Vol 77, No 4 (2010)


Adaptive technical equipping of rural commodity producers

Lipkovich E.I.


The purpose of this work was to study: interrelation of different levels of technical equipping concerning agricultural enterprises in which various groups of agricultural population are occupied; influences of technical equipping characteristics and some environment factors on the base technologies and their groups in agricultural works. Expenditure of energy by the operator at work in social production and in personal subsidiary plot are determined. Advantages of one-stage technologies of harvesting with green manuring or soil preprocessing are shown. The possibility of using one-stage technologies on the basis of new high-efficiency combine harvester RSM-181 with axial-rotor thresher is proved. Base technological complexes of machines concerning all five groups of rural commodity producers are constructed.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):3-6
pages 3-6 views

Change of diesel toxicity indices by work on the methanol fuel emulsion

Likhanov V.A., Toropov A.Y., Romanov S.A.


Results of research of diesel engine 4F 11,0/12,5 toxicity indices change by work on the methanol fuel emulsion are presented.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):7-8
pages 7-8 views

An innovation in the construction of water vaporizing air coolers for tractor cabs

Mikhaylov V.A., Sharipova N.N.


The two-stage water vaporizing air coolers are suggested in two editions. These constructions are made in separated pattern: first (main) unit is a package of sequentially disposed air-to-water heat exchanger and irrigated by water packing, second (auxiliary) unit is a tower-cooler for cooling water in the air-to-water heat exchanger of first unit. The tower-cooler consist of irrigated packing in first edition of construction, second edition has a block of air conditioning. The introduction of two-stage water vaporizing air coolers is alternative of freon air-conditioner using, whereas benefit of energy efficiency is demonstrably.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):8-12
pages 8-12 views

New technological means for the mechanization of crop production

Repetov A.N.


The article deals with the problems of resource and energy saving during the operations of basic and secondary tillage, liquid nitrogen fertilizers application, grain crops and sugar beet sowing.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):13-14
pages 13-14 views

Energy-saving separator for the grain material cleaning

Yampilov S.S., Tsybenov Z.B., Tsydypov T.T.


The results of studying the process of grain material separation by means of energy-saving separator are considered. The article compares the theoretical and experimental dependences of completeness of screening grain mix components on the number of separating combs.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):15-17
pages 15-17 views

A method of synthesis of multilevel cushioning systems of high-speed caterpillar machines

Kotiyev G.O., Sarach Y.B.


A method of synthesis of multilevel cushioning systems of high-speed caterpillar machines on the basis of the linear automatic control systems theory is presented.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):17-20
pages 17-20 views

Increasing adhesion weight of machine-and-tractor unit by means of automatic device for additional loading

Gorshkov Y.G., Popova A.G., Lisitsina Y.V.


A fundamental construction of automatic adhesion weight increasing device for the wheel machine-and-tractor units' passability and roadhold improvement is proposed. The calculation of its main forces and dependences is also given.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):21-23
pages 21-23 views

Flame spread in the dropping gas suspension

Basevich V.Y., Frolov S.M., Gots A.N.


A model of stationary laminar flame in the dropping gas suspension is suggested, which allows to calculate the speed of its spreading in the homogeneous gas suspension and the structure of combustion zone.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):23-25
pages 23-25 views

Identification of tractor tires by traction class

Goncharenko S.V., Popovskiy A.A., Godzhayev Z.A., Stankevich E.B., Koren V.V., Obukhova Y.V., Khvan O.D.


A method for identifying the tractor drive wheels' tires by traction class according to the traction characteristics taken on the stubble of grain crops, by analogy with the identification of State Standard 27021-86, is suggested. The given method allows to estimate the accordance of tractor tire to the traction class by its potential traction characteristic.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):25-29
pages 25-29 views

Energy consumption for the soil layer turning

Nikolayev V.A.


A diagram of the soil layer turning during the ploughing is suggested, taking into account the deformations of soil layer. On the basis of this diagram the energy characteristics of soil layer turning are exposed.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):29-32
pages 29-32 views

Deformation of soil with double-mouldboard plough during the broadcast seeding in the irrigated crop farming

Saakyan S.L.


