIKP-SNC RAN; 2002. (In Russ).]
  18. Угланова Е.А. Влияние феномена субъективного экономического благополучия на оценку качества жизни: Дис. ... канд. психол. наук. - Ярославль: ЯРГУ, 2003. [Uglanova EA. Influence of the phenomenon of subjective economical well-being on valuation of life quality [dissertation]. Yaroslavl’; 2003. (In Russ).]
  19. Argyle M, Martin M, Crossland J. Happiness as a function of personality and social encounters. In J.P. Forgas, J.M. Innes, ed. Recent Advances in Social Psychology: an international perspective. Amsterdam, North Holland: Elsevier Science Publishers; 1989:189-203.
  20. Diener E. Measuring Quality Of Life: economic, social and subjective indicators. Social Indicators Research. 1997;(40):190-216.
  21. Rapley M. Quality of Life Research: A Critical Introduction Text. London: Sage Publications; 2003.
  22. Roy I. Brown Quality of life for people with disabilities: models, research and practice. Cheltenham: Stanley Thornes; 1998.
  23. Veenhoven R. Greater Happiness for a Greater Number. Is that Possible and Desirable? J of Happiness Studies. 2010;11(5):605-629. doi: 10.1007/s10902-010-9204-z.
  24. Гордеев В.И., Александрович Ю.С. Качество жизни (QOL) - новый инструмент оценки развития детей. - СПб.: Речь, 2001. - 200 с. [Gordeev VI, Aleksandrovich YS. Kachestvo zhizni (QOL) - novyy instrument otsenki razvitiya detey. Saint Petersburg: Rech'; 2001. 200 p. (In Russ).]

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 679

PDF (Russian) - 639

Cited-By


PlumX


Copyright (c) 2016 Malikova T.V., Pirogov D.G.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies