Features of assimilation of knowledge by students at the process of studying the discipline “Functional anatomy of the central nervous system”

Abstract


In the article the process of assimilation of knowledge when studying discipline "Functional anatomy of the central nervous system" at faculty of clinical psychology of GBOU VPO "St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University" of the Ministry of Health of Russia is analyzed. In the course of assimilation the preparatory stage of studying of a subject is of great importance. The teacher focuses attention of students that anatomy as the descriptive discipline is subjective in the basis. It causes need of development of the uniform principles and approaches to the description of a structure of various anatomical structures. At the first stage of assimilation of knowledge there is a perception of a certain anatomic object; allocation of its properties and qualities on the offered algorithm is carried out. At the second stage the judgment of the most essential communications and the relations of the object of studying is made. At the third stage there is a process of imprinting and storing of features of a structure of the studied object, and also its communications and functions allocated as a result of repeated visualization and repetition. At the fourth stage active reproduction by a student of acquired knowledge and understanding of its essential properties and the relations is carried out. Only at this stage the teacher can estimate quality of the acquired knowledge by students. The fifth stage assumes active use of the acquired knowledge, its creative transformation, application in studying of other subject matters.

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About the authors

Natalia Yu Zavarzina

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University of Health Ministry of Russia

Email: nzavarzina@mail.ru
PhD, Associate Professor. Department of General and Applied Psychology at the Rate of Biomedical Sciences. St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University.

Olga S Kulbakh

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University of Health Ministry of Russia

Email: os_koulbakh@mail.ru
MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Professor.Department of General and Applied Psychology at the Rate of Biomedical Sciences. St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University.

Elena R Zinkevich

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University of Health Ministry of Russia

Email: lenazinkevich@mail.ru
PhD, Associate Professor. Department of General and Applied Psychology at the Rate of Biomedical Sciences. St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University.

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Copyright (c) 2016 Zavarzina N.Y., Kulbakh O.S., Zinkevich E.R.

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