The force interaction between soil and working member is considered to optimize the distance of throwing soil particles and to provide the necessary distribution of seeds over the growing space.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):33-34
pages 33-34 views

Draught resistance of double-deck plough bodies

Murodov N.M.


The results of analytical study of double-deck plough bodies' draught resistance and the computer calculations of total resistance of plough according to the obtained dependence are brought.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):34-36
pages 34-36 views

Optimization of amplification factor of adaptive friction couplings with differentiated friction pairs

Shishkariov M.P.


An operating mode of adaptive friction couplings of first generation with differentiated friction pairs is considered at the magnitude of feedback gain that surpasses the limiting value. It is shown that there is an amplification factor at which the exactitude of functioning of adaptive friction couplings raises. For the couplings of mentioned class a model of amplification factor optimisation is discovered.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):36-39
pages 36-39 views

Algorithms of fuzzy load control of a clods crushing device

Goncharov V.V., Gadzhiyev P.I., Karpov A.M.


The algorithms of fuzzy load control of a clods crushing device are submitted, depending on the quantity and quality (density, hardness, humidity, etc.) of soil mass entering the machine.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):39-43
pages 39-43 views

Experimental and theoretical assessment of parameters of mixing chamber of a grain crusher

Savinykh P.A., Aleshkin A.V., Kazakov V.A.


The results of study of crushed grain fractions' motion in the mixing chamber of grain crusher are submitted. The factors affecting the speed are identified, and the numerical value of speed depending on these factors is found. A radius of cylindrical section of guide plate, providing the optimal speed of grain fractions when mixed with a preservative in the unloading chamber of grain crusher, is determined.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):43-45
pages 43-45 views

Evaluation of engine workload by tractor use

Janulevičius A., Juostas A., Pupinis G.


The article analyses the tractor's working time at high-speed and stress operating conditions of the engine, taking as example the MF 6499 tractor, which has worked 2075 hours, and using the ECU Load Profile histograms, which are made and saved in tractor's electronic control units. The theoretical analysis yielded the equation of engine power, engine speed and cyclic fuel injection dependences. The graphs of distribution of tractor operating time by different engine speeds and workloads are submitted.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):45-48
pages 45-48 views

An assessment of dynamic factor of metal construction of boom for hydraulic loading manipulators by lifting load from its base

Gerasun V.M., Konyushkov A.L.


On the basis of experimental researches led with three models of mounted loading manipulators, the data is obtained allowing to specify dependence for the assessment of dynamic factor by load lifting for the most loaded root part of the boom. The given dependence allows, in consideration of an operating mode of the created manipulator, to receive an optimum design data of the boom on design stage.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):48-50
pages 48-50 views

Wear resistance of movable joints containing parts with modified microarc oxide coatings

Kolomeуchenko A.V., Titov N.V.


The wear resistance of movable joints containing parts with microarc oxide coating, modified by the copper coating, was observed. The results confirm the appropriateness of using modified parts in friction units.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):50-51
pages 50-51 views

It is necessary to have a law on organization of system for introduction of inventions into production

Maksimov L.M.


The reasons why inventions in the field of farm mechanical engineering stay unclaimed are exposed on the example of potato harvesters. Concrete proposals concerning the organization of system for introduction of inventions into production are given.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):52-53
pages 52-53 views

Improving the technologies of wear-resistant hard-facing for plough parts on the base of using the dip-transfer processes

Bulychiov V.V., Ponomariov A.I., Golubina S.A.


The technical and economic effectiveness of the wear-resistant hard-facing of plough parts' working surfaces by the unrecovered rollers is examined. The appropriateness of applying the semiautomatic dip-transfer surfacing is shown and the necessary technological equipment is developed. The increase of reinforced parts resource is confirmed by tests.
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):54-56
pages 54-56 views

Automation and information support of production processes in agriculture

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14-16 сентября 2010 года в г. Углич Минсельхоз РФ, Россельхозакадемия, ВИМ и Росинформагротех проводят ХI Международную научно-практическую конференцию «Автоматизация и информационное обеспечение производственных процессов в сельском хозяйстве».
Tractors and Agricultural Machinery. 2010;77(4):56-
pages 56- views

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