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Author Guidelines


   We accept submissions strictly online, via the form available at our website.

Please fill in complete information about the authors.

Please upload your manuscript as a Microsoft Office Word document (*.doc, *.docx or *.rtf formats).

   Supplementary materials (figures) should be submitted as separate files with an appropriate caption (e.g.: “Fig. 3. Mutation rate”).

   1.1. Manuscript length for review articles should not exceed 60000 characters (incl. spaces), original research papers should not exceed 40000 characters (incl. spaces), together with tables, list of references, figure legends and summary.

   1.2. Text formatting. Lettering in Times New Roman is preferable in all cases (font size 14 pt with 1.5 line spacing and 2 cm margins). Kindly refrain from using underlining in your document (italic and bold formatting is acceptable). Remove all repeated spaces between words and extra spaces between paragraphs.

   1.3. File structure. The journal editorial board prefers to receive a manuscript as a single complete file with all figures, tables and any additional supplemental materials. Requirements for figures and tables are listed in section 2.2.


   2.1. The title should be short (maximum of 200 characters, incl. spaces) and reflect the content of the article.

   Authors and their affiliated institutions, linked by superscript numbers, should be listed beneath the title on the opening page of the manuscript. The name of the corresponding author should be labeled with an asterisk (*).

   Each affiliation (without abbreviations) should be followed by city and country names.

   Abstract of an original study should start with some brief background information and statement of the study’s GOALS, followed by MATERIALS & METHODS and finishing with the RESULTS. The closing sentence should outline the main CONCLUSIONS of the study in the most comprehensible terms. Please note that your abstract should not exceed 250 words (1500-2000 characters) or less.

   Abstracts are not needed when publishing reports devoted to remarkable scientists, reports of conferences, newsletters.

Keywords (3-10)

2.2. Main body

   The body of the text should start with a brief Introduction, describing the paper’s significance. In the case of an original study, the body of the paper should follow a common structured approach to the description of the studies aim, its materials, methods and results, as well as Discussion and Conclusions sections.

   Materials and Methods section identifies methods and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other scientists to reproduce the results. Identify the manufacturer of drugs, chemicals and equipment.

   Identify statistical procedures in sufficient detail to allow the reader to reproduce the results using the stock data. The descriptions such as “the results were assessed with the standard methods of variation statistics” are unacceptable.  Description of statistical procedures should be followed by references to standard editions (the page number is mandatory) or to public websites where used formulae are described in detail. Define all specific terms, abbreviation and symbols. For measurements, use SI units.

   Results should include a quantitative assessment of the observations which must be proved by accuracy indices (standard error or confidence interval). For example: 27.9±0.47; 27.46 27.9 28.40; 0 + 0.78, 100 – 0.53. Indicate precise p-value, unless p<0.001. When assessing a hypothesis, note that p-value shows no information concerning the effect size, probability of replicating an effect (Prep), probability of a significant effect in replication (Psrep), Likelihood Ratio or probability that the null hypothesis is true.

   Figures. A maximum of five figures is allowed. All curves, numbers, letters and other symbols should be explained in the figure legend. All figures should be embedded into the text and also submitted as separate image files suitable for black-and-white or grayscale printing prepared in a pixel format tiff (tagged image file format 300–600 dpi), bmp, or a vector format Adobe Illustrator (ai, eps). Maximum width of the image is 18 cm.

   Tables. Enumerate your tables, give those a heading and clearly marked all columns that would be easy to read and comprehend. Do not duplicate data in the text, figures and tables.

   Discussion section should be finalized by general conclusions.

   In review papers the Materials and Methods section may be replaced by the main content of the manuscript followed by “Conclusion”, “Acknowledgments” and “References” sections.

2.3. Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements section should comprise the following:

  • clarification regarding any potential or actual conflicts of interest of the authors. Any affiliations, financial relations, financial or political interests in the manuscript as a whole or in part, including employment and other liabilities that may result in withholding or deliberate corruption of data or adversely influenced interpretation, are considered a conflict of interest and must be explicitly stated as such. Please note that conflicts of interest do not impede a publication, though failure to disclose one does. If there are no interests to declare, this should be stated as “The authors declare no conflict of interest” or similar wording.
  • a brief list of funding sources for the results reported in the paper, as well as the publication process itself (e.g. a commercial organization, a foundation or government grant, etc.).
  • an optional note describing the roles or responsibilities of the authors. You may also place here an acknowledgment for any individuals or organizations that assisted in your work.

