Vol 3, No 1 (2013)

Articles
The new cystometric index — index of bladder sensitivity
Al-Shukri S.H., Kuzmin I.V.

Abstract

Our analysis of the results of urodynamic studies in 341 patients with overactive bladder showed the possibility of using the new urodynamic index — the index of bladder sensitivity (IBS). IBS is calculated as the ratio of the maximal bladder capacity to bladder volume at the time of first desire to urinate. IBS values depend on the sex of the patient, the presence of involuntary detrusor contractions and urgency rate (R2 = 0,03; F = 5,80; p < 0,004). IBS value reflects the intensity of increasing of the urgency rate and can be additional criteria for urodynamic assessment the severity of overactive bladder
Urology reports (St. - Petersburg). 2013;3(1):5-7
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Features of hemostasis and fibrinolysis disorders in various clinical forms of urinary stone disease
Goloshchapov Y.T., Lukichev G.B., Ignashov Y.A.

Abstract

We estimated the state of the blood coagulation system and fibrinolitic activity of urine in 436 patients with urinary stone disease and 30 healthy from control group. The results showed that patients with urinary stone disease tend to have hypercoagulation and reduced fibrinolytic activity of urine. The severity of these disorders was more significant in patients with bilateral nephrolithiasis
Urology reports (St. - Petersburg). 2013;3(1):8-10
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Biofeedback in treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women
Al-Shukri S.H., Kuzmin I.V., Kyrkunova S.L.

Abstract

The efficiency of pelvic muscle exercises combined with biofeedback in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence was accessed in 39 women. The duration of treatment was 3 months. 11 (28.2 %) of women after treatment were complete free from the symptoms of stress urinary incontinence, and 20 (51.3%) — had significant decrease in the severity of symptoms. The positive effect was absent in 8 (20.5%) patients, 7 of them had stress urinary incontinence secondary to urethral sphincter deficiency
Urology reports (St. - Petersburg). 2013;3(1):11-13
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Urodynamic diagnosis of bladderoutlet obstruction in men
Kuzmin I.V., Al-Shukri A.S., Amdiy R.E., Giorgobiani T.G.

Abstract

The analysis of the results of pressure flow studies results performed by 39 men with lower urinary tract symptoms. Using Abrams–Griffiths index in the results interpretation allowed to estimate the presence or absence of bladder outlet obstruction in 21 patients (53.8 %) patients, whereas in 18 (46.2 %) it was not possible. Including the amendment (K) in the traditional formula for the nonlinear relation between detrusor pressure and urinary flow rate, which is calculated with the formula K = 58,7 – 0,00554'(Qmax)3, was reduced the number of patients in the “uncertainty zone” to 7 (18 %).
Urology reports (St. - Petersburg). 2013;3(1):14-17
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Ambulatory urodynamic monitoring
Kuzmin I.V.

Abstract

The article describes the history and background of the ambulatory urodynamic monitoring (AUM). In details are described the indications, method of implementation and especially interpretation of study results. The results of the OUM in clinical practice and the benefits of the use are presented.
Urology reports (St. - Petersburg). 2013;3(1):18-22
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Prostate cancer diagnosis and staging errors
Al-Shukri S.H., Borovets S.Y., Rybalov M.A.

Abstract

This review is analyzing advantages and disadvantages of basic methods for prostate cancer diagnostics and staging. Latest high-tech staging methods and nomograms are demonstrated. Causes of the errors occurring during prostate cancer diagnosing and staging are examined.
Urology reports (St. - Petersburg). 2013;3(1):23-27
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Penile cancer
Al-Shukri S.H., Korneyev I.A., Giorgobiani T.G., Ageyev M.N., Batmayev D.B.

Abstract

Penile cancer is a rare disease with aggressive malignant potential. Organ-preserving methods of treatment are feasible at earlier stages; hence the prompt diagnostics and staging of the tumor spread are mandatory. The review of recent literature in penile cancer is presented; a case report from the authors’ clinical practice is used to discuss the approach to patients’ diagnostics and treatment.
Urology reports (St. - Petersburg). 2013;3(1):28-32
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Minimally invasive treatments forkidney stones desease
Antonov A.V.

Abstract

The lecture describes the basic minimally invasive treatment of urinary stone disease — extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, endovideosurgical operations, including percutaneous nephrolithotripsy. Indications and contraindications are discussed, there are shown advantages and disadvantages of each of these methods. Our own experience in minimally invasive treatment of patients with kidney, ureter and bladder stones is presented.
Urology reports (St. - Petersburg). 2013;3(1):33-38
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