The features and diagnostics of differentiated thyroid carcinoma of children and adolescents

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Abstract


The main purpose of research was to study and evaluate the featres and diagnosis of differentiated thyroid carcinoma of children and adolescents. The total of 63 patients with thyroid cancer who had undergone surgery in 1994-2013 in heir hildhood were examined. The history, clinical symptoms, results of pre- and postoperative instrumental and laboratory studies were analyzed. The research showed that three-quarters of thyroid carcinoma patients do not complain. Medical examinations of teenagers allowed to reveal the disease in more than half of cases. Significant place in the diagnostics of thyroid carcinoma occupies ultrasound and fine-needle biopsy (FNB). The most persistent symptoms of thyroid carcinoma are hypoechoic node and indistinct contours of node. The sensitivity of fine-needle aspiration biopsy in relation to thyroid carcinoma was 72.1%. Almost a quarter of patients with thyroid carcinoma combined it with autoimmune thyroid disorders.

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About the authors

Yulia L Skorodok

St Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: julia_skorodok@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD, Associate Professor. Department of Pediatrics, Endocrinology and Abilitologii AF and DPO

Milena N Yakovleva

St Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: milena-yakovleva@bk.ru

Russian Federation Postgraduate Student. Department of Pediatrics, Endocrinology and Abilitologii AF and DPO

Aleksandr V Gostimsky

St Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: gostimsky@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Professor, Head. Department of General Medical Practice

Lyudmila Alexandrovna Zhelenina

St Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: jelenina@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Professor, Head. Department of Pediatrics, Endocrinology and Abilitologii AF and DPO

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Copyright (c) 2016 Skorodok Y.L., Yakovleva M.N., Gostimsky A.V., Zhelenina L.A.

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