2.4. References

   List of References should be organized according to the guidelines by U.S. National Information Standards Organization NISO Z39.29-2005 [R2010]) in AMA style (Journal of American Medical Association style. For detailed instructions on bibliographic formatting, see «References list guidelines». The following are the principal points you should be aware of while preparing your manuscript for submission:

  • references should be numbered in the order in which they are cited;
  • "self-citing" should be minimized with the exceptions of urgent necessity (absence of other references or because of continuation of cited researches);
  • within the body of the text references should be provided in Arabic numerals enclosed in square brackets;
  • a complete list of all references should be presented according to the guidelines by U.S. National Information Standards Organization NISO Z39.29-2005 [R2010]) in AMA style. For detailed instructions on bibliographic formatting, see «References list guidelines». Do not shorten titles of your citations. Shortened journal titles should correspond to the MedLine catalogue. If the journal is not indexed by MedLine, please provide its full title.

   If the article you cite has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), paste it in the end of the reference. You can check DOI availability on or You can also search for DOI by the title of the article. The second web site automatically generates citations in AMA referencing style in English. The absolute majority of international journals (since 2000) and many Russian journals (published after 2013) are registered in the CrossRef system and have unique DOI.

   When citing online sources please indicate in the following order: the date when the source was posted (“posted 10.05.2013”), the date of update (“updated 10.01.2014”), the date when the source is cited (“cited 01.06.2014”), information on the access restrictions (if any), URL or DOI. It is possible to abbreviate a long reference, for example a long link to Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man database may be shown as (Online Mendelian … , 25.10.2013).

   Please note that ellipses replacing part of the link are not punctuation marks and therefore should been closed by spaces. Indicate “posted …” and “updated …” only if these dates are available from the website. The date when the source is cited is the day when the manuscript’s author accessed the document.

   Information on the access restrictions is required if the source can be accessed only from a local net or after the registration or from a certain organization etc. In this case, state “Access from …” or “Access for …” etc. Web documents whose authors are known are cited just like printed sources.

   Communications from specific Internet forums are cited by specifying Author's last name and initials or the nickname, and the topic of the message. Then indicate website name (In:, date and time when the message was posted, date when the message is cited and message size (how many lines, paragraphs or bytes).

2.5. CONTACT INFORMATION (supplementary file)

   Contact information (an e-mail address) for all authors should be presented in the next order:

  • family name, name, middle name (if applicable);
  • scientific degree, author’s affiliation (position, department, full name of the organization)
  • full postal address, e-mail, phone number (working) with the country and city codes, plus mobile phone for corresponding author (only for urgent contacts with editors if necessary without transfer to third parties)
  • Author’s ID (ORCID, Scopus or others)

III. Completing submission.

   Please check the list of attached files prior to finishing the procedure. Within next 14 days, the editorial board will check out your submission. If it corresponds to the requirements, manuscript status change to “in review”. You may find it at “summary” tab at your account.

Feel free to contact the editors should you have any questions regarding the processing of your manuscript. Accessing your personal account on-site will allow you to monitor its progress online.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • Absence of plagiarism.  The authors guarantee that this article has not been published in whole or in part, and is not under consideration or in the process of publication in another publication.

  • Correct manuscript format. Manuscript file format is Microsoft Word (has the extension *.doc, *.docx, *.rtf). The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

  • Resume (abstract) is designed in accordance with the requirements and do not exceed the limit.

  • Illustrations. Tables and figures were placed within the text of the manuscript and have their titles.

  • Bibliography. The list of references is formatted in accordance with the requirements. All the cited sources were checked for DOI.

  • Supplementary files. The authors have prepared for transfer to the editor

    • file containing full information about the authors (Surname, first name, place of work, e-mail address);
    • Graphic files (photos, satellite images, graphics, etc.).
    • The authors are ready to upload these files to the journal website in Step 4 during the manuscript submission process.
  • The authors confirm that:

    • all participants who have made a significant contribution to the study are presented as co-Authors;
    • those who did not participate in the study are not listed as co-Authors;
    • all co-Authors have seen and approved the final version of the work and agreed to submit it for publication.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


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