The life of the legendary Professor G.A. Albrecht: at the origins of prosthetics orthotics (to the 140th anniversary of the birth and the 85th anniversary of the death)

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Abstract


The article noted that on 20 November 1907, awarded by the conference of the Academy degree of doctor of medicine, after public defence of a thesis on the theme: «pathology and treatment of lateral curvature of the knee». One after another began to appear in print: «the question of fluoroscopy and radiography gunshot injury», «traumatic separation of the lower epiphysis of the radius», «Apitizers as a method for the treatment of genu valgum», «Pathology and treatment of hallux valgus», «the technique of treatment of coxitis tuberculosae», «Isolated fracture of the trochleae humeri with a bloody reduction method, the technique of treatment of pseudoarthrosis autoplastic way.» German Alexandrovich considered the prosthesis as a special area of medicine and technology that have important national economic significance. The primary means of training was surgery. In addition, in medical institutions was to be made, fitting, final fitting of prosthetic devices and training in their use patients. Also provides a broad familiarization of surgeons with the essential requirements of the prosthesis. It was also noted that in 1928, the opening of the Institute for medical and orthopedic hospital with 30 beds in addition to the hostel with 50 places, intended for the waiting of prostheses. In this way organized a uniform system of preparation for prosthetics, supply of prostheses and learning to use them in a special institution, which has for this purpose the necessary medical and technical personnel and equipment. German Alexandrovich was a highly qualified physician, research worker and teacher is not unusual for the time, however, harmonically the current profile. After 10 years in the clinic of Professor G. I. Turner, he acquired a comprehensive knowledge of orthopedics, which formed the basis for his later activities. Having a brilliant operative technique, Albrecht has developed its own methods of arthrodesis of the ankle and knee joints, modification kinaesthesia operations on stumps of the upper arm and forearm, as well as highly desirable variation of talangsari the first metacarpal and the splitting of the stump of the forearm by Krukenberg. Conflict of interest: the authors state no conflict of interest Funding: the study was performed with no external funding

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About the authors

T. Sh Morgoshiia

Saint-Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

St. Petersburg, Russia

References

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